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9 - الْجَبَّارُ


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الْجَبَّارُ is the superlative form and translated as The Restorer and The Repairer. It is also translated as The Compeller.



At-Tabari says الْجَبَّارُ is The One Who Rectifies the matters of all creation and controls it. 

Arabs used to call their kings Jabbaar so the Adhmat (Greatness) and strength of somebody comes from this word. There are two types of Jabr; one is when a person is weak and broken and to mend and rectify. The word Jabbaar means one who mends broken bones so Jabr is to mend broken bones. Another type of Jabr is to have such control that no one else can have and such height that no one else can reach. 

In Urdu Jabr means to force someone to do something but this word is different. 


In the Qur’an

It is mentioned once in the Qur’an, verse 23 in Surah Hashr.


In Du’a

Many du’a and Hadith contain this word: يا جابِـرَ الْمُنْكَسِرِينَ، - O Mender of the ones who are broken!

وَيا جابِرَ الْعَظْمِ الْكَسِيرِ،
O the Mender of broken bones,

Allah ta’ala is The Compeller. Other people try to compel or make something happen but it does not always happen. It only happens when Allah ta’ala compels it and will it to happen. Namrood tried to stop Ibraheem AS  from spreading his Deen and Ibraheem AS became the father of all the Abrahamic religions. The Mushrikeen tried to stop the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam in  Makkah but he became successful all over Arabia and later spread even further. 

Jabbaar means Allah ta’ala does whatever He wants and no obstacle can stop Him and that is Al-Jabbaar. 



Does not apply to Humans

As mentioned before, some Sifaat only apply to Allah ta’ala and not to humanity. This Sifat is one of them and only applies to Allah ta’ala. For us humans to feel we can dominate, control, force or compel people, is wrong as this is only for Allah ta’ala. 

Allah ta’ala is Ghaalib, He is never Maghloob. Allah ta’ala is Dominant, He is never dominated. Allah ta’ala is Jaabir, He is in control. He is never out of control. 


Use of this Name in Du’a

We should use this name of Allah ta’ala in Du’a to get rid of our sorrows, fears etc. He can turn difficulty into ease, sadness into happiness. 


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