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Bint e Aisha

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  1. Assalamu alaikum Are you sure the information is correct in the chart given? I have some doubts, please clarify. @ummtaalib 1️⃣ It says: Is reading the Qur'an even without direct touch really allowed in the Hanafi madhab? 2️⃣ Spotting is also considered haidh if it's between the limit of 3-10 days. Please correct me if I'm wrong. 3️⃣ Rulings regarding menopause do not solely depend upon a woman's age. Even after 55 years normal bleeding is still considered haidh. And if I'm wrong please feel free to correct me [without bashing of course :) ]
  2. ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ Translation ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ is translated as "The Lord of Majesty and Generosity". It means Allah ta'ala is Exalted in grandeur and veneration. Definition Five definitions are mentioned under this name: 1. ذُو الْجَلَالِ: Imam Zajjaj, may Allah have mercy on him, says: "He is the One worthy of being revered and considered free from every flaw." 2. Imam Khattabi, may Allah have mercy on him, says: "In 'ذُو الْجَلَالِ', the word 'جلال' is the source (root) of 'جليل', and 'إكرام' is the source from the 'افْعَال' pattern. Thus, 'ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ' means that Allah, the Lord of Glory, is the One who deserves complete reverence and is considered free from all defects in such a way that He is neither denied nor rejected." Imam Khattabi, may Allah have mercy on him, further says: "It can also mean that He is the One who honors those who obey Him and raises their ranks due to their obedience in this world. 'الْجَلال' means He is exalted in glory because He accepts their deeds and elevates their ranks in Paradise." 3. Imam Haleemi, may Allah have mercy on him, says: "ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ is the One to be feared due to His sovereignty and praised with words befitting His majesty." 4. Imam Qurtubi, may Allah have mercy on him, says "ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ refers to the being except whom there is no greatness and generosity for anyone else; these attributes are solely appropriate for Allah. There is no nobility and honor for anyone except for that great being." 5. Sheikh Saadi, may Allah have mercy on him, says: "ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ is the being with greatness and majesty, mercy and generosity, and beneficence to all, both specific and general. He is the being who shows kindness to His beloved and chosen ones, those who fully revere Him and have made Him their beloved." Praying through this blessed name: The Prophet صلی الله عليه وسلم also encouraged his Ummah to pray using these two great names. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Hold fast to يَاذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ (means to adhere to this prayer) and frequently recite it. Make it a regular part of your prayers and needs." While praying, you should repeatedly say: 'يَاذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ', because it is closer to being accepted. In the first and third sections of Surah Ar-Rahman, Allah’s attribute of ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ is described as: "Allah (the Exalted), is the being with grandeur and generosity, meaning He deals with His servants with beneficence and grants them favors." Supplication after Salah Narrated by Hazrat Thawban (may Allah be pleased with him): "When the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) finished his prayer, he would seek forgiveness three times and say: اللهمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلَامُ وَمِنْكَ السَّلَامُ تَبَارَكْتَ يَاذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ (O Allah, You are peace, and from You comes peace. Blessed are You, O Possessor of Glory and Honor)." Muslim Ism Adham (The Greatest Name) Narrated by Hazrat Mu'adh bin Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him): "The Prophet (peace be upon him) heard a person saying, 'يَا ذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ' (O Possessor of Glory and Honor). Upon hearing this, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: 'Your prayer has been accepted, so ask.'" Tirmidhi Narrated by Hazrat Anas (may Allah be pleased with him): "I was sitting with the Prophet (peace be upon him) when a person was praying. After finishing his prayer, the person said: 'اللهم إني أسألك بأن لك الحمد، لا إله إلا أنت، المنان، يا بديع السماوات والأرض، ياذا الجلال والإكرام، يا حي يا قيوم' Translation: "O Allah! Indeed, I ask You by virtue of the fact that all praise is for You. There is no deity except You. You are the Most Generous, O Creator of the heavens and the earth without any precedent, O Possessor of Glory and Honor, O Ever-Living, O Sustainer." Musnad Ahmad Upon hearing this, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "He has supplicated to Allah with His Greatest Name, which, when invoked, He responds, and when asked by it, He gives." ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ means that the Lord is the Possessor of Majesty and Honor. Being the Possessor of Honor can mean that He alone is truly deserving of all honor and exaltation, and it can also mean that He Himself is honorable. Despite His Majesty and Grandeur, He is not like the kings and noble ones of this world who neglect the poor and the needy. Rather, He, with His Majesty and Grandeur, also honors His creations by bestowing countless blessings upon them and listens to their requests and supplications. The next verse testifies to this second meaning. The phrase "ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ" is among the special attributes of Allah; invoking these attributes in supplication leads to acceptance. Allah Almighty states: تَبَارَكَ اسْمُ رَبِّكَ ذِي الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ Blessed is the name of your Lord, Owner of Majesty and Honor. Allama Ibn Kathir, may Allah have mercy on him, in his commentary states: "Allah, the Lord of Glory, is deserving of being exalted and not disobeyed, honored and worshiped, thanked and not denied, and remembered and not forgotten." Counsel 1. Anyone who establishes a connection with this blessed name should always exalt the greatness of the Lord of Majesty and Grandeur so that they become worthy of His honor. 2. One should honor the righteous servants of Allah Jalla Jalaluhu and the scholars, and never harbor disdain for anyone. 3. This blessed name is the Greatest Name, through which supplications should be made. *~~*~~*
  3. The origin of the word Bak Bak (بك بك) --------- In Urdu, whenever someone is babbling around (talking foolishly), we say in Urdu to him: "bak bak na karo" (i.e. do not talk foolishly and in vain). This is normally used as a slang but it is interesting to note that a similar expression is used in the classical Arabic language. The famous companion of the Prophet SAW, 'Abd Allah bin 'Umar RA once said to the famous governor Hajjaj bin Yusuf, who was known for his tyranny and transgression when he extended the Khutbah of Jumuah to the extent that the time for prayer was about to pass: إنما نجيء للصلاة فصلِّ الصلاة لوقتها، ثم بقبق بعد ذلك ما شئت من بقبقة. أخرجه ابن سعد في الطبقات (4/149). "We only come to pray, so perform the prayer at its appointed time, then baq baq after that whatever baq baq you want to do." ~Smile Originally posted by Mugheerah Luqman
  4. مَالِكُ ٱلْمُلْكُ Translation The Eternal Owner of Sovereignty, The Master of The Kingdom. Definition This name has two definitions: 1. Allah is the Owner of all things and He controls them without any hindrance or opposition. 2. Imam Laith (may Allah have mercy on him) said: "Allah, the Almighty, He is the Allah, blessed and exalted is He, He is the King of all kings, kingship belongs to Him, and He is the Owner of the Day of Judgment." So, a person who resides in a house and considers it his property without any association, think about it, nearly fifty-sixty years ago, whose property was it and where is it today? What was the outcome of his claimed ownership? Mutannabi said it well: "The one who comes to this world takes ownership of it like a usurper seizing someone else's property, and the one who leaves it, departs from the world as if someone has looted his wealth." In the Qur'an قُلِ ٱللَّهُمَّ مَـٰلِكَ ٱلْمُلْكِ تُؤْتِى ٱلْمُلْكَ مَن تَشَآءُ وَتَنزِعُ ٱلْمُلْكَ مِمَّن تَشَآءُ وَتُعِزُّ مَن تَشَآءُ وَتُذِلُّ مَن تَشَآءُ ۖ بِيَدِكَ ٱلْخَيْرُ ۖ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىْءٍۢ قَدِيرٌۭ Say, ˹O Prophet,˺ “O Allah! Lord over all authorities! You give authority to whoever You please and remove it from who You please; You honour whoever You please and disgrace who You please—all good is in Your Hands. Surely You ˹alone˺ are Most Capable of everything. (Surah Ali 'Imran: 26) تُولِجُ اللَّيْلَ فِي الْنَّهَارِ وَتُولِجُ النَّهَارَ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَتُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَتُخْرِجُ الَمَيَّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَتَرْزُقُ مَن تَشَاء بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ You cause the night to pass into the day and the day into the night. You bring forth the living from the dead and the dead from the living. And You provide for whoever You will without limit.” (Surah Ali 'Imran: 27) لِّلَّهِ مُلْكُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ ۚ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَآءُ ۚ يَهَبُ لِمَن يَشَآءُ إِنَـٰثًۭا وَيَهَبُ لِمَن يَشَآءُ ٱلذُّكُورَ To Allah ˹alone˺ belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates whatever He wills. He blesses whoever He wills with daughters, and blesses whoever He wills with sons (Surah Ash-Shuraa: 49) In Du'a The Virtue of Supplicating Through This Blessed Name There is a narration that if supplication is made with the Ism Azam (the Greatest Name of Allah), then that supplication is accepted. قُلِ ٱللَّهُمَّ مَـٰلِكَ ٱلْمُلْكِ تُؤْتِى ٱلْمُلْكَ مَن تَشَآءُ وَتَنزِعُ ٱلْمُلْكَ مِمَّن تَشَآءُ "Say, 'O Allah, Owner of Sovereignty, You give kingship to whom You will and take it away from whom You will.'" (Quran, Surah Al Imran, 3:26) In this verse, the boundless power and might of Allah are expressed; He can make a king into a beggar and a beggar into a king. He is the owner of all authority, and all goodness lies solely in the hands of Allah; besides Allah, there is no bestower of goodness. Imam Baghawi (may Allah have mercy on him) has narrated a hadith that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: It is the command of Allah that whoever recites after every prayer Surah Al-Fatihah, Ayat al-Kursi, and two verses of Al-Imran, one verse: شَهِدَ ٱللَّهُ أَنَّهُۥ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ until the end, and the other verse: قُلِ ٱللَّهُمَّ مَـٰلِكَ ٱلْمُلْكِ till بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ , then I will build a house for him in Paradise ... And I will bestow my mercy upon him every day ... And I will fulfill all his needs ... And I will grant him refuge from every envious person and enemy ..." The true King is Allah After detailing Allah's glory and His blessings upon His servants in Surah Fatir, it is stated: "That is Allah—your Lord! All authority belongs to Him. But those ˹idols˺ you invoke besides Him do not possess even the skin of a date stone. If you call upon them, they cannot hear your calls. And if they were to hear, they could not respond to you. On the Day of Judgment they will disown your worship ˹of them˺. And no one can inform you ˹O Prophet˺ like the All-Knowledgeable. O humanity! It is you who stand in need of Allah, but Allah ˹alone˺ is the Self-Sufficient, Praiseworthy. If He willed, He could eliminate you and produce a new creation. And that is not difficult for Allah ˹at all˺." (Quran, Surah Fatir) When you believe in the original Creator and Master, the one who controls and sustains the entire universe, then you should not fear anyone besides Him and should not turn back to others as objects of worship. When the True One is there, what remains after truth except falsehood? Leaving truth and indulging in false illusions, making someone else a deity besides the Creator, the Owner, the Absolute Lord, and the Sovereign is not the act of a wise person. How can someone who relies on Allah be troubled? There was once a severe drought in Balkh, to the extent that people started eating every kind of withered grass. Everyone was deeply distressed and despondent, but a servant continued to happily sell in the market. When people reproached him, he replied: Translation: "I have no sorrow because the owner of an entire village (without any partnership) is my master. (This thing has freed my heart from all kinds of worries and relieved all my sorrows)." Upon hearing this, Abu Ali Shafiq bin Ibrahim Azdi (may Allah have mercy on him) opened his eyes, feeling deeply ashamed, and turned towards Allah, saying: "O Allah, this servant belongs to a person whose possession is only one village, yet he is so happy, and we too call You our Lord and are concerned about our sustenance to such an extent that it has no bounds." So, when this thought came to his mind he turned away from the affairs of the world and futile thoughts, and adopted worldly means with moderation while engaging in religious matters. From that day on, he mentions that he never felt distressed about sustenance. Counsel (1) Those who have a connection with this blessed name should consider themselves as humble servants. The true owner of everything, the true owner of every person, is the one whose sovereignty is eternal and absolute. He who crowns the poor and makes thrones dust for kings. (2) One should repeatedly ponder that besides Allah, there is no creator, no provider of sustenance, nor does anyone have the power to grant or prevent, to give life or to cause death. Not even a particle can move without His will. Therefore, one should engage in worship and supplication only to Him. (3) One should refrain from asking anything from others, while keeping in mind the virtue of supplicating through this blessed name and make arrangements for supplication. (4) Sit alone and contemplate, and invite people in gatherings that the sole owner of the entire universe is only Allah, and whatever is in the universe, its owner is also only Allah. A person who has acquired knowledge of this name will not argue with people saying, "So and so took away my thing, so and so did not give it to me"; rather, he will believe that "I will take more of this from Malikul Mulk, if Allah intends to give it to me, no one can stop it, if Allah does not intend, no one can give it, then why complain to the creation?" And consider oneself and whatever is in one's possession as owned, that this is temporary ownership for me, so I should spend these blessings in the way of Allah. Life, time, wealth, everything, man deceives himself about these worldly blessings, thinking they are mine! Whereas, all this is entrusted by Allah. *~~*~~*
  5. Holding children in prayer Answer: https://islamqa.org/hanafi/qibla-hanafi/_images/bism01.jpg Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,I pray this finds you in the best of health and spirits. Najasa & Its Relation to Prayer: One of the conditions for the validity of a person’s prayer is that he must be free of filth beyond the excused amount from his body, clothes, and place of prayer (Maraqi al-Falah 291). The excused amount for the urine and feces of a human is that which does not exceed the size of one’s inner palm (Maraqi al-Falah 222). Ruling & Its Details: If during prayer, a person deliberately carries a child, and the child has more than the excused amount of filth located on his body or clothes, then the prayer is invalidated. The same ruling applies to a child that sits on the lap of one who is praying if the person holds onto them. (Hashiyat al-Tahtawi 291). However, if a child holds onto the one praying or grabs their clothes, and the one praying does not reciprocate the holding, this does not invalidate the prayer because the filth is ascribed to the child, not to the one praying (Radd al-Muhtar,1:269-270). If the person praying is reasonably sure that the child’s clothes are not soiled with filth, then it is permissible to carry the child. If the person is unsure, then they can assume purity, unless there are clear signs indicating otherwise. Playful actions, such as prostrating over the child or the child hitting the one praying, do not affect the soundness of the prayer. Helpful Suggestions: I would suggest trying to schedule your prayers during the child’s nap time, if the toddler’s actions are too disturbing. Otherwise, place him in a play pen or give him a toy to distract his attention from what you are doing. Maybe you can ask your spouse, elder children, or friends to attend to the child while you pray. If the child is old enough, it may be helpful to turn it into a game. I’ve seen many children imitate their parents praying, especially in sujud. It is important to help the child comprehend that worship entails peace and concentration. One should teach them these principles with reiteration, compassion, and patience with their young age. And Allah alone gives success. ———————————————– Ustadha Naielah Ackbarali https://islamqa.org/hanafi/qibla-hanafi/34393/holding-children-in-prayer/
  6. Then it must be "aalaat" meaning "tools".
  7. I think it is "judaagaana halaat" which means "different/separate circumstances". "Sifaat e Razeela" means "contemptible qualities".
  8. Walaikumus Salam One correction: it is actually alam bardaar (flag bearer) "Anyone who is a flag bearer of any evil will be disrespectful."
  9. The Arabic word for punishment is "ta'zir - support". This is "because the idea underlying punishment is to give real help to the criminal by punishing him." —Ma'ariful Qur'an V8 pg 84 with the reference of Mufradat al-Qur'an by Raghib
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