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Backbiting and Slander

'...Allah will defend him in this world and in the next....'

 

And why did you not, when you heard it, say?  "It is not right of us to speak of this: Glory to God, this is a most serious slander" (Quran 24:16)

 

A commentary on one of the most destructive of major sins

Islam is a religion of peace, love and compassion. Lies, suspicion, back biting, slander and gossip are totally alien to Islam. In fact they are considered amongst the most destructive of major sins. This is so because these sins sow enmity and discord among the Muslim Ummah and lead to its destruction. They cause hostilities between people of the same household, and between neighbors, friends and relatives.

 

Islam demands that our relationship with mankind should be one of sincerity and responsibility. It should be one where we have respect for the honor, reputation and privacy of others. Islam teaches us that we are not only held accountable for our own attitudes and actions but also for anything else over which we have control or influence over, in our society or the world around us.

 

Verses: Let's see what the Quran states about backbiting and slander - 'This is the Book, in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who fear Allah'. (2:2)

 

Allah has forbidden the believers from backbiting

O you who believe! Avoid much suspicion, in deeds some suspicions are sins. And spy not neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allah, verily, Allah is the one who accepts repentance, Most Merciful. (49: 12)

 

When we reflect deeply over this assimilation it should be enough to keep us away from backbiting!

 

Do not treat the issue of Backbiting & Slander with indifference because it is a great sin

Behold, you received it on your tongues, and said out of your mouths things which you had no knowledge; and you thought it to be a light matter, while it was most serious in the sight of Allah (24: 15)

 

Many of us back bite and gossip without thinking. We think it is minor matter, however Allah reminds us to be careful and even though we think we are doing something little it is in fact very big in the sight of Allah!

 

Allah teaches us to speak out against Slander and try to put a stop to it

And why did you not, when you heard it, say? "It is not right of us to speak of this: Glory to Allah, this is a most serious slander" (24:16)

 

Many people are so busy spreading the slander they hear that they do not even stop to think if it is true or not.

Shaitan (Satan) wants us to use our tongue to create conflict and hatred

Say to My servants that they should only say those things that are best, for Satan does sow dissensions among them, for Satan is to man an avowed enemy. (17:53)

 

Are we falling into Shaitan's (Satan's) trap? We can all analyze ourselves.

Hadiths: Let's see what Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said about Backbiting in the hadiths. Allah states in the Quran - You have indeed in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern of conduct. (33:21)

 

The definition of Backbiting & Slander

Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said :"Do you know what backbiting is?" They said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He then said, "It is to say something about your brother that he would dislike." Someone asked him, "But what if what I say is true?" The Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) said, "If what you say about him is true, you are backbiting him, but if it is not true then you have slandered him." (Muslim)

 

We should guard our tongue from sins and use our limbs in acts of obedience

Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said : "Who protects his tongue from unlawful utterances and his private parts from illegal sexual intercourse, I shall guarantee him entrance into Paradise." (Bukhari and Muslim)

 

The definition of the best muslim

"I asked the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him): Who is the best Muslim? The Messenger of Allah(Peace Be Upon Him) replied, "He is the one from whom Muslims are safe from the evil of his tongue and hands." (Muslim)

 

Deriding people in their presence by making negative facial expressions or by hand gestures while they are unaware is also a form of backbiting.

 

We need to beware of the slipping of our tongues

"When man wakes up in the morning each day, all parts of the body warn the tongue saying, ‘Fear Allah as regards us for we are at your mercy; if you are upright, we will be upright and if you are crooked, we become crooked.’" (At-Tirmidhee)

 

Summary

Backbiting and slander is so widespread that it has become the topic of people’s meetings and an avenue for expressing their anger, misgivings and jealousy. Those who indulge in backbiting are oblivious of the fact that they are only harming themselves. This is because of the fact that on the Day of Resurrection both the wrongdoer and the wronged will stand before Allah, Who is the Just Judge, Allah will then give this wronged person from the good deeds of the person who wronged him in accordance with his wrong by backbiting.

 

Some situations allow us to inform others of what someone has done. It is allowed for us to inform the authorities when someone does injustice to us or others. It is allowed for us to inform someone who can help a perpetrator from committing further vice. It is also permissible for us to tell whoever seeks our advice on a person for business dealings or marriage. In this case it is not allowed for us to hide what we know about the person so that the enquirer will not be deceived. All these types of speaking about others are lawful.

 

Islam teaches us that if people are being ridiculed or backbited in our presence, we should defend their honor. If we neglect this, we shall deprive ourselves of ever needed help and mercy from Allah - If a man's Muslim brother is slandered in his presence, and he is capable of defending him and does so, Allah will defend him in this world and in the next. But if he fails to defend him, Allah will destroy him in this world and the next. (Baghawi). What will we do the next time we are tempted to backbite or hear slander in our presence? Right now the choice is ours!

 

We ask Allah the Most High, the All Powerful, to teach us that which will benefit us, and to benefit us by that which we learn. May Allah grant blessings and peace to our Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) and his family and companions.

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Backbiting

 

Q: If a person has committed backbiting against someone, and wants to make taubah from backbiting, and the person he was backbiting about does not know about it, does one have to go and tell the person I said this and that about you, make maaf, or can one beg forgiveness from Allah and do some good action and send the sawaab to the person?

bismillah.jpg

A: No. He should in a general way ask for forgiveness without specifying the wrong that he had done.

And Allah Ta'ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اجْتَنِبُوا كَثِيرًا مِّنَ الظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعْضَ الظَّنِّ إِثْمٌ وَلَا تَجَسَّسُوا وَلَا يَغْتَب بَّعْضُكُم بَعْضًا أَيُحِبُّ أَحَدُكُمْ أَن يَأْكُلَ لَحْمَ أَخِيهِ مَيْتًا فَكَرِهْتُمُوهُ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ تَوَّابٌ رَّحِيمٌ ﴿الحجرات: ١٢﴾

وعن أبي سعيد وجابر قالا : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : " الغيبة أشد من الزنا " . قالوا : يا رسول الله وكيف الغيبة أشد من الزنا ؟ قال : " إن الرجل ليزني فيتوب فيتوب الله عليه " - وفي رواية : " فيتوب فيغفر الله له وإن صاحب الغيبة لا يغفر له حتى يغفرها له صاحبه " (مشكاة # 4874)

وفيها الغيبة أن تصف أخاك حال كونه غائبا بوصف يكرهه إذا سمعه عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال عليه الصلاة والسلام أتدرون ما الغيبة قالوا الله ورسوله أعلم قال ذكرك أخاك بما يكره قيل أفرأيت إن كان في أخي ما أقول قال إن كان فيه ما تقول اغتبته وإن لم يكن فيه فقد بهته وإذا لم تبلغه يكفيه الندم وإلا شرط بيان كل ما اغتابه به  (الدر المختار 6/ 410)

قال الشامي : قوله ( وإلا شرط بيان كل ما اغتابه به ) أي مع الاستغفار والتوبة والمراد أن يبين له ذلك ويعتذر إليه ليسمح عنه بأن يبالغ في الثناء عليه والتودد إليه ويلازم ذلك حتى يطيب قلبه وإن لم يطب قلبه كان اعتذاره وتودده حسنة يقابل بها سيئة الغيبة في الآخرة وعليه أن يخلص في الاعتذار وإلا فهو ذنب آخر ويحتمل أن يبقى لخصمه عليه مطالبة في الآخرة لأنه لو علم أنه غير مخلص لما رضي به قاله الإمام الغزالي وغيره وقال أيضا فإن غاب أو مات فقد فات أمره ولا يدرك إلا بكثرة الحسنات لتؤخذ عوضا في القيامة ويجب أن يفصل له إلا أن يكون التفضيل مضرا له كذكره عيوبا يخفيها فإنه يستحل منها مبهما اه وقال منلا علي القاري في شرح المشكاة وهل يكفيه أن يقول اغتبتك فاجعلني في حل أم لا بد أن يبين ما اغتاب قال بعض علمائنا في الغيبة إلا بعلمه بها بل يستغفر الله له إن علم أن إعلامه يثير فتنة ويدل عليه أن الإبراء عن الحقوق المجهولة جائز عندنا والمستحب لصاحب الغيبة أن يبرئه عنها وفي القنية تصافح الخصمين لأجل العذر استحلال قال في النووي ورأيت في فتاوى الطحاوي أنه يكفي الندم والاستغفار في الغيبة وإن بلغت المغتاب ولا اعتبار بتحليل الورثة (رد المحتار 6/ 410-411)

Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

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  • 1 year later...
Forgiveness for Backbiting (Gheebah)
 
Q. As geebat repent needs forgiveness first from the person whom geebat has been done & then Allha will forgive but if a person who has done geebat due to no courage or any other fear of fitnah
 
If he will not ask forgiveness from the person so what to do in that situation
(Question published as received)
 
A. Backbiting (geebah) is from those sins which pertain to Haqooq-ul-'ibad (rights of people). Since these rights are connected with people, fulfilling them and asking for forgiveness will be associated with people as well. In order to repent from such sins, it is not only necessary to plead to Allah for forgiveness, but also to ask the person who's right was violated for pardon and forgiveness. Until this is not done, the repentance (tawbah) will not be complete.
 
However, if someone has backbitten about another and that person has no knowledge of the same, it will not be necessary to ask him/her for forgiveness. It will be sufficient for one to repent sincerely to Allah, make a firm intention to abstain from such sins and additionally to make dua for the person who was backbitten.
 
And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mufti Moosa Salie
Confirmation:
Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Fatwa Department

Jamiatul Ulama (KZN)

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