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  2. How Should a Woman Sit and Prostrate in Prayer? Answered by Ustadha Naielah Ackbarali Question: In the ”Absolute Essentials of Islam” it’s written that women should have their hands at shoulder level in prostration and keep their forearms on the ground. Yet when I attempted to practice this, I found that I could not keep my forearms on the ground without having my hands at head-level, like men. Can you explain this and the way women should perform prostration? Can you also describe the exact sitting position women should be in, please. Answer: Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa baraktuhu The basis of the woman’s prayer in the Hanafi madhhab is that it follows the same rulings as the man’s prayer, and any differences between the two return to the principle of what is most concealing and modest for her. [Ibn `Abidin, Radd al Muhtar] In prostration, it is sunna for a woman to draw all of her limbs closely together in order to achieve maximum modesty. Her abdomen rests on top of her thighs and her upper-arms remain closely at her sides while her forearms lay on the floor. [Radd al- Muhtar; Shurunbulali, Maraqi al-Falah] It is sunna for men to prostrate in-between their hands, and their hands are placed at the level of the ears like the opening takbir. So far, I have not found a specific text that indicates that a woman does differently but I am still researching this matter. Yet, it should be noted that the placement of the hands do not affect the validity of the prayer and it is permissible to place one’s hands at the head level while prostrating as long as the ideals of modesty and concealment are upheld. In regards to her toes, it is obligatory for a part of the toes to touch the ground while in prostration in order for the prayer to be considered valid. Shaykh Faraz Rabbani has mentioned that it is not a specific sunna for women to keep their toes upright but there is no harm in doing so during prostration. While sitting for tashahud, she sits in the tawarruk position, which means that she sits on her left buttock with her knees bent and both legs are conveniently positioned to the right side of her body. In Maraqi Falah, al-Hadiyya al-Alaiyya, and Imdad al Fatah, the authors mention that the thigh is placed on top of the other thigh while her leg rests underneath her right hip. In Majma al-Anhar, the author explains further and says that “…she sits on her left buttock and positions both legs to the right side of her body because this is most concealing for her, and she brings together both of her thighs and places her right leg on top of her left leg.” In terms of additional information, the great Hanafi jurist Ibn Abdin notes the differences found within the woman’s prayer in Radd al-Muhtar. I have translated the majority of the details from his list while also adding extra explanations from sources like al-Hadiyya al-Alaiyya, Maraqi al-Falah and Imdad al-Fatah. 1.) When performing the opening takbir, she raises her hands to the level of her shoulders, while men raise their hands to the level of their ears. 2.) When performing the opening takbir, she does not withdraw her hands from underneath her sleeves because it may expose her forearms which are awrah (nakedness), while men should remove their hands from underneath their shawls. 3.) When standing, she places her right inner-palm on top of her left hand and rests them on her chest without clasping them, while men place their hands below their navels and clasp them together. 4.) When bowing, she bends her back slightly so that she touches her knees but she does not straighten her back fully, unlike men who completely align their limbs. 5.) When bowing, she does not spread her fingers apart but rather she keeps them closed together, unlike men who keep their fingers outspread. 6.) When bowing, she places her palms upon her knees and does not grasp her knees, unlike men who grasp their knees. 7.) When bowing, she bends her knees, unlike men who keep their knees straightened. 8.) When bowing and prostrating, she keeps her upper arms (the area from the shoulder to the elbow) as close as possible to the sides of her body, unlike men who distance their upper arms from their bodies. 9.) When prostrating, she rests her forearms on the ground, unlike men who keep their arms raised above the ground. 10.) She does not keep her toes upright like men. 11.) While sitting for tashahud, she sits in the tawarrak position (explained above) and she places her hands on top of her thighs such that the tips of her fingers reach her knees. 12.) While sitting for tashahud, she does not spread her fingers apart but rather she keeps them closed together, unlike men who keep their fingers outspread. 13.) If the Imam forgets something in his prayer, she claps without excessive movement instead of saying ‘SubHanAllah’ like men. 14.) She does not lead the man’s prayer. 15.) It is prohibitively disliked (e.g. sinful) for her to pray in a woman’s group prayer, to give the adhan, or to give the iqama. 16.) If she prays in a mixed congregation, she stands behind the men. 17.) She is not obligated to attend the Friday sermon prayer, but if she does and completes it, it counts as her Dhuhr prayer. 18.) It is not necessary (wajib) for her to attend the Eid prayer as opposed to men. 19.) It is not recommended for her to wait until the brightness of the sun to pray Fajr like it is for men performing the group prayer, but it is best for her to pray at the earliest part of the Fajr prayer time. 20.) She does not recite out loud in the non-silent prayers. Yet, it is important to note that if she is praying by herself in any prayer, she must recite at a level where she can hear herself in order for her prayers to be considered valid. While the majority of information found within this post was extracted from Arabic texts, I would recommend the following English resources for more details about this topic: ”The Salah of Women” by Madrasa Arabiya Islamia Azadville, South Africa ”Heavenly Ornaments’‘ by Maulana Muhammad Ashraf Ali Thanvi Barak Allah fikum Naielah Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani
  3. ummitaalib

    Reciting Tasbeeh-e-Faatimi

    The Wonderful Rewards of Tasbeeh-e-Fatimi Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem On one occasion, Hadhrat Hajee Farouk Saheb (Rahmatullahi ‘alayh), one of the senior Khulafa of Hadhrat Moulana Maseehullah (Rahmatullahi ‘alayh), visited us in Azaadville. During the time that he spent with us, he presented the value of Tasbeeh-e-Fatimi in a very unique manner. Hadhrat (Rahmatullahi ‘alayh) explained that if a person enjoys gardening and appreciates the diversity of plants and trees, and if he travels in the world and comes across a beautiful, exotic tree or plant, he desires for it to be in his garden. He wants to enjoy its beauty and its fruit, in his own garden. However, to take it back to his country, will require special arrangements to be made. Governments have strict regulations in respect to importing and exporting, and these will have to be fulfilled. Moreover, he will have to consider whether the environment and climate of his country will be conducive and suitable. It may be that the plant is taken back home, but it does not survive due to the climate or due to other factors. If sustainable and feasible, he goes about making preparations to purchase it and bring it back to his country. Since the plant will be imported, he will have to abide by the regulations and protocol of the country, to import such plants. If he acquires the permit or licence, he will have to make arrangements for it to be transported and delivered in a suitable manner – because plants are sensitive and can easily wither away and die, if they are not packaged properly and not cared for. When he does receive it, he will have to plant it and look after it – according to its specifications. He will have to water it, add fertilizer to it, and will have to take care that it is not damaged or destroyed. The seasons bring different weather conditions, so more care is required. He will be cautious that children do not damage the plant while they play, and animals and insects don’t harm or destroy the plant. …So much of effort is made for one plant or tree of this world. …Furthermore, each tree takes time to grow and bear its fruit – years pass in the growth of a tree. In the process, the person may leave this world and not see it thrive and produce fruit. Even if he lives to enjoy the shade, the flowers and the fruit, it will only be a period of time. THE TREES OF JANNAH The Hadith speaks of trees in Jannah which surpass the trees of this world, in every way. Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radiyallahu’anhu) reported that Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “…Say: Subhanallah, Alhamdulillah, La ilaaha illallaah or Allahu Akbar, one tree will be planted for you in Jannah, for each of these.”[1] For each glorification of Allah Ta’ala, a tree is immediately planted in Jannah. There are no regulations, no costs, no transport arrangements required, etc. And these trees will not die. They are permanent … and we too will be living eternally in Jannah, Insha-Allah. May Allah Ta’ala make it such that we enter Jannah and also enjoy the beauty of the trees of Jannah. In reading the Tasbeeh-e-Fatima, which comprises of 33 times Subhanallah, 33 times Alhamdulillah and 34 times Allahu Akbar, we will be planting 100 trees. The effort to recite is small; the returns are very big. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) described a tree of Jannah: "There is a tree in Jannah (that is so big and huge) that if a rider travels in its shade for one hundred years, he would not be able to cross it."[2] In another Hadith, Rasulullah (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “There is no tree in Jannah that does not have a trunk of gold.”[3] Hadhrat ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ood (Radiyallahu’anhu) reported that Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “I met Nabi Ibraheem (‘alaihis salaam) when I was taken on Mi’raj (ascension to the heavens) and he told me: “O Muhammad, convey my Salaam (greetings) to your Ummah and tell them that Jannah has good soil and sweet water, but it is barren. The plantation of Jannah is (the recitation of) Subhanallah, Alhamdulillah, La ilaaha illallaah and Allahu Akbar.”[4] Alhamdulillah, for many, it is a practice to read Tasbeeh-e-Fatimi and engage in Zikrullah after the Fajr and Asr Salaah. These are Mubarak (blessed) times. These are also the times when people enjoy sitting or working in their gardens – so, in that same time, prepare for the real gardens of Aakhirah! Hadhrat Shaikhul Hadith, Maulana Muhammad Zakariyyah (Rahmatullahi ‘Alayh) had said that we should be conscious in undertaking all our A’maaal; thinking over the rewards, profits and the ‘harvest’ that will follow in Jannah. In this instance, we should think that we have planted one hundred magnificent trees in Jannah. Daily, we should contemplate over what we have earned and acquired of Aakhirah, by way of our actions. If a businessman pulls off a big deal and he secures prime property, etc. then in his opinion, this is a great accomplishment; this is success. He is extremely happy. However, all is ‘Faani’ – all is perishable. Nothing of Dunya is made to last. Whereas, the Zikr of Allah Ta’ala is acquiring and building our Jannah, which is forever… which is made to last. Of course, the Niyyah must be right, the Amal must be right and we should ask Allah Ta’ala to accept from us. The same focus and motivation should be brought in, when practising upon the various Sunnats. We should consider that each Sunnah brings the reward of 100 martyrs. Who does not want to multiply his honour by living his entire life according to the beautiful Sunnah? …Where there are people trying to demolish the Sunnah, we should revive it, appreciate it, cherish it and live it. BUILDING YAQEEN There is an incident of a Muslim woman who visited her friend. Whilst they were talking, her 3 year old child came and began to tug at the mother’s garment, saying: “Mummy, we have not built our palace in Jannah today!” Thereafter, her other young children, came to her and they too began to say the same – that they had not built their palaces in Jannah. The sister, who was visiting, expressed her surprise and asked what was meant by the children’s statements. So, the mother sat with her children and they recited Surah Al-Ikhlaas ten times and she explained to her friend, that the Hadith states that the recitation of Surah Al-Ikhlaas 10 times secures a palace in Jannah. The children then expressed their desire to fill up their Jannah with treasures, and they began to recite ‘La Haula wala Quwwata Illah Billah’ … since the Hadith mentions that this is a treasure of Jannah. When the mother asked the children what should be read if they want a drink of Kauthar from Rasulullah (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam), they all eagerly began to recite Durood Sharief. …Allahu Akbar. How enviable, when contemplating the vastness and loftiness of such a Jannah, which is being upgraded daily from such early years. This intelligent mother was fostering Yaqeen (conviction) in the Aakhirah, within the hearts and minds of her little children. We cannot truly imagine what would be achieved and what success will be enjoyed by these children, when their focus and effort is on Aakhirah, Jannah and preparing for Jannah. Allah Ta’ala grant us that kind of enthusiasm as well. Aameen. THE LAND OF DUNYA AND THE LAND OF JANNAH When we purchase a plot of land in this world; it is a fixed area in hectares or acres or square metres. By building a house and adding other amenities, the land does not expand or increase; it remains the same. The land of Jannah is such, that the more Zikrullah we engage in, the more good we do, the more the land increases and the more the land is developed by way of magnificent trees, palaces, rivers and so forth. As mentioned, Jannah is barren land, and it through our A’maal, that these bounties of Jannah are achieved and our plot of Jannah increases and expands. If a person recites the Tasbeeh-e-Fatimi after Fajr and Asr and before sleeping, so he has increased his Jannah with 300 more trees. And if he recites it after every Salaah and before he sleeps, so he has increased his plot of Jannah with 600 trees. If he does so daily, then for every passing week, he has increased his plot of Jannah by 4200 trees! Alhamdulillah, this was discussed in Westville, KZN, on one of our visits, and thereafter a friend mentioned that he approached a brother after Salaah, and he indicated that he should wait a little. After a short time, he explained that he was busy planting his trees in Jannah, with the recitation of Tasbeeh-e-Fatimi, and he had wanted to complete that first. Alhamdulillah. Allah Ta’ala’s Grace. HADHRAT FATIMA (RADHIYALLAHU ‘ANHA) Hadhrat Fatima (Radhiyallahu ‘anha) is described as the queen of the women of Jannah. Despite her lofty rank, she would carry out all the household chores by herself. She would draw water from the well to carry it home and grind the barley in the millstone. Due to these tasks, she developed blisters on her hand. On one occasion, Hadhrat ‘Ali (Radhiyallahu anhu) informed her that some slaves have arrived from the spoils of war and she should request a maid slave from her father, to assist her in the household chores. She thus went to Rasulullah (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) but such was her shame, that she could not ask her own father, and went back home. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) was informed of Hadhrat Faatima’s (Radhiyallahu ‘anha) visit and went to her home to find out the reason. …From here, we learn the kind of relationship that should be found between parents and children, and the concern parents should have for their children. Unfortunately, today there is widespread neglect and we leave our children in the ‘care’ of the television, i-pad, X-box, PS4, etc. We are clueless to what is happening in their lives, and they don’t disclose anything to us because they find us too busy to give them any special time. Nevertheless, Hadhrat Fatima presented her request to her father. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) replied: “Shall I not show you something better than what you asked for? When you retire to your bed, recite Subhanallah 33 times, Alhamdulillah 33 times and Allahu-Akbar 34 times. This is better for you than a servant.”[5] This is what is known as Tasbeeh-e-Faatimi. Who does not want better? If someone offers us better than what we want or have, how keen we would be. Whilst it is permissible to have a maid to help at home, our reasons today are generally because our womenfolk want to go gyming, want to socialise, etc. However, by doing one’s own chores at home, a woman will, InshaAllah, maintain her fitness levels. We learn from this Hadith that our physical strength also comes from Zikrullah and other Azkaar, such as Durood Shareef and Istighfaar. Zikrullah gives us energy and strength. …We buy all kinds of energy-boosters, but this is an energy-booster which is unparalleled in its benefits. Similarly, the Qaylulah gives the physical body rest and rejuvenation. …Nowadays, we say that we are exhausted and fatigued and need to go to a resort to rest, whereas the solutions to our problems are to be found in the Qur'aan Shareef, the beautiful Sunnah and in the Zikr of Allah Ta’ala. MEANING AND BENEFIT We should not rush when engaged in any Zikr. Keep in mind, the meaning and benefit. “Subhanallah” means that Allah Ta’ala is Pure. When a person says: “Subhanallah”, the person is acknowledging and proclaiming Allah Ta’ala’s Purity; that Allah Ta’ala is free from any blemish or defect. In this, there is also an acknowledgement, that we are impure. We have so many weaknesses and defects. Hazrat Maulana Hakeem Muhammad Akhtar Saheb (Rahmatullahi ‘Alayh) had said that when we glorify Allah Ta’ala thus, Allah Ta’ala, in return, will purify us. …Many Mashaa’ikh instruct that females read 300 times "SubhanAllah". Just on this Tasbeeh, a person will achieve Tazkiyah (purification). Allah Ta’ala will purify, and when Allah Ta’ala purifies, what will be the condition of such a heart! “Alhamdulillah” means that all praises belong to Allah Ta’ala. Allah Ta’ala is not in need of our praises. All praises are for Allah Ta’ala whether we praise Allah Ta’ala or not. Allah Ta’ala is the only one worthy of praise. In the Hamd of Allah Ta’ala, the heart is fully accepting Allah Ta’ala as He is. We should think and believe that only Allah Ta’ala is Owner of all the qualities of praise. We, ourselves are useless and have nothing. From Allah Ta’ala’s Side, and out of His Ihsaan and Karam, when a person praises Him, Allah Ta’ala creates circumstances whereby people praise the person in return. “Allahu-Akbar” means Allah Ta’ala is the greatest. Allah Ta’ala has all the qualities of greatness. Greatness is exclusive to Allah Ta’ala. When a person recognises and acknowledges Allah Ta’ala’s Greatness, Allah Ta’ala places honour into the hearts of the creation for the person who honours Him. Hazrat Maulana Hakeem Muhammad Akhtar (Rahmatullahi ‘Alayh) had explained that this honour is not based on the desire of the nafs, but in the light of the Masnoon Dua: “O Allah, make me small (insignificant) in my own eyes, and make me great (significant) in the eyes of the people.” In our own hearts, we should see ourselves as insignificant and unimportant, but we ask Allah Ta’ala to grant respect and honour in the hearts of people. What outwardly seems to be pride, has its antidote and cure in the first part of the Dua: O Allah, make me small (insignificant) in my own eyes. Respect is necessary to establish order, peace and stability. If there is no respect, there will be complete upheaval in our homes, schools, Masaajid, etc. If no respect is shown to the parents, Ustaadh, Imaam and other seniors, then there will be disorder, turmoil and chaos. And this is what we do see, in these times. Due to a lack of respect and Adab, there is disturbance and disruption in every system. Going back a few decades, cleaning floors or cars, required washing, polishing and shining. Different products would be used. Nowadays, products are formulated which do all three in one. These products are marketed as 3-in-1, 5-in-1, etc. Similarly, the Zikr of Allah Ta’ala has multiple benefits: Cleaning, polishing, and shining the heart. From the time of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam), we have had a 3-in-1 solution to the maintenance of the spiritual heart. "Subhanallah" cleans the heart; "Alhamdulillah" polishes the heart and "Allahu Akbar" shines the heart. Similarly, different Azkaar that are drawn from Ahadith do the same: clean, polish and shine. From another angle: Certain medicines require a prescription. They cannot be purchased over the counter. Allah Ta’ala has made His Zikr for the whole Ummah. No one requires permission to make Tasbeeh – to glorify and praise Allah Ta’ala. This opportunity is available for all. Despite the value being so great, we are found wanting in appreciation and in Amal. Allah Ta’ala has made His Zikr so easy. The Tasbeeh-e-Fatimi takes about a minute and requires no physical exertion or monetary expense. May Allah Ta’ala grant us the Taufeeq to practice. May Allah Ta’ala grant us the Azmat of Deen – Azmat for every aspect of Deen. Ameen! By Hadhrat Moulana Abdul Hamid Saheb (Daamat Barakaatuhum)
  4. Last week
  5. Can a woman travel alone without any relative? Question: AssalamuAlaikum. Mufti Saheb. There is a Hadith that a time will come that woman would travel from Sanaa to Hazramaut and she will not be harmed. This Hadith indicates that when such a time comes then it will be permissible for woman to travel alone. In today’s time Dctr Shabir Ally says that it is permissible and that Hadith that forbids is regarding such a time which they were scared. Can you please explain? Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. Hereunder is the Hadith referred to in the query. عَنْ خَبَّابِ بْنِ الأَرَتِّ قَالَ شكونا إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم وهو متوسد بردة له في ظل الكعبة فقلنا ألا تستنصر لنا ألا تدعو لنا؟ فقال قد كان من قبلكم يؤخذ الرجل فيحفر له في الأرض فيجعل فيها فيجاء بالمنشار فيوضع على رأسه فيجعل نصفين ويمشط بأمشاط الحديد ما دون لحمه وعظمه فما يصده ذلك عن دينه والله ليتمن هذا الأمر حتى يسير الراكب من صنعاء إلى حضرموت لا يخاف إلا الله والذئب على غنمه ولكنكم تستعجلون. Translation: Khabbaab Bin Arit Radiallahu Anhu said: We complained to Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam (about our condition) while he was leaning against his sheet cloak in the shade of the Ka`ba. We said, Will you ask Allah to help us? Will you invoke Allah for us? He said, among those who were before you a (believer) used to be seized and, a pit used to be dug for him and then he used to be placed in it. Then a saw used to be brought and put on his head by which the head would split into two halves. His flesh might be combed with iron combs and removed from his bones, yet, all that did not cause him to revert from his religion. By Allah! This religion (Islam) will be completed (and triumph) till a rider (traveler) goes from San`a' (the capital of Yemen) to Hadramout fearing nobody except Allah and the wolf lest it should trouble his sheep, but you are impatient. Bukhari Take note the Hadith refers to a راكب (male traveller) and not a woman. However, there is another Hadith narrated by Adi bin Hatim Radiallahu Anhu in reference to a woman. Hereunder is the Hadith حَدَّثَنِى مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَكَمِ أَخْبَرَنَا النَّضْرُ أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ أَخْبَرَنَا سَعْدٌ الطَّائِىُّ أَخْبَرَنَا مُحِلُّ بْنُ خَلِيفَةَ عَنْ عَدِىِّ بْنِ حَاتِمٍ قَالَ بَيْنَا أَنَا عِنْدَ النَّبِىِّ - صلى الله عليه وسلم - إِذْ أَتَاهُ رَجُلٌ فَشَكَا إِلَيْهِ الْفَاقَةَ، ثُمَّ أَتَاهُ آخَرُ، فَشَكَا قَطْعَ السَّبِيلِ. فَقَالَ «يَا عَدِىُّ هَلْ رَأَيْتَ الْحِيرَةَ». قُلْتُ لَمْ أَرَهَا وَقَدْ أُنْبِئْتُ عَنْهَا. قَالَ «فَإِنْ طَالَتْ بِكَ حَيَاةٌ لَتَرَيَنَّ الظَّعِينَةَ تَرْتَحِلُ مِنَ الْحِيرَةِ، حَتَّى تَطُوفَ بِالْكَعْبَةِ، لاَ تَخَافُ أَحَدًا إِلاَّ اللَّهَ» Translation: Adi bin Hatim Radiallahu Anhu said: While I was in the city of the Prophet, a man came and complained to him (the Prophet, ) of destitution and poverty. Then another man came and complained of robbery (by highwaymen). Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said, "Adi! Have you been to Al-Hira?" I said, "I haven't been to it, but I was informed about it." He said, "If you should live for a long time, you will certainly see that a lady in a Howdah traveling from Al-Hira will (safely reach Mecca and) perform the Tawaf of the Ka`ba, fearing none but Allah. Bukhari Here in this Hadith, the travel is from Heera to the Kaaba Shareef and not from Sanaa to Hadramaut. Deducing laws of Shariah directly from Ahadith is the function of the Mujtahideen like the four Imams of Fiqh, Imam Abu Hanifah, Imam Malik, Imam Shafee, Imam Ahmad Bin Hambal Rahimahullah. They were experts of the Qur’an and Ahadith and related sciences. It is incorrect for a non-Mujtahid, let aside a non Aalim to deduce laws of Shariah directly from the Qur’an and Ahadith as such a deduction will not be consistent with any principle and it will be riddled with many contradictions. If the Hadith meant that a woman could travel alone without a Mahram in safe times then there was no time that a woman was more protected and safe than the era of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam as the era of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam is described as خير القرون (the best of eras). Women were given respect, dignity and honor. They were liberated from all forms of domestic, social and economic injustices of the past. Women were announced equal to men in attaining virtuous deeds. إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْقَانِتِينَ وَالْقَانِتَاتِ وَالصَّادِقِينَ وَالصَّادِقَاتِ وَالصَّابِرِينَ وَالصَّابِرَاتِ وَالْخَاشِعِينَ وَالْخَاشِعَاتِ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقَاتِ وَالصَّائِمِينَ وَالصَّائِمَاتِ وَالْحَافِظِينَ فُرُوجَهُمْ وَالْحَافِظَاتِ وَالذَّاكِرِينَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا وَالذَّاكِرَاتِ أَعَدَّ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ مَغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا. Translation: Indeed, the Muslim men and Muslim women, the believing men and believing women, the obedient men and obedient women, the truthful men and truthful women, the patient men and patient women, the humble men and humble women, the charitable men and charitable women, the fasting men and fasting women, the men who guard their private parts and the women who do so, and the men who remember Allah often and the women who do so - for them Allah has prepared forgiveness and a great reward. Surah Al-Ahzaaab verse 35 Despite such a pure and safe environment, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam stated the following: عن نافع عن عبد الله بن عمر عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لا يحل لامرأة تؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر تسافر مسيرة ثلاث ليال الا ومعها ذو محرم. Translation: It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to travel for the distance of three days except with a Dhu-Mahram (i.e. a male with whom she cannot marry at all, e.g. her brother, father, grandfather, etc.) or her own husband). Sahih Muslim قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ:لاَ تُسَافِرِ المَرْأَةُ إِلَّا مَعَ ذِي مَحْرَمٍ، وَلاَ يَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهَا رَجُلٌ إِلَّا وَمَعَهَا مَحْرَمٌ، فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَخْرُجَ فِي جَيْشِ كَذَا وَكَذَا، وَامْرَأَتِي تُرِيدُ الحَجَّ، فَقَالَ: اخْرُجْ مَعَهَا. Translation: Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said: It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to travel except with a Mahram (unmarriageable kin), and no man may visit her except in the presence of a Dhu-Mahram. A man asked Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam: "O Messenger of Allah! My wife is going on Hajj (pilgrimage), while I want to participate in a battle, what should I do? Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam said: "Go out with her. The most explicit evidence on this issue is the incident of Aisha Radiallahu Anha during Hajjatul Wida. Makkah Mukarramah was already conquered. It was the pure environment of the Haj of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. The enemies of Islam were suppressed and the Islamic law was in full force. When Hazrat Aisha Radiallahu Anha wanted to perform Umra after Haj, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam advised Hazrat Aisha’s brother Abdur Rahman to accompany her from Makkah to Tan’eem which is at the border of Haram. The distance between Tan’een and Haram is only about 5km. Hazrat Aisha Radiallahu Anha could have traveled by herself to Tan’eem as it was in the era of Islamic law and the Haj of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. Hazrat Aisha could have traveled with other Sahabiyyaat to Tan’eem. Why did Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam specifically chose Abdur Rahmaan to accompany her? The answer is simple, Hazrat Aisha Radiallahu Anha was a Shar’ie Musaafir and she had to abide by the laws of Shariah of traveling with a Mahram. Any person who is correctly schooled in Hadith will not rely merely on an indication in the Hadith to deduce a ruling. There are two modes of expression of speech; • One is نص (the objective of the speech). • The other isظاهر (secondary to the objective of the speech). Whilst we consider the secondary points in Hadith, that should not be in conflict with the primary objective of the speech. In the two Ahadith stated in the beginning about safe travel, the primary objective of the speech is emphasis on safety and protection. This is illustrated with example of a rider traveling in one Hadith and woman traveling in another Hadith. It is incorrect to use this illustration of safety to deduce that a woman can travel alone in safe time as that is not the primary objective of the Hadith, especially when there are many Ahadith prohibiting women traveling alone without a Mahram. Furthermore, no Mujtahid has made such a deduction. Hereunder are the rulings of the four Imams of Madhabs on woman travelling alone. According to the Hanafi and Hambali schools of thought, it is not permissible for a woman to travel the distance of three days (equivalent to 48 miles) without her husband or a Mahram (unmarriageable kin) accompanying her. According to the Shafie school of thought, a woman is only permitted to travel with a Mahram or her husband or a group of women. According to the Maliki school of thought if a woman cannot find a Mahram to travel with her for a Wajib travel and she does not have a husband, then she is allowed to travel with a group of pious men or a group of pious women. As for non Wajib travel, the normal principle will apply as stated hereunder. أمّا سفر التّطوّع والمباح فلا يجوز لها الخروج فيه إلاّ مع محرمٍ أو زوجٍ . Translation: As for a voluntary and permissible travel, a woman is not permissible to travel except with a Mahram or a husband. Mausu’atul Fiqhiyyah Al-Kuwaitiyyah 304/23 It is incorrect to assume that the Hadith is referring to today’s time. Please consider the following reports about how unsafe it is for woman to travel alone. • The agency Eric Mower + Associates asked 400 U.S. women about their perceptions on safety when traveling alone. The results reveal that overall, women feel uncomfortable or unsafe traveling solo (although two out of three have done so). Furthermore, two in five women report that they have experienced sexual harassment while on the road alone. • FBI Special Agent David Rodski told reporters the number of sexual assaults during flights is increasing "at an alarming rate," and added, "We're not sure why." Last year, CNN reported it is difficult to determine just how frequently assaults happen on commercial flights because no federal regulatory agency tracks that data nationwide. The FBI doesn't have complete confidence in the official number of midair sexual assaults, because so many cases may go unreported, said Brian Nadeau, assistant special agent in charge with the Baltimore division of the FBI. Investigators believe the numbers are almost certainly much higher. The Association of Flight Attendants-CWA, one of the world's largest flight attendant unions, surveyed nearly 2,000 flight attendants in 2016 about their experiences with midair sexual assaults. Among those who responded, 1 out of 5 said they received a report of passenger-on-passenger sexual assault while working a flight. • Airlines are under pressure to provide separate women’s seating to combat the lecherous spread of male passengers over the dividing armrests, amid a surge in midair sexual assaults. And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best Mahomed Yasser Yunus Hussen Student Darul Iftaa Mozambique Checked and Approved by, Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
  6. ASSALAMU ALAIKUM 12 Jumaadiyuth Thaani 1440 (18 February 2019) Of more importance than the five things is to abstain from the haraam university. The items should preferably be kept with one at all times. Was-salaam A.S.Desai Mujlisul Ulama of S.A.
  7. Abu Hafsat

    Perpetual Zikr

    As-Salaam alaikum, Thanks for the above post... quite a reminder to us all. Indeed, keeping the heart such that it is always Remembering Allah Ta'ala should be every Muslim's concern and/or priority. To make Zikr in our heart, to read Holy Qur'an and Holy Hadith, to remember Allah's Name, to visit the sick or homeless is all Zikrullah; any good amal is Zikrullah....
  8. ummitaalib

    Sayyidina Uthmaan (RA)

    Part Forty Four When Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) commenced dictating the letter and he reached the point where the name of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was going to be written, he fell unconscious before he could mention the name of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) immediately continued the letter for Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) by writing, “I have appointed ‘Umar, the son of Khattaab, as the Khalifah over you.” On regaining consciousness, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said to Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), “Read to me what you have written.” Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thus read the sentence in which Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was appointed as the Khalifah. Hearing this, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) exclaimed, “Allahu Akbar! I see that you feared that if I had passed away while unconscious, before the name of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) could be written, people could have differed regarding the Khilaafah. May Allah Ta‘ala reward you well on behalf of Islam and the Muslims (for writing the name of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) as I also feel that he is the most worthy for the Khilaafah after my demise). I take an oath in the name of Allah! You have the capability of becoming the Khalifah!” Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then instructed for the letter to be sealed and thereafter handed it to Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) to read to the people. Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) went to the people with Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and Hazrat Usaid bin Sa‘eed Al-Qurazi (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and said to them, “Will you pledge allegiance to the person who has been appointed as the Khalifah in this letter?” The people said yes, and Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) further said, “We know whose name is contained in the letter – it is Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu).” The other people also expressed their desire that Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) be appointed as the Khalifah, and they all happily and wholeheartedly pledged allegiance at his hands. (Hayaatus Sahaabah 2/ 31-33)
  9. Wa'alaykumus salaam warahmatullaah hmmm best to ask a person of knowledge for correct understanding bint e Aisha
  10. Detailed Fiqh of Menstruation Course Mufti Abdur-Rahman Mangera will be teaching an advanced course on the Fiqh of Menstruation. The course will cover ‘Allama Ibn ‘Abidin’s commentary of Imam Birgivi’s detailed menstruation manual (Dhukhr al-Muta’ahhilin). The class will facilitate a solid understanding of the issues related to menstruation and is well-suited for those who have found the subject elusive and difficult to fully comprehend. The course is aimed at creating a specialisation in this field and help provide the ability and expertise to assist others. Classes will begin on Monday 25th February 2019 and will run from Monday to Thursday for approximately 4 to 6 weeks. Instructor: Mufti Abdur-Rahman Mangera Start Date: Monday 25th February 2019 Duration: 4 to 6 Weeks Students will have access to the course material and recordings until 5 May 2019 Cost: £49.00 Times: Mondays to Thursdays from 11.30am to 1:00pm British Standard Time (6.30am to 8am US Eastern Time) Venue: Whitethread Institute 329-333 High Street (2nd floor) Stratford London E15 2TF (former site of Interlink College) The course is available online and onsite with recordings available for students in different time zones who cannot attend live. REGISTER HERE
  11. Assalamu alaikum warahmatullah What is meant by travelling here? I go to university daily so should I keep these things in my bag to fulfil the sunnah? Can you please help Aapa Ummitaalib.
  12. Bint e Aisha

    Valuable Islamic Quotes

    "Be like walking feet. The foot infront has no pride and the foot behind is not ashamed, because both know their situation will change."
  13. Earlier
  14. Bint e Aisha

    Mufti Ebrahim Desai HA - Audio Lessons

    Love a person for the pleasure of Allah | Mufti Ebrahim Desai Saheb
  15. Being More Concerned of One’s Reformation than the Reformation of Others Hazrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) once mentioned: There is a great need for each person to be concerned about his own reformation and to correct his actions. Nowadays, we find that people have fallen into the sickness of worrying about other people’s weaknesses while they are unconcerned about their own reformation. This can be compared to a person who is more concerned about looking after the shoes of others while his own shoes and luggage get stolen due to him being unconcerned about them. How foolish is the action of such a person! (Malfoozaat Hakeemul Ummat 23/56) Source: Ihyaauddeen.co.za
  16. ummitaalib

    Sayyidina Uthmaan (RA)

    Part Forty Three When Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was in his final illness, he dictated the following letter to Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) in which he appointed Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) as the Khalifah after him: Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem This is the instruction of Abu Bakr, the son of Abu Quhaafah, at the very end of his life in this world, while exiting the world and entering the life of the Hereafter, and he is close to reaching the point (of the throes of death, wherein the signs of the Hereafter become clear to a person and) where a kaafir will wish that he had brought Imaan, a sinner realizes and gains full conviction of his condition, and a liar will wish to become truthful. I have appointed ‘Umar, the son of Khattaab, as the Khalifah over you. You should thus listen to him and express complete obedience to him, for indeed I have not fallen short in fulfilling my obligation to Allah, His Rasul (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), His deen, and the right I owe to myself and to you, in appointing the best person over you who is most worthy of the Khilaafah from the people. If he rules with justice then that is what I expect of him and that is what I know of him, and if he changes his ways ( after I leave this world, and becomes evil and oppressive) then each man will have to bear the sin that he earns. It is only goodness that I intended in appointing him, and I do not have knowledge of the unseen. وَسَيَعْلَمُ ٱلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوٓا۟ أَىَّ مُنقَلَبٍ يَنقَلِبُونَ The wrongdoers will soon come to know to what end they will return Was salaamu ‘alaikum warahmatullah To be continued Insha Allah (Hayaatus Sahaabah 2/ 31)
  17. 1. Objective of visiting the graveyard. When one visits a graveyard, his intention should be to remind himself of death and life after death and to jolt oneself to prepare for that. Rasulullah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) has said; كُنْتُ نَهَيْتُكُمْ عَنْ زِيَارَةِ الْقُبُورِ، فَزُورُوهَا؛ فَإِنَّهَا تُزَهِّدُ فِي الدُّنْيَا، وَتُذَكِّرُ الْآخِرَةَ سنن ابن ماجه (1/ 501) “I had prohibited you from visiting the graveyard, now visit it because it (the visiting) withdraws one from the world and reminds of the hereafter”. (Sunan Ibne Majah). 2. When one enters the graveyard he should read; [1] السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ أَهْلَ الدِّيَارِ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمِينَ، وَإِنَّا، إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ لَلَاحِقُونَ، أَسْأَلُ اللهَ لَنَا وَلَكُمُ الْعَافِيَةَ Transliteration: Assalamulaykum ahlad diyaar minal mu`mineen wal muslimeen. Wa inna in sha Allahu bikum lahikuun. As`alullaha lana walakumul aafiyah Translation: Peace be on you, O beleivering dwellers of this dwelling, soon when Allah wishes we shall meet together. I ask Allah A`fiyya for us and for you. 3. One should give due respect to the deceased as he would have given him when he was alive, Rasulullah(salallahu alayhi wa sallam) has mentioned; "كَسْرُ عَظْمِ الْمَيِّتِ كَكَسْرِهِ حَيًّا" سنن ابن ماجه ت الأرنؤوط (2/ 541) “Breaking the bone of a deceased is like breaking his bone whilst he was alive” (Sunan Ibne Majah) 4. One should abstain from trampling any grave as we have been warned against it in a Hadith; نَهَى النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنْ تُجَصَّصَ القُبُورُ، وَأَنْ يُكْتَبَ عَلَيْهَا، وَأَنْ يُبْنَى عَلَيْهَا، وَأَنْ تُوطَأَ. سنن الترمذي ت بشار (2/ 359) “Nabi (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) has prohibited that graves be solidified, something be written on them, something be built on it or it be trampled” (Sunan-at-Tirmidhi) 5. One should abstain from sitting on a grave as Nabi (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) has said; «لَأَنْ يَجْلِسَ أَحَدُكُمْ عَلَى جَمْرَةٍ فَتُحْرِقَ ثِيَابَهُ، فَتَخْلُصَ إِلَى جِلْدِهِ، خَيْرٌ لَهُ مِنْ أَنْ يَجْلِسَ عَلَى قَبْرٍ» صحيح مسلم (2/ 667) (It is better that one of you sits on a burning amber and it burns his clothes and gets on his skin than sitting on a grave). (Saheeh Muslim) We can see the severity of sitting on graves from this hadith. 6. One should make as much dua, istigfaar and tilaawat as he wishes and make the intention that the reward of that reading be a gift for the deceased (this will not decrease the reward of the reader himself). N.B a person can make an intention that the reward be passed to all muslims who have passed away.[2] 7. It is preferable one reads Sura Yaseen, Sura Mulk, Sura Fatiha, Sura Zilzaal, Sura Takaathur, Sura Ikhlaas and Ayatul Kursi. 8. One should abstain from talking anything about worldly things, since the graveyard is a place to remind one of death and the hereafter. 9. One may raise his hands and make dua as long as raising the hands does not resemble those who worship graves. If making dua creates such an impression, face the qibla when making dua. 10. When visiting the graveyard, one should use the opportunity to make Tawba, Istigfaar and to reform oneself. Think of the day one will be placed in the Qabr (grave). As much as the deceased appreciate our visiting them and sending thawaab, a person should make his own preparation for death whilst he is alive. And Allah Ta`ala Knows Best. Hussein Muhammad. Student Darul Iftaa Arusha, Tanzania Checked and Approved by: Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
  18. ummitaalib

    Seerah Series

    Seerah Series Part 8: Battle of Ahzaab The Battle of the Ditch took place in Shawwal 5 A.H. It was a decisive battle but it presented to the Muslims grave trials that they had not previously experienced. Allah says in the Qur’an: When they came against you from above you and from below you, and when your eyes swerved and your hearts reached your throats, and you thought thoughts about Allah; there it was that the believers were tried, and shaken most mightily. (33: 11) The Jews instigated these hostilities. People from the Banu’n-Nadir and the Banu Wa’il went to the Quraysh in Makkah, calling on them to fight the Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah. The Quraysh who had already experienced war with the Prophet were reluctant to get involved again. However, the Jewish delegation painted such a rosy picture of the outcome that they agreed to co-operate. ‘We will support you,’ the Jews promised, ‘until you obliterate him.’ That delighted the Quraysh. They were eager to carry out the Jews’ ideas. They gathered their forces and prepared for battle. The Jewish delegation then went to the Ghatafan tribes and invited them to join the Quraysh. After the Ghatafan agreed to join in, they went to other tribes, presenting them with the same plan backed by the Quraysh. Thus an alliance was formed between the Quraysh, the Jews, and the Ghatafan against the Muslims. Certain conditions were drawn up. The Quraysh had to gather four thousand fighters and the Ghatafan six thousand, making ten thousand in all. This vast army was to be commanded by Abu Sufyan ibn Harb. The Jews agreed to give one year’s harvest of Khaybar to the Ghatafan to compensate them for their military expenses. WISDOM IS THE LOST PROPERTY OF THE BELIEVER: The Muslims decided to fortify themselves in Madinah and defend the city. Their army numbered less than three thousand so Salman al-Farsi suggested that a ditch should be dug around the city for protection. ‘In Persia,’ Salman said, ‘when we feared invaders, we would dig a ditch around us to keep them at bay.‘ The Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah agreed to his suggestion and a ditch was dug on the exposed side from where they feared the enemy would attack. The Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah planned the work and assigned forty cubits of digging to each group of ten Muslims. The length of the ditch was about five thousand cubits and its depth varied between seven and ten cubits. Its width was at least nine cubits. THE SPIRIT OF EQUALITY AND MUTUAL SUPPORT AMONG THE MUSLIMS: The Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah helped to dig the ditch and encouraged the Muslims working alongside him. Although it was bitterly cold and food was in short supply, the work proceeded smoothly. Abu Talhah said, ‘We complained to the Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah of hunger and we showed him the stones that we had tied round our bellies to ease the pain. Then the Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah showed us that he had two stones on his belly.’ In spite of all this they were happy, praising Allah and chanting poems. No one complained or expressed any regrets. Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, ‘The Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah went out to the ditch when the Muhajirun and Ansar were digging in the bitterly cold morning air. They had no slaves to do it for them. Seeing their state of fatigue and hunger, he said: O Allah! True life is the life of the Next World. So forgive the Ansar and the Muhajirun. In response they said: We are those who have given homage to Muhammad. To fight in jihad as long as we have life. The Muslims came upon a large rock which their picks could not shift. When they complained to the Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah about it, he took up a pick, saying, ‘In the name of Allah.’ His first blow broke off a third of the rock and sent sparks flying. ‘Allah is greater!’ he said, ‘I have been given the keys of Syria. By Allah, I see its red castles, if Allah wills.‘ He struck at the rock a second time and another third broke off. ‘Allah is greater. I have been given the keys of Persia and, by Allah, I see the white castles of al-Mada’in. With his third blow, he invoked the name of Allah and the rest of the rock shattered. ‘Allah is greater!’ he exclaimed, ‘Allah is greater! I have been given the keys of the Yemen. By Allah, I see the gates of San’a’ from here. PROPHETIC MIRACLES: A number of miracles were witnessed by the Companions at this time. Once when the ground was too hard to dig in part of the ditch, the Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah called for some water, spat into it and prayed a supplication willed by Allah. When he poured the water over the hard ground, it became soft like sand. On other occasions, a great blessing would appear when a small amount of food could satisfy a large number of Muslims or even be sufficient for an entire army of three thousand workers. “When they came to you from above you and from beneath you” The Muslims had scarcely finished work on the ditch when the Quraysh and the Ghatafan arrived and pitched camp outside Madinah with ten thousand warriors. The Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah assembled his three thousand Muslims, keeping the ditch between them and the enemy. A treaty existed between the Muslims and the Madinan Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayzah. Huyayy ibn Akhtab, the chief of Banu’n-Nadir encouraged the Jews to break the treaty. When the Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah heard of this, he realised that it was a serious setback and everyone feared the consequences. Some of the hypocrites displayed their hypocrisy openly. The Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah even considered making a treaty with the Ghatafan, giving them one-third of Madinah’s dates in order to make things easier for the Ansar who always bore the greatest hardships during wars. He rejected that option after Sa’d ibn Mu’adh and Sa’d ibn ‘Ubadah advised him to remain firm, upright and resolute before the enemy and to refuse any compromise. ‘Messenger of Allah,’ they said, ‘We and these people all used to associate other things with Allah and worship idols; none of us worshipped nor recognised Allah. They would not eat a single date except through hospitality or purchase. Now that Allah has honoured us with Islam and guided us to it and made us mighty by you and Himself, shall we still give them our property? By Allah, we have no need to and, by Allah, we will not give them anything but the sword until Allah decides between us and them.‘ QURAYSH CAVALRY: The Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah and the Muslims remained besieged by their enemies but no fighting took place. However, some of the mounted Quraysh galloped their horses up to the edge of the ditch. When they saw the ditch, they Said, ‘By Allah, this is a device which the Arabs have never used!’ Then, having found the narrowest part, they beat their horses until they jumped over the ditch into the territory of Madinah. Among them was the famous horseman Amr ibn Abd Wudd who was said to be the equal of a thousand horsemen. He stopped and asked, ‘Who will face me?’ Ali ibn Abi Talib sprang forward and said, ‘Amr! You swore by Allah that if a man of the Quraysh offered you two alternatives, you would accept one of them!’ ‘Yes, I did.’ ‘I call you to Allah and to His Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) and to Islam,’ Ali said. ‘I have no need of that.’ ‘Then I call on you to encounter me.’ ‘Nephew,’ said Amr to Ali, ‘By Allah, I do not want to kill you.’ ‘But, by Allah,’ Ali replied, ‘I want to kill you.’ Amr was so furious that he leapt from his horse, hamstrung it, and slapped its face. Then he advanced on Ali who fought back. They circled one another, thrusting and parrying. Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) eventually beheaded Amr with a sweeping blow of his sword. The other horsemen rapidly retreated back across the ditch. A MOTHER ENCOURAGING HER SON TO FIGHT AND GAIN MARTYRDOM: Before the veil was prescribed, A’ishah, Umm al-Mu’minin, said that she was with the Muslim women in the fortress of Banu Harithah when, ‘Sa’d ibn Mu’adh passed by wearing armour so short that his forearm was exposed. He was chanting some verses and his mother called, “Catch up, my son. By Allah, you are late.” ‘ A’ishah continued, ‘I said to her, “Umm Sa’d, I wish Sa’d’s armour were longer than that.” What A’ishah feared took place. Sa’d ibn Mu’adh was hit by an arrow which severed a vein causing excessive bleeding. He died a martyr in the subsequent battle with the Banu Qurayzah. TO ALLAH BELONG THE ARMIES OF THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH: Their enemies laid siege to the Muslims for about a month. They invaded all the surrounding areas creating great hardship. The hypocrites showed their true colours; some even asked the Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah if they could go into Madinah because they had left their houses unlocked. In reality, they only wanted to flee from the battlefront. While the Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah and his Companions kept a close watch on the enemy besieging them, Nu’aym ibn Mas’ud from the Ghatafan came up to him to say, ‘Messenger of Allah, I have become a Muslim but my people do not know that. Tell me what you want me to do and I will do whatever you wish.’ The Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah replied, ‘You are the only Muslim there, so stay among our enemies and try to help us in whatever way you can. War is a clever device.’ Nu’aym ibn Mas’ud then went to the Banu Qurayzah and aroused doubts in their minds about their position. He mentioned their alliance with the Quraysh and Ghatafan who were distant tribes, and their antagonism towards the Muhajirun and Ansar who were their close neighbours. He suggested they should not fight alongside the Quraysh and Ghatafan until they had taken some leaders as hostages for security. They answered, ‘You have given us good advice.’ When he went to talk to the Quraysh, he told them that the Jews were regretting what they had done and would be asking for some of their leaders to be held hostage as security that the treaty would not be broken. He also said that when they handed them over to the Prophet and his Companions, they would strike off their heads. Then he told the Ghatafan the same story as he had told the Quraysh. The seeds of distrust that he planted in their minds put the two groups on their guard and made them angry with the Jews. A split developed between the allies as a result, and each of them feared the others. When Abu Sufyan and the leaders of the Ghatafan were ready to fight a decisive battle with the Muslims, the Jews put it off, demanding hostages from both sides first. The Quraysh and Ghatafan were convinced that Nu’aym ibn Mas’ud had told them the truth so they refused to grant the Jews’ request. The Jews were also convinced that he had told them the truth. Thus their distrust of each other broke their unity and they split up. Allah supported His Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) by causing a hurricane to blow during the cold wintry nights. It blew down the enemy’s tents and overturned their cooking-pots. The men were disheartened. Abu Sufyan got up and said, ‘Company of Quraysh! By Allah, we are not in a permanent camp. The horses and camels are dying. The Banu Qurayzah have broken their promise to us and we have heard things about them which we dislike. We have suffered from the harshness of the wind as you can see and we are left without a cooking pot, or a fire. Not even a tent is standing up. Leave now, for I am going.’ Abu Sufyan went to his camel which was hobbled and mounted it. He beat it but did not unhobble it until it was standing. When the Ghatafan heard that the Quraysh had departed, they also left. The Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah was standing in prayer when his spy, Hudhayfah ibn al-’Yaman, informed him of what had taken place. In the morning the Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah left the ditch and returned to Madinah. All the Muslims followed him, laying down their weapons. Allah Almighty spoke the truth: O you who believe, remember Allah’s blessing on you when hosts came against you, and We loosed against them a wind, and hosts you did not see. Allah sees what you do. (33: 9) and, Allah sent back those that were unbelievers in their rage and they attained no good. Allah spared the believers of fighting. Surely Allah is Strong, Mighty. (33: 25) The hardships of war were over and the Quraysh never again returned to fight the Muslims. The Messenger(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) of Allah said, ‘The Quraysh will never raid you after this year. Rather you will raid them. Seven Muslims were martyred on the Day of the Ditch while four idol-worshippers were killed by the Muslims. everymuslim
  19. سکینت والی آیات۔ ۔ ۔ جو غم، کمزوری اور بے قراری دور کرتی ہیں ابن القیم رحمہ اللہ فرماتے ہیں: جب کبھی شیخ الاسلام ابنِ تیمیہ رحمہ اللہ پر معاملات شدت اختیار کر لیتے (مشکلات آتیں) تو وہ آیاتِ سکینہ کی تلاوت فرماتے۔ ایک بار انہیں ایک حیرت انگیز اورناقابل فہم واقعہ انکی بیماری میں پیش آیا جب شیطانی ارواح کمزوری کی حالت میں ان پر غالب آئیں، میں نے انہیں کہتےسنا، وہ فرماتے ہیں، "جب یہ معاملہ زیادہ زور پکڑ گیا تو میں نے اپنے رشتے داروں اور ارد گرد کے لوگوں سے کہا، "آیاتِ سکینہ پڑھو"۔ کہتے ہیں، "پھر میری یہ کیفیت ختم ہو گئی، اور میں اٹھ کر بیٹھ گیا ( ٹھیک ہو گیا) اور مجھے کوئی بیماری باقی نہ رہی"۔ اسی طرح، میں نے بھی اضطراب قلب دور کرنے کے لئے ان آیات کی تلاوت کا تجربہ کیا۔ اور حقیقتاً اس میں سکون اور اطمینان کے حوالے سے بڑی تاثیر پائی۔ سکینت اصل میں وہ اطمینان، وقار اور سکون ہے جو اللہ اپنے بندے کے دل پر اس وقت اُتارتا ہے جب وہ شدتِ خوف کی وجہ سے لاحق اضطراب کے باوجود اس سے خفا نہیں ہوتا۔ اور اِس سے اُس کے ایمان، قوتِ یقین اور مثبت سوچ میں اضافہ ہوتا ہے۔ تہذیب مدارج السالکین از ابن القیّم رحِمهُ اللّٰه (باب: منزلة السکینة، ج: 2، ص: 502) آیات سکینۃ یہ ہیں: 1- ( وَقَالَ لَهُمْ نِبِيّهُمْ إِنّ آيَةَ مُلْكِهِ أَن يَأْتِيَكُمُ التّابُوتُ فِيهِ سَكِينَةٌ مّن رّبّكُمْ وَبَقِيّةٌ مّمّا تَرَكَ آلُ مُوسَىَ وَآلُ هَارُونَ تَحْمِلُهُ الْمَلآئِكَةُ إِنّ فِي ذَلِكَ لاَيَةً لّكُمْ إِن كُنْتُـم مّؤْمِنِينَ) [البقرة: 248] 1- اور ان کے نبی نے ان سے فرمایا کہ اس کی بادشاہت کی علامت یہ ہو گی کہ تمہارے پاس وہ تابوت (واپس) آجائے گا جس میں تمہارے رب کی طرف سے تسکین بھی ہے اور آل موسیٰ اور آلِ ہارون کے چھوڑے ہوئے بقیہ جات بھی ہیں جسے فرشتے اٹھائے ہوئے ہوں گے۔ یقینا اس میں تمہارے لیے ایک (بڑی) نشانی ہے اگر تم ایمان لانے والے ہو۔ [البقرہ : 248] 2- ( ثُمّ أَنَزلَ اللّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَىَ رَسُولِهِ وَعَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَأَنزَلَ جُنُوداً لّمْ تَرَوْهَا وَعذّبَ الّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَذَلِكَ جَزَآءُ الْكَافِرِينَ) [التوبة:26] 2- پھر اللہ (سبحانہ و تعالیٰ) نے اپنے رسول اور مومنوں پر اپنی سکینت نازل کی اور ایسے لشکر بھیجے جنہیں تم نہیں دیکھ سکتے تھے، اور کافروں کو عذاب دیا، اور کافروں کا یہی بدلہ ہے [التوبہ : 26] 3- ( إِلاّ تَنصُرُوهُ فَقَدْ نَصَرَهُ اللّهُ إِذْ أَخْرَجَهُ الّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ ثَانِيَ اثْنَيْنِ إِذْ هُمَا فِي الْغَارِ إِذْ يَقُولُ لِصَاحِبِهِ لاَ تَحْزَنْ إِنّ اللّهَ مَعَنَا فَأَنزَلَ اللّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَيّدَهُ بِجُنُودٍ لّمْ تَرَوْهَا وَجَعَلَ كَلِمَةَ الّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ السّفْلَىَ وَكَلِمَةُ اللّهِ هِيَ الْعُلْيَا وَاللّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ) [التوبة:40] 3- اگر تم اسکی مدد نہیں کرو گے تو اللّٰہ (سبحانہ وتعالیٰ) اسکی مدد اسوقت بھی کر چکے ہیں جب انہیں کافروں نے نکال دیا تھا، جب وہ ان دو میں سے ایک تھا۔ جب وہ دونوں غار میں تھے، اسوقت وہ اپنے ساتھی سے کہہ رہا تھا "غم نہ کرو، بے شک اللہ ہمارے ساتھ ہے"، تو اللّٰہ نے اس پر اپنی سکینت اتار دی اور نظر نہ آنے والے لشکروں کے ذریعے اس کی مدد فرمائی اور کافروں کی بات کو پست کر دکھایا اور اللہ ہی کی بات بلند ہے اور اللّٰہ بہت زبردست، خوب حکمت والا ہے [التوبہ : 40] 4- ( هُوَ الّذِيَ أَنزَلَ السّكِينَةَ فِي قُلُوبِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ لِيَزْدَادُوَاْ إِيمَاناً مّعَ إِيمَانِهِمْ وَلِلّهِ جُنُودُ السّمَاوَاتِ وَالأرْضِ وَكَانَ اللّهُ عَلِيماً حَكِيماً ) [الفتح:4] 4- وہی ذات ہے جس نے مومنوں کے دلوں میں سکینت اتاری تاکہ وہ اپنے ایمان میں اضافہ کریں اور اللّٰہ ہی کے لیے زمین و آسمان کے لشکر ہیں اور اللّٰہ تعالیٰ بہت علم والا، خوب حکمت والا ہے [الفتح : 4] 5- ( لّقَدْ رَضِيَ اللّهُ عَنِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذْ يُبَايِعُونَكَ تَحْتَ الشّجَرَةِ فَعَلِمَ مَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ فَأنزَلَ السّكِينَةَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَثَابَهُمْ فَتْحاً قَرِيباً ) [الفتح:18] 5- اللہ تعالیٰ ان مومنین سے اسی وقت راضی ہو چکا تھا جب وہ درخت کے نیچے بیعت کر رہے تھے، وہ ان کے دلوں کے حال سے واقف تھا، پھر اس نے ان پر سکینت اتاری اور قریبی فتح سے ہم کنار کیا [الفتح : 18] 6-( إِذْ جَعَلَ الّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ فِي قُلُوبِهِمُ الْحَمِيّةَ حَمِيّةَ الْجَاهِلِيّةِ فَأَنزَلَ اللّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَىَ رَسُولِهِ وَعَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَأَلْزَمَهُمْ كَلِمَةَ التّقْوَىَ وَكَانُوَاْ أَحَقّ بِهَا وَأَهْلَهَا وَكَانَ اللّهُ بِكُلّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيماً ) [الفتح:26] 6- جب کافروں نے اپنے دلوں میں جاہلیت والی ضد پال لی تو اللّٰہ تعالیٰ نے اپنے رسول اور مومنوں پر اپنی سکینت اتاری اور انکو تقوی کی بات پر جما دیا جس کے وہ سب سے زیادہ حقدار اور اہل تھے، اور اللّٰہ ہر چیز کو خوب جاننے والا ہے [الفتح : 26]
  20. Bint e Aisha

    Sunlight – Avoid or Bask in?

    Sunlight – Avoid or Bask in? QUESTION Here is something that has confused me for some time. One hadith advising us to avoid direct sunlight and other advice not to avoid sunshine as it is our bath. Could you please elaborate on how one should look at these two hadith and act on the sunnah in the proper manner. Jazaakumullah Avoid direct sunlight Rasulullaah (SAW) advised people to avoid sitting in direct sunlight because it spoils the clothing, causes a person to smell with perspiration and also causes suppressed illness to surface [Mustadrak 8264, from Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas (RA)] Hadhrat Umar Ibn Khattaab (Radhiyallahu anhu), wrote a letter to all his governors in distant lands in which he ordered the Muslims with two essential acts: 1. Do not avoid sunshine. Sunshine is our bath. 2. Do not mount your horses like the Ajam (kuffaar). ANSWER The hadith discouraging sunlight applies to excessive exposure. Sitting and sleeping in sunlight for prolonged periods are harmful. Even western experts have warned of the deceases prolonged sun-tanning can cause. The type of exposing the body to sunlight as is the practice of western kuffaar on beaches where they lag in the sun for tanning purposes is harmful. On the other hand, hadhrat Umar Radhiallahu Anhu’s advice relates to everyday work and activity. His advice was for the Sahabah who had settled in fertile lands where the way of life was comfortable, unlike the difficult harsh conditions of Makkah and Madinah. He was cautioning the Sahabah of becoming accustomed to the easy and comfortable way of life of the Ajam. They were primarily on Jihaad campaigns which required a robust lifestyle. Addiction of the comforts of the Ajam lifestyle would impact negatively on their Jihaad campaigns in rough weather conditions. His advice was simply to maintain the rugged lifestyle of the desert which was their home. [Answered by Hazrat Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai] Taken from reliablefatwas.com
  21. ummitaalib

    Remember Death

    Dislike for Death Hazrat Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Daamat Barakaatuhu) mentioned: When Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) explained to the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) that a time will come when the disbelieving nations will invite each other to attack the Muslim Ummah like how people are invited to a meal, they asked the reason for this. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) explained two problems: (1) Love of this world, and (2) Dislike for death. Unfortunately, this is the condition we find ourselves facing. This is what needs to be remedied and thereafter all our problems will be solved. One way of remedying this is to frequently think of death for at least 15 – 20 minutes daily. If we become afraid at the thought of death and the spectacle of the grave etc. then think of the great rewards in Jannat.
  22. ummitaalib

    Dua For Exam

    Wa'alaykumus salaam warahmatullaah Insha-allah will do. Allah ta'ala grant you and studentsease and 'ilmun naafi'ah and success of both worlds, aameen
  23. Bint e Aisha

    Dua For Exam

    Assalamu alaikum aapa, Final exams starting in three days, please keep me in duas.
  24. ummitaalib

    Waleemah (Wedding Feast)

    Is a bring and share Walima permissible? Q. Is a bring and share Walima permissible where every person brings food to share at a Walima? (Question published as received) A. There is no prohibition in bringing and sharing food at a Walima to assist the groom or his family in hosting a Walima. This following is part of a Hadith relating to Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam's marriage to Sayyidatuna Safiyya Radhiyallahu Anha as recorded in Sahih Bukhari: Sayyiduna Abdul Azzi Bin Suhaib Radhiyallahu Anhu reports from Sayyiduna Anas Radhiyallahu Anhu, “…, whilst on the way, Umm Sulaim Radhiyallahu Anha dressed her (Sayyidatuna Safiyya Radhiyallahu Anha) for the marriage (ceremony) and at night sent her as a bride to Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam said, 'Whoever has anything (food) should bring it.' He spread out a leather sheet (for the food) and some brought dates and others brought butter. So they prepared a dish of Hais (a kind of meal) and that was the Walima (the marriage banquet) of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam! And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best Mufti Ismaeel Bassa Confirmation: Mufti Ebrahim Desai Fatwa Department Jamiatul Ulama (KZN)
  25. Bint e Aisha

    Perpetual Zikr

    Perpetual Zikr (English with Urdu Translation) Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Your tongue should remain ever fresh with Thikrullah.” The Name of Allah Ta’ala has to be compulsorily on the tongue of the Mu’min throughout the day. When retiring for the night, fall asleep with Allah’s Thikr. Then every breath will be recorded as a Tasbeeh, and an Angel will guard you throughout the night. Perpetual Thikr is not the customary, bid’ah forms of ‘halqah’ (circle) thikr sessions which some miscreant fake ‘sufis’ conduct in the public in Musaajid to lure and impress the public. Perpetual Thikr is to constantly keep the tongue moving with Thikr – any form – preferably Laa ilaha il lallaah. Ultimately, such thikr of the tongue will become embedded and entrenched in the heart. The heart will then become alert and remain wakeful in Allah’s remembrance. The heart will then be adorned with Noor. Be constant with Thikr whilst walking, sitting, working and in all walks of life. Such Thikrullah will create an aversion for futile talk, leave alone sinful conversation. Do not be concerned if you do not perceive any emotional effect of the Thikr on your heart. Your obligation is to engage in Thikrullah. The effects of spiritual sweetness, pleasure and tenderness of the heart are beyond one’s power of acquisition. Such effects are bounties which Allah Ta’ala awards according to His Will and Wisdom. Be concerned with issues within your volitional control. The emotional effect is also largely reliant on the manner in which one conducts one’s daily life. A person who soils his eyes, ears, mind, etc. with whatsapp, facebook, television, staring at ghair mahaareem, etc., etc., should not expect any emotional state for his Thikr. Nevertheless, despite his indulgence in these evils, he should not abandon Thikrullaah. Constancy in Thikrullaah will, Insha-Allah, ultimately create an aversion for these activities of sin. The Qur’aan Majeed says: “I have not created jinn and man except that they worship Me.” Thus Thikrullaah is the primary objective for which Allah Ta’ala has created us. All other activities such as Jihad, Tableegh, Knowledge, and every other laudable deed are all secondary in relation to Thikrullaah. [By Hazrat Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai] Taken from Reliable fatwas
  26. Question: My older sister does not cover her face and she puts on perfume and goes out. I called her a fasiqah. Was i wrong? If a person younger than me commits an open sin and i call them a faasiq, is it ok? How does the Shariah deal with open sinners? If, for example, your ustaads or parents do open sins then how should you deal with them or your children or students? Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, The Most Merciful. As-salaamu `alaykum wa-ramatullahi wa-barakatuh. There are two issues in your query. · Reference to a wrong practise and reference to the wrong doer. · Attitude and conduct towards the wrong doer. While a sinful act does constitute fisq (transgression) and a sinful person is a faasiq (transgressor), that does not imply that one should address a sinful person as a faasiq. Allah advises us to correct and guide people with wisdom, love and care. See the following verses of the Qur`an; {ادْعُ إِلَى سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ } [النحل: 125] “Call to the path of your Rabb with wisdom and good counsel”. (Suratun Nahl, Verse 125). {فَقُولَا لَهُ قَوْلًا لَيِّنًا لَعَلَّهُ يَتَذَكَّرُ أَوْ يَخْشَى} [طه: 44] “Speak to him with soft (kind) words, perhaps he may take heed or he may fear”. (Sura Taha, Verse 44) Accordingly, it was against wisdom and softness to call your sister faasiqah. It is advisable to show love and care and win the love of a person before advising the person. Changing and reforming one is not only a duty, it is a skill and an art. The focus is on making one practice rather than merely informing what is right and wrong. And Allah Ta`ala Knows Best. Hussein Muhammad. Student Darul Iftaa Arusha, Tanzania Checked and Approved by: Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
  27. Closing Doors To Open More “But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; and perhaps you love a thing and it is bad for you. And Allah Knows, while you know not.” (Surah Baqarah; V:216) The great scholar Ibn al-Qayyim (Rahimahullah) said, “You should busy yourself doing what has been demanded of you, not what has been guaranteed for you. Provision and Death are two matters that are destined and finalized; so long as the time of death does not arrive, the provision will continue to come.” And if Allah closes one of its paths for a wisdom which He alone knows, He will – out of His mercy – open another path for you which is even more beneficial. Ponder the state of the embryo, how it is fed from the blood of the mother through one path; the umbilical cord. Once it is born and that path is closed, two other paths – the breasts – are opened for him through which nourishment is now provided, except that it’s more delicious than what he used to receive from the first path. Thereafter, these two paths are closed upon weaning the child, but four paths of nourishment replace them which are more perfect for the human being; two food (animal and vegetation) and two drink (water and milk). Eventually, these four paths are also closed by a person dying. However, Allah will open – if he is an inhabitant of Paradise – eight paths in their stead; the eight gates of Paradise, to enter from whichever of them he pleases. In this fashion, Allah does not prevent His slave from attaining any worldly matter, except to give him something better and more beneficial than it. No one enjoys this privilege except the believer; Allah deprives him of acquiring the lower in order to grant him the higher. But due to man’s ignorance of what is actually good for him, and the wisdom, generosity, and kindness of his Creator, he isn’t able to differentiate between what he has been prevented from and what has been preserved for him. On the contrary, he is deeply attracted to the immediate things, even if they may be inferior, and hardly yearns for what has been deferred for him, even if they are superior. If man were just with his Creator – he is not so – he would realize the favour of Allah upon him via the worldly enjoyment that He deprived him of, and it being far greater than what He gave him of its enjoyment. Indeed, He only deprived him in order to give him, and He only afflicted him in order to heal him, and He only tested him to strengthen his bond with his Creator, and He only put him to death in order to elevate him, and He only removed him from this worldly life in order to meet Him.” Extracted from Al-Fawâ’id, by Ibn al-Qayyim Jamiatul Ulama (KZN) Council of Muslim Theologians
  28. Can a woman in the state of Haidh touch any Islamic literature? Q. Can a woman in the state of Haidh touch a book of Tafseer, Hadith, Duas or any book of Islamic literature? (Question published as received) A.It is permissible for a woman in the state of menses (Haidh) to read or touch any book except the Holy Quran. Therefore, a woman in menses may read or touch books of Tafseer, Hadith, Duas and Islamic literature in general. This ruling is subject to the content of Quran being lesser than the content of Tafseer, Hadith, Duas and Islamic literature. In such a case, it will not be permissible for a woman in menses to touch the printed verses of the Holy Quran. If, however, the content on Quran is more, then it will follow the ruling of touching the Quran i.e. it will not be permissible to touch it without Wudhu. N.B. In normal circumstances, it is preferable (Mustahab) to touch such books in the state of Wudhu. (Shaami 1/177-Tahtaawi Ala Maraaqil Falaah 1/83-Ahsanul Fataawa 2/71) And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best Mufti Ismaeel Bassa Confirmation: Mufti Ebrahim Desai Fatwa Department Jamiatul Ulama (KZN) Council of Muslim Theologians
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