ummtaalib Posted August 9, 2014 Report Share Posted August 9, 2014 Evidence of Performing Missed Prayers Answered by Shaykh Mazhar Mahmood madhabah.org Question: Do I have to make up my missed ṣalāh? If so, what is the proof? Answer: Thank you for your query. May Allāh Almighty give us the ability to understand and practice upon the pristine teachings of His dīn. Āmīn! With regards to missed ṣalāh (prayer), It is compulsory for every mature male/female who have missed their fardh (mandatory) prayers to make them up as soon as possible. Mentioned below are a few aḥādīth supporting this statement. “Whoever forgets to pray should pray as soon as they remember, for there is no expiation (kaffārah) for the prayer besides performing it.” (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim:684) Imām al-Nawawī (may Allāh have mercy on him) states in the commentary of this ḥadīth: “This ḥadīth proves that the mandatory prayer which has been missed must be made up, regardless if one had left it due to a reasonable excuse, such as sleep, forgetfulness, or due to no reasonable excuse at all.” (Sharḥ al- Nawawī ‘alā Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim:684] “If one of you oversleeps and misses a prayer, or forgets to perform it, they should perform it as soon as they remember, because Allāh Almighty says (in the Qur’ān): “… and establish ṣalāh for My remembrance.” (Qur’ān 20:14, Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Hibbān:2069] Imām al-Qurtubī (may Allāh have mercy on him) has elaborated on this ruling in his exegesis of the Noble Qur’ān under the abovementioned verse saying, “The jurists of the four schools of jurisprudence unanimously agree that it is incumbent to perform missed (mandatory) prayers, regardless of whether they were missed due to reasons such as sleep, forgetfulness, or were missed out of negligence and laziness.” (Tafsīr Qurṭūbī, Qur’ān 20:14]. Allāh’s Messenger (peace and blessings upon him) taught his Companions and the generations of Muslims to come, by his words and actions, that performing a missed prayer is a command of Allāh which must to be fulfilled. This is demonstrated in a narration of Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim where the Prophet Muḥammad (peace and blessings upon him) and his Companions had overslept thereby missing the Fajr (Dawn) prayer. His Companions (may Allāh be pleased with them) inquired, “What is the expiation for neglecting the prayer?” Allāh’s Messenger (peace and blessings upon him) replied, “Oversleeping does not mean that you have neglected the prayer, neglecting the prayer is to avoid performing it until its time elapses (whilst being conscious). So whoever misses a prayer, let them perform it as soon as they remember.” Note: This prayer was missed in harsh conditions and not in leisure. This is apparent from the full report of the above ḥadīth. It is evident from the above mentioned aḥādīth, their explanations, and statements of the Islāmic scholars, that obligatory prayers are to be made up as soon as possible when they are missed. This is the verdict of majority of the scholars of Islām and is the most sound opinion. Allāh Almighty Knows Best! 2 Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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