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‘Īd-ul-Adhā

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By Hadrat Mawlānā Muhammad Saleem Dhorat hafizahullāh

 

First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah

 

Ibn 'Abbās radhiyallāhu ‘anhumā relates that the Prophet sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said:

 

“Good deeds performed on other days are not superior to those performed on these (first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah).” The companions radhiyallāhu ‘anhum inquired: “Not even jihād?” He replied: “Not even jihād, except for that person who goes out putting himself and his wealth in danger and does not return with anything.” (Al-Bukhārī)

 

Night of ‘Īd

 

The nights of both ‘Īds are described in the hadīth as amongst the great and sacred nights in the Muslim calendar. To remain awake on the nights of ‘Īd and perform ‘ibādah is a source of great virtue and reward.

 

Mu’ādh ibn Jabal radhiyallāhu ‘anhu relates that Rasūlullāh sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam said:

 

“Jannah is wājib (incumbent) for those who stay awake with the intention of making ‘ibādah on the following nights: 8th & 9th, the night of ‘Īd-ul-Adhā (10th of Dhul Hijjah), the night of ‘Īd-ul-Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha'bān.” (At-Targhīb)

 

Udhiyah (Qurbānī)

 

Udhiyah is a practice commanded by Allāh ta‘ālā:

 

“….so turn in prayer towards your Lord and sacrifice (animals).” (108:2)

 ‘Ā’ishah radhiyallāhu ‘anhā said:

 

“There is nothing more dearer to Allāh during the days of Udhiyah than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Judgement with its horns, hair and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allāh before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open heart.” (At-Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājāh)

 

Sunnahs on the day of ‘Īd-ul-Adhā

 

1. To rise early.

2. To clean the teeth with miswāk.

3. To have a masnūn bath.

4. To dress in one’s best garments in an Islāmic manner.

5. To use ‘itr.

6. To avoid eating before ‘Īd salāh.

7. To go early for ‘Īd salāh.

8. To go walking for ‘Īd salāh.

9. To read the Takbīrāt of Tashrīq in a loud voice while going for ‘Īd salāh.

 

takbir_tashriq.jpg

Allāhu Akbar, Allāhu Akbar, Lā ilāha illallāhu wallāhu Akbar, 
Allāhu Akbar, Walil lāhil hamd.

 

10.To use different routes to and from the place of ‘Īd salāh.

11.To eat the meat of Udhiyah (sacrifice) of one’s own offering, after the ‘Īd-ul-Adhā salāh.

 

Mas’alah: It is harām to fast on the 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th Dhul Hijjah, (i.e. ‘Īd day and three days after) and the day of ‘Īd-ul-Fitr.

 

The Method of ‘Īd Salāh 

 

1. Make niyyah of performing two raka'āt wājib of ‘Īd-ul-Adhā behind the imām with six wājib takbīr.

 

2. The first takbīr in the first raka’at is the takbīr tahrīmah which is followed by three wājib takbīr. Raise your hands to the ears in all four takbīr (saying the takbīr). However, after the first takbīr fold the hands under the naval and read thanā (subhānakallāhumma...). Thereafter, in the following two takbīr raise the hands up to the ears and drop them on the sides and after the fourth takbīr fold again.

 

3. The imām will recite the Sūrah Al-Fātihah and another sūrah and go into rukū‘ and sajdah etc. as usual.

 

4. In the second rak‘at, after the recitation and before rukū‘ another three takbīr will be called. In all three takbīr raise the hands to the ears and drop them on the sides and go into rukū‘ when the fourth takbīr is called.

Note: Four takbīr are said together in each rak‘at; at the beginning of the first rak‘at and before going into rukū‘ in the second rak‘at. The easy method of remembering when to drop the hands and when to fold is mentioned hereunder:

 

(a) Remember the following words: fold, drop, drop, fold, for the
first rak‘at
; drop, drop, drop, rukū‘, for the
second rak‘at
.

 

(b) or keep the following general rule in mind: when there is something to be recited after a takbīr, the hands should be folded and when nothing is to be recited the hands are to be dropped to the sides.

 

Mas’alah: it is makrūh to offer any salāh, in the masjid where the ‘Īd salāh is to be performed, before or after the ‘Īd salāh. Hence, we should not perform nafl salāh such as Ishrāq on ‘Īd day.

 

Mas’alah: It is also makrūh to perform any salāh at home before the ‘Īd salāh, but it is not makrūh after salāh.

 

Mas’alah: If anyone missed the ‘Īd salāh then he cannot offer it individually.

 

Mas’alah: Khutbah after the ‘Īd salāh is sunnah. However, the listening of the khutbah is wājib.

 

Mas’alah: It is wājib to say the Takbīr of Tashrīq after the ‘Īd-ul-Adhā salāh, according to some ‘ulamā; therefore one should recite it after the salāh.

 

Mas’alah: If anyone joins the ‘Īd salāh after the imām has said the three takbīr in the first rak‘at he should say his three takbīr immediately. If he joins while the imām is in rukū‘, then if he feels and has strong hope that he will say three takbīr and join the imām in rukū‘ then he should complete the takbīr before going into rukū‘. Otherwise he should join the imām in rukū‘ and say the three takbīr instead of the tasbīh of rukū‘.

 

Note: Whilst saying the takbīr in rukū‘, he should not raise his hands.

 

Note: If the imām rises from rukū‘ before his takbīr are completed, he should also rise with the imām and his takbīr will be remitted for him.

 

Mas’alah: If anyone missed the first rak‘at and joined the imām in the second rak‘at he should say the three takbīr of the the first rak‘at after the recitation when he gets up to complete the missed rak‘at.

 

Mas’alah: If anyone joined the imām in the second rak‘at after rukū‘, then he should perform two raka‘āt as mentioned above.

 

© Islāmic Da'wah Academy

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EIDUL-ADHA
Sunnah practices
 
  1. To wake up as early as possible.
  2. To take a Ghusl (Bath).
  3. To use the Miswaak.
  4. To apply Itr (perfume)
  5. To wear one’s best clothes (not necessarily new), ensuring that it conforms to the Shariah (Sunnah dress).
  6. To delay eating until returning from the Eid Gah.
  7. The first food eaten to be from the Qurbani animal.
  8. To perform Eid Salaah at the Eid Gah .
  9. To use one route when going to the Eid Gah and another route on returning.
  10. To walk to the Eid Gah. However, there is no harm in using a conveyance if the Eid Gah is at a distance.
  11. To recite Takbeer en route to the Eid Gah audibly.
 
 
The Nights of Eid
 
It is desirable to engage in Nafl Salaah and Ibaadah on the nights before Eid.
 
Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam has stated: “Whoever stands up (in worship) on the nights preceding the two Eids expecting reward from his Sustainer, his heart will not die when other hearts will die. (i.e. He will be saved from the terror of the Day of Judgement)” (Ibn Majah)

 

Jamiatul Ulama (KZN)

Council of Muslim Theologians

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 The Day of Eid-ul-Adha

By E-Islam Team

The Day of Eid ul Adha (Festival of Sacrifice) is an important occasion celebrated by Muslims globally on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah to honour the willingness of ʾIbrāhīm (Abraham)(peace be upon him)  to sacrifice his son Ismā'īl (Ishmael)(pbuh) as an act of obedience to Allah Ta’ala, before Allah Ta’ala intervened to provide him with a sheep to sacrifice instead.

It reminds us how obedience to our Lord Allah Ta’ala is the answer to everything. This means surrendering your life, your whole being, all that you are, all that you have and all that you identify with to and only for Allah Ta’ala.

When you sacrifice everything that you identify with for Allah Ta'ala, He gives to you a special inner happiness. That is the spiritual “secret” so many of us seek. Both Eid-ul-Adha and Hajj serve as a special occasion that definitely gets one in touch with this “secret”.

Eid-ul-Adha is a day on which a Muslim should bring himself or herself closer to Allah by means of doing good deeds—such as Prayers, Qurbani (sacrifice),caring for the poor and the needy, visiting the sick people, helping those who are in need and refraining from evil practices such harming people and severing ties of kinship.

In short, `Eid Al-Adha is a model for the Muslim community which maintains love, care, brotherhood and sisterhood, beauty, and solidarity. Eid has significant social, educational, devotional, and spiritual messages that Muslims should grasp and translate into a complete way of life.

 

SUNNAH (practices of The Noble Messenger of Allah-peace be upon him)

ON THE DAY OF EID-UL ADHA                                       

 

  • To rise as early as possible
  • To make Ghusl (Take a bath)
  • To use the Miswaak (brush our teeth)
  • To apply Itr (perfume)
  • To wear one's best clothes (not necessarily new), ensuring that it conforms with Sharia (Islamic code of dressing)
  • For Eid-ul-Adha is like Eid-ul-Fitr in every sense except for that in Eid-ul-Adha it is desirable not to eat anything before prayer, if you have eaten then there is noharm
  • To go to the 'Eid Gah' (Place of Eid Prayer) as early as possible.
  • To perform Eid Salaat on the 'Eid Gah' rather than the Masjid. There is no harm for aged and the sick to perform their Eid Salaat in the Masjid. Rain is also an excuse for performing Eid Salaat in the Masjid.
  • To choose a separate route when returning from the Eid Gah.
  • To walk to the Eid Gah. However, there is no harm in using any means of conveyance if the Eid Gah is a distance away.
  • Recite the following takbir in abundance:

Allahu-Akbar, Allahu-Akbar. La ila-ha ill-lallah.Allahu-Akbar, Allahu-Akbar. Wa-lilahill hamd. (Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is no god but Allah. Allah is Greatest, Allah is Greatest. And all praises are for Allah)

 

We at E-Islam wish you a pleasant and joyous Eid-ul-Adha. Let us Celebrate the Day of Eid by caring for the weak, oppressed and needy in our community, discharging our Qurbani and by upholding the Commandments of Allah Ta’ala and the Sunnah of our Beloved Nabi Muhammad(Peace be upon him) . Please do remember the entire Ummah in your duas(prayers).

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The Fiqh of Eid al-Adha

 

The deen of al-Islam has two major holidays, Eid al-Fitr which is celebrated at the end of fasting in the month of Ramadan and Eid al-Adha which is celebrated on the 10th of Dhu’l Hijjah. As for feasting and celebrating then this has a reference point from the Holy Qur’an (Sura al-Ma’ida, 5:114, with the explanation of Imam al-Suyuti from his Tafsir al-Jalalayn):

 

 ۖ  قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا أَنْزِلْ عَلَيْنَا مَائِدَةً مِنَ السَّمَاءِ تَكُونُ لَنَا عِيدًا لِأَوَّلِنَا وَآخِرِنَا وَآيَةً مِنْكَ وَارْزُقْنَا وَأَنْتَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ

 

Isa, son of Mary, said: ‘O Allah, our Lord, send down upon us a Table from the heaven, that it shall be, that is, the day of its sending down [shall be], a celebration (Eid) for us, which we shall consecrate and honour, for the first (li-awwalinā is an inclusive substitution for lanā, ‘for us’, with the repetition of the [oblique] preposition [li-]) and the last of us, those who will come after us, and a sign from You, of Your power and my Prophethood. And provide, it, for us; You are the Best of Providers’.

 

Eid al-Adha essentially constitutes a congregational prayer (Salah), a sermon (khutba) after the prayer, slaughtering an animal (for those who it is binding upon according to the dictates of the Shari’a), as well as eating and drinking of the permitted provisions. It is also a day of bonding between fellow believers.

 

Continue reading the article online:

 

darultahqiq.com

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