ummtaalib Posted June 10, 2013 Report Share Posted June 10, 2013 BISMILLAH HIRRAHMÃ NIRRAHEEM Night Of Barãt A summary of the booklet by Shaykhul Hadith ML. Fazlur Rahman (M.Z.) South Africa.Allah Ta‟ãla has presented His bondsmenwith some special occasions with the goldenopportunity of earning the mercy and forgivenessof Allah. Explicit examples of these occasions arethe month of Ramadhãn and Laylatul Qadr. So isthe fifteenth of Shabãn. Several Ahãdith extol themerits of this occasion. Amongst them is the factthat countless people are forgiven by Allah Ta‟ãladuring this blessed night. It is due to this reasonthat it is called „The Night of Barãt‟. However, it should be borne in mind that a vastmajority of narration's describing the benefitsand virtues of this night are in fact quite weak.The foundations of the Shar‟iah are the Qur‟ãn,the Sunnah and the lives of the Sahãbah (R.A.).Non of the narration‟s regarding the excellencesof this night are free from criticism and commentby the scholars of Hadith. Shaikh Yusuf Binouri ® says: “I have not comeacross any Sahih, Marfoo or Musnad Hadithregarding the excellence of this night.” [Ma‟ãrifusSunnan, Vol. 5 Pg. 419]. The Muhaddith, Ibn Dihya, has also agreed thatneither has anything authentic been narratedregarding the fifteenth night of Shabãn nor hasany specific Salãh been narrated for this night viareliable narrators. [Faydhul-Qadeer-SharhulJãmius Sagheer Vol. 2 Pg. 317]. SOME VIRTUES OF THIS NIGHT One on the other hand can not completely rejectthe virtues of this night. Whilst even Allama IbnTaymiyyah, a scholar notorious for refuting suchthings, also accepts the virtue of the night ofBarãt, he says: “So many Ahãdith and reportsexists regarding the excellence of the fifteenthnight of Shabãn that one is compelled to acceptthat this night possesses some virtue.” Shaikh Abdur Rahman Mubarakpuri writes inthe commentary of Tirmizi: “The sheer number of Ahãdith regarding this night serve as a proofagainst those who refute the excellence of thisnight.” [Tuhfatul-Ahwazi Vol. 2 Pg. 53]. The special virtues of the night of Barãt are:1. Contrary to other nights wherein Allahdescends to the lowest Heaven to bestow Hisspecial blessings during the last third of thenight, on the night of Barãt the special rain ofmercy and forgiveness from Allah Ta‟ãlabegins to shower down right up till dawn. 2. The sins of countless people are pardoned.[Hãfiz Zayud-deen Iraqi, Faydhul Qadeer, Vol. 2Pg. 317]. It should be remembered that while thenarrations regarding the night of Barãt are weak,the narrations regarding Allah Ta‟ãla‟sdescending to the nearest Heaven during the lastthird of every night are totally correct. VISITING THE GRAVESIDE ON THE NIGHTOF BARÃT Rasulullah‟s (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)awakening during any night and visiting thegraveyards is recorded in some Ahãdith. However, visiting of the graveyard is not a specialcharacteristic of this night in particular. It isproven from another authentic narration thatRasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used tovisit the graveyard during the last portion ofevery night. There is no specific reference in theAhãdith to the night of Barãt or any other night. NO SPECIFIC PRESCRIBED SALÃH RESERVEDFOR THE NIGHT OF BARÃT Allama Anwar Shah Kashmiri ® has writtenregarding the matter that the significance of thenight of Barãt is proven. There is however, noproof for those weak and unacceptable narrationsmentioned in certain books. [Al‟arfus-Shazi Pg.156]. Allama Yusuf Binouri ® writes in Ma‟ãrifusSunan that Abu Talib Makki recorded thesenarrations in his book Qut-ul-Quloob. ImãmGhazali, following Abu Talib Makki, did thesame and Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani hasfollowed them in his book Ghunyat-ut-Talibeen.They mention a narration of Ali (R.A.) thatdiscusses a Salãt of a hundred Rak‟ãts. However,Ibn Jawzi ® and others declared this narration tobe a fabrication (Mawdhu). [Ma‟ãrifus Sunan Vol.5 Pg. 419]. Allama Dhahabi, Ibnu-Arraq, Suyuti, Mulla AliQari and other scholars of Hadith havevehemently refuted such Salãh‟s. FASTING ON THE FIFTEENTH OF SHABÃN ISNOT ESTABLISHED FROM HADITH Some people believe in the misconception thatfasting on the fifteenth of Shabãn is Sunnat. Theyhave been deceived by the Hadith of Ali (R.A.)that appears in Ibn Mãjah which has beenfabricated. The Hadith states Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said; “When the15th of Shabãn comes, then spend this night inQiyãm (Salãh) and the day in fasting. For verily,Allah descends during this night to the nearestheavens.” [ibn Mãjah Pg. 99]. This Hadith is however very weak. Some scholarshave decided it as Mowdhu (fabricated). One ofthe narrators of this Hadith in Abnu-Jabrah, whohas been accused of fabricating Ahãdith. [Taqribof Ibn Hajar Pg. 396]. Imãm Bukhãri and othershave also proved him to be weak. [Mizanul I‟tidalVol. 5 Pg. 503]. Thus this Hadith cannot be reliedupon. Hence the fasting of this day should not beregarded to prove this fast as been Sunnat.Another interesting fact is that fasting on this dayis only discussed in this weak Hadith. If it were aSunnat act, a stronger Hadith would have beenavailable to prove it. Fasting in the month of Shabãn, without thestipulation of any day, is proven from Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). THE NIGHT OF BARÃT AND QUR‟ÃN Has the night of Barãt been mentioned in the Qur‟ãn? The most correct opinion is that the night of Barãt has not been mentioned in the Qur‟ãn. Hafiz Ibn Katheer writes that those like Ikramah who have explained the blessed night in the Qur‟ãn as the night of Barãt are very distant from the correct interpretation. [Ma‟ãrifus Sunan Vol. 5 Pg. 420]. IS SUSTENANCE, LIFE AND DEATH DECIDED ON THIS NIGHT? Qãzi Abubakr bin Arabi writes that there is no reliable Hadith regarding the fifteenth of Shabãn from which it may be understood that sustenance, life and death are decided on that night. He has gone so far as to say that there is no reliable narration concerning this night being the blessed one. [Ma‟ãriful Qur‟ãn Vol. 7 Pg. 757]. Since the significance of the night of Barãt has been mentioned in a number of narrations, and the narrations are not in conflict with any verse in the Qur‟ãn or any authentic narration, we do accept its significance. However, the opinion that sustenance, death, etc. are determined on this night is in conflict with the Qur‟ãn and is therefore unacceptable.It has been established from the Qur‟ãn that these decisions are passed to the Angels on Laylatul Qadr and not on the night of Barãt. It is on this account that the scholars of research have always rejected this opinion. The opinion of the lectures would not be considered in this discussion, instead the opinion of the scholars of Tafseer and Hadith will be relied upon. There is a Hadith of Ayesha (R.A.) mentioned in Mishkãt Pg. 115. This Hadith discusses that the decisions are passed on this night regarding those who will be born, those who will die, the actions of men are placed in front of Allah and sustenance is revealed. The condition of this Hadith is unknown and the scholars of Tafseer and Hadith do not consider it reliable. SOME STRANGE AND INNOVATION PRACTICES ASSOCIATED WITH THIS NIGHT 1.Burning lights and candles: Nothing has or can be found in any Hadith. The Muslims of India, being in close contact with the Hindus, probably began imitating them in their practices, thus resulting in the introduction of this and various other bid‟ats. 2.Preparing of sweetmeats: Some consider this being compulsory. Without it there can be no Shab Barãt. This is absolutely baseless. 3.Souls visit families: Some people firmly believe that the souls of the deceased visit their families homes and see whether any food has been prepared in their honour or not. Some people feel that if a person dies before this night than until his „Fãtiha‟ is not made on this night, he is not counted amongst the dead. These are baseless ideologies that clearly contradict the Ahãdith. 4.Distribution of food: Some feel that it I compulsory to distribute food on this night with the intention of Isãl-Sawãb. There is no association between this practise and the significance of the night. No special acts of charity etc. have been prescribed for this night. [Fatãwa Imdãdiyyah Vol. 4 Pg. 27]. On these nights, in many Masãjid:1. Congregational Yãseen Khatams are held;2. Congregational Zikr sessions;3. Congregational recitation of Salãt wa Salãm are held;4. One person recites the 40 Durood etc. whilst others listen;5. Individual Qur‟ãn recitations take place. All the above are NOT proven in the Shar‟iah of Islãm.Let us comply to the correct teachings of the Shar‟iah and not what we merely here from various lectures. Publication No. 24 ISLÃMIC TARBIYAH ACADEMY 45 Boothroyd Lane, West Town, Dewsbury, W. Yorkshire. WF13 2RB Tel/Fax : (01924) 450422 www.islamictarbiyah.com 1 Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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