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DhulHijjah 1436: Astronomical Calculations & News

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Asslamo Allaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh,

 

Is Eidul-Adha next day of Hajj for the whole World?   Hadeeth:

 

If the whole world relied on single Moon Sighting it would make the following Hadeeth of Sayyidina Rasul-ullah (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) redundant! How can this be practised if the whole world relied on a single Moon Sighting?

 

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَامِرٍ الْعَقَدِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ سُفْيَانَ الْمَدَنِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي بِلاَلُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، طَلْحَةَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا رَأَى الْهِلاَلَ قَالَ ‏ "‏ اللَّهُمَّ أَهْلِلْهُ عَلَيْنَا بِالْيُمْنِ وَالإِيمَانِ وَالسَّلاَمَةِ وَالإِسْلاَمِ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكَ اللَّهُ ‏ ‏ 

 

Bilal bin Yahya bin Talhah bin `Ubaidullah narrated : from his father, from his grandfather Talhah bin `Ubaidullah that when the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) would see a crescent moon, he would say: “O Allah, bring it over us with blessing and faith, and security and Islam. My Lord and your Lord is Allah (Allāhumma ahlilhu `alainā bil-yumni wal-Īmān, was-salāmati wal-Islām, rabbī wa rabbuk Allāh).”(Reported by Tirmidhi)

  Hanafi Madhab:

 

There are many who propose that the Hanafi Madhab calls for Global Moon Sighting and sighting anywhere on Planet Earth is acceptable. Practically, this is refuted by the practise of Hanafi Scholars of Subcontinent. Hanafees of India/Pakistan not only don’t follow global sighting of any country (on the globe) they don’t even follow the Moon Sighting of each other!

 

 

Nevertheless, if we are to take the opinion of Global Sighting, the Hanafi Madhab clearly excludes all months apart from Ramadhan & Shawwal. The following text clearly outlines the issue for the 10 months and for the month of Dhul-Hijjah in particular:

 

وفى رد المحتار: [تَنْبِيهٌ] يُفْهَمُ مِنْ كَلَامِهِمْ فِي كِتَابِ الْحَجِّ أَنَّ اخْتِلَافَ الْمَطَالِعِ فِيهِ مُعْتَبَرٌ فَلَا يَلْزَمُهُمْ شَيْءٌ لَوْ ظَهَرَ أَنَّهُ رُئِيَ فِي بَلْدَةٍ أُخْرَى قَبْلَهُمْ بِيَوْمٍ وَهَلْ يُقَالُ كَذَلِكَ فِي حَقِّ الْأُضْحِيَّةِ لِغَيْرِ الْحُجَّاجِ؟ لَمْ أَرَهُ وَالظَّاهِرُ نَعَمْ؛ لِأَنَّ اخْتِلَافَ الْمَطَالِعِ إنَّمَا لَمْ يُعْتَبَرْ فِي الصَّوْمِ لِتَعَلُّقِهِ بِمُطْلَقِ الرُّؤْيَةِ، وَهَذَا بِخِلَافِ الْأُضْحِيَّةِ فَالظَّاهِرُ أَنَّهَا كَأَوْقَاتِ الصَّلَوَاتِ يَلْزَمُ كُلَّ قَوْمٍ الْعَمَلُ بِمَا عِنْدَهُمْ فَتُجْزِئُ الْأُضْحِيَّةُ فِي الْيَوْمِ الثَّالِثَ عَشَرَ وَإِنْ كَانَ عَلَى رُؤْيَا غَيْرِهِمْ هُوَ الرَّابِعَ عَشَرَ وَاَللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ

  Shaykh Uthaymeen (RA):

 

 

The correct view is that it varies according to when the moon rises in different places. For example, if the moon is sighted in Makkah, and today is the ninth, and it is sighted elsewhere one day before Makkah, and the day of ‘Arafah in Makkah is the tenth for them, it is not permissible for them to fast on this day because it is Eid. Similarly if it so happens that they sight the moon after Makkah, and the 9th in Makkah is the 8th for them, then they should fast the day that is the 9th for them, which is the 10th in Makkah. This is the correct view, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When you see it (the new moon) fast and when you see it break your fast.” Those who did not see the moon in their own location have not seen it.

 

 

Explanation:

 

English:

 

 

 

 

Arabic:

 

 

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Edited posts to turn videos to audio. Please use the recently added option of "Youtube Audio" in the Special BBCode (Third option from the left)..Jazakallaah

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