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The Sunnah methods of Musafahah, Mu’aanaqah and how to reply to Jazakallah


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Question

Could you please let me know what is Sunnat in doing Musafa (Shaking Hands) & Muaenka (Hugging)

1. Musafa first & Muaenka second or vice versa.

2. How many times do we need to do Muaenka 3 times or only 1 time.

3. How to answer to Jazakallah

 

 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

  1. It is sunnah to make Musafahah using both hands. It has been narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam made Musafahah with Hadhrat ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu while the palm of Hadhrat ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood Radhiyallahu ‘Anhu was between the two palms of Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam.[1]

 

‘Allamah Anwar Shah Kashmiri Rahimahullah states: “The complete Sunnah in it (i.e. Musafahah) is that it be done with two hands. But the sunnah will also be achieved with one hand (though incomplete). [2]

 

 

Musafahah and Mu’aanaqah are two different actions that are to be practiced upon at their different times. The practice of doing Musafahah has been narrated from the Ahadith as one that was prevalent on a general day-to-day basis. Whilst Mu’aanaqah is proven only at certain occasions such as leaving on a journey, returning from a journey, meeting somebody after very long and due to intense affection and love.[3]

 

The actual practice of showing one’s affection is making Salaam. The practices of Musafahah and Mu’aanaqah serve as a means of perfecting the Salaam. Anyone one of these two are enough for this purpose. The practice of making both Musafahah and Mu’aanaqah together with Salaam within one meeting is not proven from Sunnah.[4] However, if one does so without any attribution to or intention of Sunnah, there is leeway in doing so.

 

Due to the fact that both these practices in one meeting cannot be found in the Sunnah, there is no Sunnah method known regarding which of the two shall precede the other.  

  1. Mu’aanaqah means to embrace somebody, bringing one’s neck into contact with another person’s.[5] It is Sunnah to make Mu’aanaqah once only. The practice of making Mu’aanaqah thrice is not proven from Sunnah.[6]
  2. Firstly, it is important to understand that the term ‘Jazakallah’ as a phrase of gratitude is derived from the Hadith. However, as understood from the Ahadith, the correct method of saying this is ‘Jazakallahu Khaira’ (meaning: may Allah recompense you with good).

 

Sayyiduna Usamah bin Zayd Radiyallahu ‘anhuma reports that Nabi Sallalahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever says ‘Jazaka Allahu Khaira’ to the one who has done good to him, has certainly extolled him in praise.” [7]

 

As far as the response to this is concerned, it is appropriate to either say ‘Aameen’ or ‘Wa Iyyaaka’ (meaning: the same be to you).

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Nabeel Valli

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net

askimam

 

[1]   صحيح البخاري (8/ 59) [دار المنهاج]

وقال ابن مسعود: «علمني النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم التشهد، وكفي بين كفيه» وقال كعب بن مالك: «دخلت المسجد، فإذا برسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فقام إلي طلحة بن عبيد الله يهرول حتى صافحني وهنأني»

 

[2]   فيض الباري على صحيح البخاري (6/ 204) [العلمية]

واعلم أن كمالَ السنة فيها أن تكونَ باليدين، ويتأدَّى أصلُ السنة من يدٍ واحدةٍ أيضًا.

 

[3]   أحسن الفتاوى (8/410) [أيج أيم سعيد]

 

[4]   أحسن الفتاوى (8/410) [أيج أيم سعيد]

 

[5]   أحسن الفتاوى (8/407) [أيج أيم سعيد]

 

[6]   فتاوى محمودية (19/118) [الفاروقية]

 

أحسن الفتاوى (9/77) [أيج أيم سعيد]

 

حاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (6/ 380) [أيج أيم سعيد]

(قَوْلُهُ وَكَذَا مُعَانَقَتُهُ) قَالَ فِي الْهِدَايَةِ وَيُكْرَهُ أَنْ يُقَبِّلَ الرَّجُلُ فَمَ الرَّجُلِ أَوْ يَدَهُ أَوْ شَيْئًا مِنْهُ أَوْ يُعَانِقَهُ وَذَكَرَ الطَّحَاوِيُّ أَنَّ هَذَا قَوْلُ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ وَمُحَمَّدٍ، وَقَالَ أَبُو يُوسُفَ لَا بَأْسَ بِالتَّقْبِيلِ وَالْمُعَانَقَةِ لِمَا رُوِيَ «أَنَّهُ - عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ - عَانَقَ جَعْفَرًا حِينَ قَدِمَ مِنْ الْحَبَشَةِ وَقَبَّلَهُ بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ» وَلَهُمَا مَا رُوِيَ " «أَنَّهُ - عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ - نَهَى عَنْ الْمُكَامَعَةِ» ؟ " وَهِيَ الْمُعَانَقَةُ «وَعَنْ الْمُكَاعَمَةِ» وَهِيَ التَّقْبِيلُ، وَمَا رَوَاهُ مَحْمُولٌ عَلَى مَا قَبْلَ التَّحْرِيمِ، قَالُوا الْخِلَافُ فِي الْمُعَانَقَةِ فِي إزَارٍ وَاحِدٍ أَمَّا إذَا كَانَ عَلَيْهِ قَمِيصٌ أَوَجُبَّةٌ لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ بِالْإِجْمَاعِ وَهُوَ الصَّحِيحُ اهـ.

 

[7]   سنن الترمذي ت بشار (3/ 557) [العلمية]

2035 - حَدَّثَنَا الحُسَيْنُ بْنُ الحَسَنِ الْمَرْوَزِيُّ بِمَكَّةَ، وَإِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الجَوْهَرِيُّ، قَالاَ: حَدَّثَنَا الأَحْوَصُ بْنُ جَوَّابٍ، عَنْ سُعَيْرِ بْنِ الخِمْسِ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ التَّيْمِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ النَّهْدِيِّ، عَنْ أُسَامَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: مَنْ صُنِعَ إِلَيْهِ مَعْرُوفٌ فَقَالَ لِفَاعِلِهِ: جَزَاكَ اللَّهُ خَيْرًا فَقَدْ أَبْلَغَ فِي الثَّنَاءِ.

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