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The Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama'ah

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Who are the Ahlus Sunwah Wal Jamaat?

 

In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.

 

Answer

The Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaat are those whose beliefs and teachings are in accordance with the Holy Quran, the Sunnah of the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam, the Companions and the pious predecessors.

 

The Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam said after he passes away his Ummah should remain firmly steadfast upon his Sunnah and upon the way of his four Muslim Caliphs. (Sunan Ibn Majah p.5 v.1)

 

Furthermore the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam advised us to remain firm with the largest group of Muslims and remain steadfast upon their beliefs and actions.

 

The Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam said ‘Allah will never allow my Ummah to unite upon misguidance and incorrect beliefs.  Allahs’ mercy, blessings and protection are with the largest group of Muslims.  And he who deviates from this largest group of Muslims will be thrown into Hell’.

(Mishkatul Masabeeh p.30 v.1)

Only Allah Knows Best

Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham.

 

 

 

 

Aqeedah of the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah

 

Question

Can you please provide a detailed and complete list of Aqaid of Ahle Sunnah wal Jamaat. I believe aqaid is what makes us muslims and people who do not have these aqaid will not be muslims. Is this true?

 

Answer Bismillah

Al-jawab billahi at-taufeeq (the answer with Allah’s guidance)

 

1) Please view this link for Aqaid of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah (Adherents to the Sunnah and the Jama’ah i.e. Companions of the Messenger): http://www.central-mosque.com/index.php/Beliefs/belieftahawiyyah.html

 

Not having these Aqaid will either make one come out of the fold of Islam (i.e. Kafir) or from the Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah (i.e. become one of the deviant sect).

 

Moulana Qamruz Zaman

London, UK

Sourc

 

 

 

Questions regarding the Ahlussunnah wal Jama’ah

 

Question

 

1.
 It is an established fact that all things are recognised by their name, even Allah (swt) first taught names to the father of Mankind Adam (as). Your sect also has names such as Sunni, Ahl' ul Sunnah or Ahl'ul Sunnah wa al Jamaah. Direct us towards any such verse of the Qur'an wherein any of these names have been indicated.

 

2.
  If these titles cannot be located in the Qur'an could you produce this title from any hadith of the holy prophet (s)? Produce any such 'mutawatir' 'marfuu' or 'saheeh' narration from your books with a complete source (meaning the name of the book, version number, page number, edition etc) wherein the names Sunni, Ahl'ul Sunnah and Ahlul Sunnah wa al Jamaah have been mentioned by the holy prophet (saww) as a sect of Islam.

3.
 If these are not to be found in the hadeeth, then at least come up with an exact date, month and year of hijrah from the history of Islam when these names were adopted as your identity.

4.
 What were you famously known as before adopting these names?

5.
 Why have you forsaken your previous title?

6.
 According to your sect, an introduction of any new thing to Islam constitutes bid'a, therefore to effectuate such an introduction is also a bid'a, so who was the person responsible for introducing this bid'a?

7.
 Could you provide decisive evidence with regards to the meanings of Sunni, Ahl Sunnah and Ahl'ul Sunnah wal Jamaah?

8.
 Which one is the most ancient of the three titles?

9.
 Which one of the three titles do you consider the best?

10.
 Why are the remaining two of lesser merit? Which one of those two is the least and what is the reason behind it?

 

 

Answer

Bismihi Ta’ala

 

The term Ahlussunnah wal Jama’ah is used for those people who strictly base their doctrines upon the Qur’an, Sunnah, and Ijmaa (Consensus of Sahaabah or Tabi’oon). It is a term used to differentitate from the many deviant sects that formed from the first century of Islam until present day.

 

The term Ahlussunnah wal Jama’ah is derived from a combination of Qur’anic Verses and Sound Narrations. A verse of Surah al-Nisaa states: “Whomsoever opposes the Rasool after guidance has become manifest (Sunnah), and follows a way other than way of the believers (Jama’ah), then we will turn him towards al the deviant ways he wishes to turn but the result will be Jahannam. Such a bad abode.”

 

The term Ahlussunnah wal Jama’ah has been derived from this verse, for the very reason that the Ahlussunnah wal Jama’ah do not oppose the way of the Rasool or his rightly guided companions in their doctrines.

 

The Ahaadith that indicate this term are many. It would be difficult to encompass all of them at this moment. Here are some of the Ahaadith related to his term: Rasoolullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam is reported to have ordered the people to follow his way and the way of the rightly guided Caliphs. Also, in some Narrations, the Companions of Rasoolullah have been described as perfect role models for salvation, because their way of life would not contradict the teachings of Allah and his Rasool.

 

Also, many Ahaadith speak on the Jama’ah, and that whosoever seperates from them wil become prey to Shaytaan.

 

We may conclude from this that the term Ahlussunnah wal Jama’ah is not a term which is newly introduced, in fact it is derived from a combination of many sound verses of the Qur’an and Ahaadith.

 

It seems from the question that there is a lack of knowledge and understanding in this regard. Not every single detail of Shari’ah must be explicitly expressed or declared in the Qur’an and Sunnah. Sometimes, rulings are derived from indications, and implications of verses or ahaadith. For this reason, a whole science, known as Usool al-Fiqh is established in order for a Scholar to recognise and identify the correct sources of Islamic Law and methods to deduce rulings from those sources. Some rulings are deduced from Dalaalat al-Nass, Ibaarat al-Nass, Ishaarat al-Nass, and Iqtidhaa al-Nass. This isn’t the place to discuss this in-depth.

 

If the rulings of Sharia’ah were so clear cut and explicit for every individual of this Ummah to understand according to his or her discretion then there would be no sound Islamic Learning. Neither would there be the need for Jurists or Muhadditheen whom exerted all efforts and abilities and spent their entire lives struggling to deduce rulings from the Sound Sources of Islamic Law.

 

There is need for great understanding. May Allah bless us all and grant us understanding of the Deen. Aameen

 

Mufti Yaseen Shaikh

 

Source

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Sects In The Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama'ah
 
Question

 

 1. How any sects of the ummah has created till now as Prophet (saw) stated in a hadith that there will be 73 sects of his ummah? please mention the names.

 

 2. Is ahle sunna wal jamaa is considered as one sect or four madhabs are considered 4 sect? as well as is ahle hadith are considered as different sect? are salafis and ahle hadith same?

 

 

 

Answer

 

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

 

1) At the outset, the Hadith referred to in your query is as follows:

أخبرنا أبو العباس قاسم بن القاسم السياري بمرو ثنا أبو الموجه حدثنا أبو عمار : ثنا الفضل بن موسى عن محمد بن عمرو عن أبي سلمة عن أبي هريرة : أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : افترقت اليهود على إحدى و سبعين فرقة أو اثنتين و سبعين فرقة و النصارى مثل ذلك و تفترق أمتي على ثلاث و سبعين فرقة (المستدرك)

 

“Abu Hurayrah (RadiyAllahu Anhu) relates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: ‘The Jews were divided into 71 or 72 sects as were the Christians. My Ummah will be divided into 73 sects.”   (Al-Mustadrak)

 

After Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) left this world, many ikhtilafaat (differences) began to arise amongst the Ummah. Within a period of time, the Aqeedah (religious creed, belief) of some who were misled changed from the haq (truth) and in turn they misguided others. As a result, different groups were formed. Those which had differences amongst themselves branched out into several other groups. The prediction of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) became true. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) clearly mentioned that 72 of these sects will go to the fire of jahannam whilst 1 will be admitted to paradise. The successful group will be the one who follows the Jama’ah. This group is the followers of Ahle-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah, which will be explained further below.

 

Hereunder are some of the known main groups and their branches (in no particular order), most of which do not exist anymore. The following is taken from the kitab Al-Farq baynal Firaq” (The Difference Between the Differences) by ‘Abd-al-Qahir al-Baghdadi (Rahimahullah) (d. 429 AH). This book should be referred to for a further, detailed explanation on the abovementioned Hadith and the various groups with their sub-groups, including their founders and differences in beliefs.

 

Firstly, the Rawaafid after the time of Ali (RadiyAllahu Anhu) were divided into 4 groups: Imaamiyyah, Zaydiyyah, Kaysaaniyyah, and Ghulah. These 4 groups had sub-groups:

 

 

1) Imaamiyyah-Divided into 15 sects:

a) Muhammadiyyah

b) Baqiriyyah

c) Nawusiyyah

d) Shamaytiyyah

e) Ammariyyah

f) Ismailiyyah

g) Mubarakiyyah

h) Musawiyyah

i) Qatiyyah

j) Hishamiyyah

k) Zarariyyah

l) Yunusiyyah

m) Shaytaniyyah

n) Kamiliyyah

o) Athnaa Ashriyyah

 

2) Zaydiyyah-Divided into 3 sects:

a) Jarudiyyah

b) Sulaymaniyyah (also known as Jaririyyah)

c) Butriyyah

 

3) Kaysaniyyah-Divided into 2 sects

4) Ghulah-Divided into 6 groups:

a) Bayaniyyah

b) Mughiriyyah

c) Janahiyyah

d) Mansuriyyah

e) Khattabiyyah

f) Haluliyyah

 

The Khawaarij were divided into 20 sects:

a) Al-Muhkamatul Ula

b) Azaraqah

c) Najadaat

d) Safriyyah

e) Ajaradah

f) Khazimiyyah

g) Shu’aybiyyah

h) Khalfiyyah

i) Ma’lumiyyah and Majhuliyyah

j) Sultiyyah

k) Hamziyyah

l) Thaalabah

m) Akhnasiyyah

n) Shaybaniyyah

o) Rashidiyyah

p) Mukarramiyyah

q) Ibadiyyah

r) Hafsiyyah

s) Harithiyyah

t) Shabibiyyah

 

The Qadariyyah-Mu’tazilah ‘anil Haq were divided into 18 sects:

a)  Waasiliyyah

b) Umrawiyyah

c) Hadhliyyah

d) Nizamiyyah

e) Aswariyyah

f) Muammariyyah

g) Bishriyyah

h) Hishamiyyah

i) Murdariyyah

j) Jafaerriyyah

k) Iskafiyyah

l) Thamamiyyah

m) Jahidhiyyah

n) Shahamiyyah

o) Khayyatiyyah

p) Ka’biyyah

q) Jabaiyyah

r) Bahshamiyyah

 

The Murjiah were divided into 5 sects:

a) Yunusiyyah

b) Ghassaniyyah

c) Tawmaniyyah

d) Thawbaniyyah

e) Marisiyyah

 

The Najariyyah were divided into 3 sects:

a)  Barghuthiyyah

b) Za’fraaniyyah

c) Mustadrakah

 

Finally, the 73rd group is the Ahle-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah, which is the group on haq. Towards the end of the kitab, Abd-al-Qahir al-Baghdadi (Rahimahullah) defines the Ahle-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah as follows:

 

Those who have completely mastered the principles of belief (Ash’aris and Maturidis), the mujtahid Imams of fiqh and their followers, the scholars of Hadith that steered clear of deviation, the scholars of Arabic grammar that steered away from deviation, the scholars of Tafsir that steered away from deviation, the Sufis, and the general masses of Muslims.

 

Most define Ahle-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah as those who follow the Ash’ari and Maturidi schools of Aqeedah, which includes the followers of the 4 Imams of fiqh.

 

Since every sect claims to be on the true path, the criterion to determine the true sect is as follows:

 

a) Adherence to the Quran and Sunnah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)

b) To believe in Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) as the final Messenger

c) To have love for every companion of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)

d) To follow the Shari’ah through the guidance of any of the four Imams of fiqh-Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Shafi’ee, Imam Malik, Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal (Rahimahumullah)

 

(Al-Farq baynal-Firaq, Maktabah Darul-Turath)

 

2) The second part of the query has been answered above.

 

And Allah knows best

Wassalam u Alaikum

Ml. Asif Umar,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

askimam.org

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Tabligh Jamaat and Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jaam'ah

 

Question

What is the basic difference between Tabligh Jamaat and Ahle Sunnah Wal Jaamat?

 

Answer

In Ahlus Sunnah wal jama’ah – ‘Sunnah’ stands for the sunnah /traditions/ways of our Prophet (Salalahu Alaihi WaSallam) Jama’ah stands for the Jama’at or group of the Sahaba (RA).

 

The ‘Ahlus Sunnah wal jama’ah’ are those who hold strictly to the Sunnah in every form in all aspects of life and who hold onto the way of the Sahaba, also their thinking is in confirmation with that of the Sahaba. The members of tabligh jamaat are from Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah.

 

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