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Jumu'ah (Friday) Reminders


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In pre-Islamic times [jaahiliyya], Jumu'a was called 'Urooba.

Aloosi reports from Sheeshi that 'Urooba, originally from Aramaic, means "mercy." There are various opinions as to when and how the change from 'Urooba to Jumu'a came about:

1. 'Abdullaah Ibn 'Abbaas رضي الله عنهما narrates that it is called Jumu'a because it is derived from jam'un, which means to "collect" or "gather," and on this day Allaah gathered the dirt to make Aadam. This is further corroborated by a hadeeth that 'Aini رحمه الله mentions in his book, [with reference to Ibn Khuzaima] that once the Blessed Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم asked Salmaan al-Faarsee رضى الله عنه:

"Do you know why Jumu'a is special [why it is called Jumu'a]?"

Salmaan al-Faarsee رضى الله عنه said, "Allaah and His Blessed Prophet know best."

The Blessed Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم replied, "The essence of your father Aadam was gathered on this day."

2. On this day, Quraish gathered by Qusai [great, great grandfather of the Blessed Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم] in Daar an-Nadwa (meeting place).

3. On this day, the chief of Quraish, Ka'b ibn Lu'ai, gathered his people to advise and instruct them on various matters. [1]

Based on the last two opinions, the name Jumu'a was introduced by Quraish, either in the time of Qusai or Ka'b ibn Lu'ai.

Ibn Hazm رحمه الله argued that the etymology of the word Jumu'a is not pre-Islamic, but in fact introduced by the Ansaar (Helpers) رضي الله عنهم of Madeena. He supports his view with the statement of Ibn Seereen رحمه الله, which is narrated by Qurtubi رحمه الله, Aloosi رحمه الله, 'Aini رحمه الله, Haafidh Ibn Hajar رحمه الله and most of the hadeeth masters [muhadditheen] and exegetes [mufassireen], that before the migration of the Blessed Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, the Ansaar رضي الله عنهم would observe that the Christians and Jews had appointed special days to gather and worship, discuss matters of faith and on which their leaders would advise the congregations. After this, the Ansaar رضي الله عنهم also decided to appoint a day for all to gather and worship and discuss matters of faith. This was the day of 'Urooba, which they named Jumu'a, since they would gather on this day. [2] [3]


[1] Roohul Ma'aani, 14/101

[2] Muslim, Fadl Yawmul-Jumu'a; Tirmidhi, maa jaa' fee Fadl Yawmul-Jumu'a

[3] Shaikh Ibrahim Madani: Essentials of Jumu'a, pp. 2-3

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Bringing Alive the SUNNATS of Jumuah
1. Have a Bath (Ghusl). (Bukhari)
2. Wear clean and appropriate clothing. (Abu Dawood)
3. Use Itr (perfume) and use the Miswaak. (Ibn Majah)
4. Go early to the Jumuah Salaah. (Bukhari)
5. Walk to the Masjid for Jumuah. (Tirmidhi)
6. If the saffs (rows) are already filled, do not jump over the shoulders of the musallies (worshippers) in order to get to the front. (Abu Dawood)
7. Try to sit as close as possible to the Imaam. (Tirmidhi)
8. Listen attentively to the Khutbah. (Bukhari)
9. Make a lot of Du'a. (Bukhari)
10. Read Surah al-Kahf. (Targheeb)
11. Seek the moment of acceptance:
Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam said: “There is a moment on Friday that if any Muslim makes dua in it, his dua will definitely be accepted.” (Bukhari)
12. Increase sending Durood on Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam. (Abu Dawood)

Masjid Poster downloadable here.

Jamiatul Ulama (KZN)

Council of Muslim Theologians

223 Alpine Road, Overport, Durban

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