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WOMEN'S Issues during Hajj & Umrah

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What Are The Differences Between A Male And Female When Performing Hajj?

 

Question:

What are the differences between a male and female when performing Hajj?

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

There are a number of differences between a male and female in Ihram and whilst performing the Hajj and Umrah rites:

 

1)     A woman must not let any cloth touch her face and her head must be covered.  However, this does not mean she should not do hijab.  She should wear a veil suspended from a cap.  These type of veils are available to purchase.  The man must keep his head uncovered.

 

2)     It is permissible for a lady to wear gloves. A male cannot wear gloves in the state of Ihrām.

 

3)     A lady may wear socks and shoes.  A man cannot wear socks or shoes.  He must leave the instep of the foot exposed.

 

4)     A woman will not recite the Talbiyah audibly.  A man should recite the Talbiyah aloud but not to the extent that it disturbs others.

 

5)     A woman will not perform Raml (walking briskly) when performing Tawāf.  A male will perform Raml in any Tawāf which precedes a Sa’i.

 

6)     A woman will not do Idhtibā’ (leaving the right shoulder exposed) in Ihraam) for Tawāf.  A male will do Idhtibā’.

 

7)     When performing Sa’i, a woman will not run between the two green lights.  A male should run between the two green lights.

 

8)     A woman will not shave her hair off her head (Halaq).  She will only cut off one inch from her hair.  A male has the discretion of either shaving or trimming

 

9)     A female can wear her normal sewn clothes.  It is not permissible for a male to dress normally in his day to day clothing in the state of Ihram.

 

10) A woman must not go near the al-Hajr al-Aswad (the black stone) to kiss it in peak times.  A male may go on condition he does not cause others difficulty by pushing and shoving.

 

11) A woman should not perform her two Rak’ats Wājib Salāh after Tawāf near the Maqām Ibrahim (Station of Ibrahim) at peak times.  A male may perform the two Ra’kats near Maqām Ibrahim if there is space.

 

12)A woman will not be penalised with a Dam penalty for leaving the Wajib of Tawāf al-Widā’ due to haidh (menstruation) or nifas (post-natal bleeding).  Likewise, if she delays the performance of Tawāf al-Ziyārah and performs it after the 12th of Dhul Hijjah, she will not have to give a dam penalty for delaying.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

With Compliments~ www.darulfiqh.com

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Queries and Conditions Concerning Female Pilgrims

 

1. All travel must be carried out in the presence of ha husband or Mahram (to whom marriage is absolutely prohibited e.g. father, son, grandfather, grandson, maternal uncle, paternal uncle and nephew).

However, if a Mahram is non-existent then the female should secure a wasiyat for her Hajj to be performed after her death. This is Wajib!.

 

If a woman is in her period she will be excused from this tawaaf. If you had performed a nafl tawaaf after Tawaaf -e-Ziyarah, that can also be accepted in place of Tawaaf -e-Wida.

 

If you remain in Makkah for sometime after Hajj, then make the most out of your valuable time. Try to perform as many Umrahs as possible and attend for the salaah in Haram Shareef.

 

May Allah accept your Hajj and accept us all. AMEEN.

 

2. Women can wear any kind of clothing for Ihraam with no restriction regarding colour, however it is wajib to cover the head.

NOTE: Thin or semi-transparent or tight fitting clothing is prohibited.

 

3. No clothing should come into contact with the face, therefore whilst observing the purdah /hijab, the niqab should be worn so that it is slightly raised from the face however still concealing it.

 

4. It has come to our knowledge that the use of a small scarf to cover the hair is understood to be a part of `Iharaam'. This belief is however incorrect.

 

5. The recitation of the Talbiyah (Labbaik) of a female pilgrim must not be audible by other pilgrims and therefore it should be recited quietly.

 

6. It is preferable for female pilgrims to be selective of the times i.e. the night in which they carry out the tawaaf and the duties whilst at Arafaat and Muzdalifah (inc. rami). Even so where there is no choice of time the female pilgrim should refrain from joining the heart of the crowd or pushing and brushing against fellow pilgrims.

 

7. It is forbidden for female pilgrims to carry out ramal (brisk walking whilst in tawaaf ) and the running within the `green light zone' when carrying out saee.

 

8. If menstruation should occur before the Ihraam stage, it is preferable to bathe and then carry out the obligatory `Ihraam'. Due to menstruation the tawaaf and the saee are not to be carried out. All other proeedures regarding Hajj must be observed and then after menstruation is over the tawaaf and saee must be recovered.

 

NO COMPENSATION IS DUE FOR DELAY.

9. If menstruation continues over the period in which `Tawaafe-Wida' is to be carried out, the `Tawaaf-e-Wida' becomes omitted.

 

10. After Ihraam, the cutting of hair is often cut in the presence of a `Ghair Mahram', however this is forbidden and should be refrained from.

 

11. When visiting the sacred grave at Madinah, all pilgrims should ensure that they do not quarrel or fight. Females should pray in a quiet tone so as not to be disrespectable.

 

12. Performing 1 obligatory salaah at Masjid-e-Haraam reaps the reward of 100,000 salaah. However, this applies only for men.

 

Thus, for women it is preferable to perform salaah within the privacy of one's compartment /home.

http://www.inter-islam.org/condex.htm

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Women performing Hajj during menses

 

Question

During my previous Hajj I saw some people confused about Menses in Hajj.

 

Is it permissible for a Woman in Menses to assume Ihram? In this situation going to perform Umrah would she have to go to Taneem to re-assume Ihram? I once heard someone saying that there was no evidence of this so would you be able to clarify?

 

Also, with regards to Hajj and tawaaful Ifaadah and menses. I heard two opinions in Hajj about this, one where the woman had to perform Tawaaf and then make a “big” sacrifice in Makkah and one where she just made tawaaful Ifaada and that was sufficient.

 

What is the ruling on this? Would she also have to perform Tawaaful Wida?

 

Answer

It is permissible for women who is in menses to assume ihram for hajj. In this state she will do all the rituals (of hajj) except the Tawaaf.

 

In a case where a women is in Makka and she wants to perform Umrah, then she will have to go to Taneem to re-assume ihram.

 

Both the above acts are evident from the traditions recorded by Imam Bukhari in which it is stated that the Prophet (S.A.S) said to Aisha (R.A) (who was in her menses at the time of Hajj), ‘go into ihram for hajj. Do what the other pilgrims do, except that you must not make Tawaaf of the house (Kaaba)’. At the end of hajj rituals, when Aisha (R.A) wanted to perform Umrah which she could not perform before hajj (due to the state of menses), the Prophet (S.A.S) called her brother Abdur Rahman and told him to take Aisha (R.A) to Tan’eem where she would go into ihram for Umrah, and then he must bring her to perform Umrah. (Bukhari). It must be noted that a woman will not be able to perform Umrah while being in the state of menses.

 

If a woman could not perform Tawaful Ifadaah on its time (due to being in the state of menses) then the established teaching (from the hadith) is that she must wait in Makka until she becomes pure and then makes the Tawaful Ifadaah. If she does this, then she will not be required to give a big sacrifice.

 

It is important for a woman to understand that making Tawaful Ifadaah is a part of Hajj and without it, the hajj is not complete. It is for this reason, the law regarding the woman who has not performed this Tawaaf (due to her menses) stipulates that she must wait until she becomes pure and then perform the tawaaf before leaving. If her menses continue for a period which makes it difficult for her to remain in makka, then she can travel and then return after some time to perform the Farz Tawaaf (Tawaful Ifadaah). In this situation, she will not be able to have sexual relations with her husband, and if unmarried, she will not be able to marry until she performs this Tawaaf (since she is still in a state of ihram having started her hajj).

 

In light of the problem many women face today, where they are coming with groups from distant lands and tickets etc. are already booked to return, and they are unable to wait alone or return to makka again due to the difficulties involved, the scholars have given an allowance for a women to do the following:

 

1) She must make every effort to wait in makka in order to perform the Tawaful Ifaadah (if she is in her menses). In this regard, leaders of hajj groups should not book their ticket to leave immediately after the five days of hajj. They should delay their return by a few days to cater for sisters who may be in this state.

 

2) Upon becoming pure, the women must make the Tawaaf at her earliest opportunity (while at makka). She should not delay in doing this.

 

3) If waiting in makka (or madina) until one becomes pure is extremely difficult due to the flight arrangements, and it is also difficult to return to makka at another time to perform the Tawaful Ifadaah (seeing that it is costly and one may live in a distant land), then a women, as a first option, may use medication in order to restrain the bleeding at that time, and perform the Tawaaf (due to necessity). If this is not possible, then she should wait until the last day arrives for her to be in makka (in accordance to her groups traveling schedule) and if the menses do not stop until this time , then she should take a bath and quickly go to the ‘Mataaf’ (place of Tawaaf) and make the Tawaful Ifadaah along with the Sa’ee as fast as possible. In this case, she will also give a big sacrifice. Doing the Tawaaf in this state of menses will be sinful, however, it will suffice for the Farz Tawaaf due to a woman’s difficult situation.

 

This allowance has been given by the scholars due to the difficult situation which a woman may face while completing the hajj. It is the position adopted by the Ahnaf (Hanafi) jurists and has been practiced by many scholars. (Al Fiqhul Islam Wa Adilatihi Vol. 3 Pg 2222).

 

If a women performed Tawaful Ifadaah and afterwards got her menses during the time she was required to do Tawaful Wida, then she can leave whithout doing this Tawaaf.

 

And Allah Knows best.

Mufti Waseem Khan

 

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Women trimming each other’s hair in Hajj

 

Question

Is it permissible for women to trim each other?s hair in order to come out from the state of Ihraam, i.e. after all the acts of Hajj are complete and only the trimming of the hair remains?

 

Answer

When a person, male or female, completes all the acts of Hajj before coming out of Ihraam, the Muhrim (person in the state of Ihraam) may cut his own hair or another person's hair even though the other person is also a Muhrim. There will be no penalty for that. (Muallimul Hujjaaj pg.205; Idaratul Qur'aan)

Source

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Some masaail (rulings) regarding Hajj

 

Islam is based on five pillars, the final pillar being the pilgrimage (hajj) to the House of Allah.

It is stated in the Holy Quran:

 

“it is necessary for those who have the means to perform Hajj of the House of Allah, to do so.”

Hajj is farz upon that sane able person who has more than necessary wealth, which can be sent on conveyance (transport) for reaching Makkah and for a moderate daily board and lodge, and has enough to leave behind as expenditure for his family. (Raddul-Muhtar P.450 V.5)

 

Some masaails (rulings) regarding Hajj

Q) Can a woman go for hajj without a Mahram?

A) It is prohibited for women to travel for a distance of three days and three nights without a mahram, whether it is for worldly or Deeni purposes. (Raddul-Muhtar P465 V.3)

 

Q) Hajj is compulsory upon a woman, but she has no mahram. What should she do?

A) If a woman has the means but did not find a mahram to accompany her and passed her whole life in this manner but could not find anyone, then she should make wassiyat in her will that on her death, it is wajib for someone to perform Hajj on her behalf. (Raddul-Muhtar)

 

Q) Is it permissible to cover your face whilst sleeping in the state of ihram?

A) It is not permissible to cover your face in the state of ihraam whilst sleeping.(Hindiyyah P.224 V.1)

 

Applying of perfume or oil

It is Makroh (detestable) for a person in the state of ihraam to smell the flower or the fragrant flower. However, damm (penalty) will not be obligatory. It is prohibited for the Muhrim to use perfume on the body, shawl and on clothings. Similarly, to use perfumed dye or medicine oil to wash the body with a perfume emitting substance is also prohibited.

 

If one put perfume into the food and then cooked it, then no damm (penalty) is wajib even if the smell is overpowering.

 

If the food is uncooked, and the smell is overpowering, then damn is wajib, even if no smell comes from it, and the smell is not overpowering, then there is no damm or sadaqah, even if there is a small, BUT it is makruh to do so.

 

In regards to drinks, if the perfume is mixed and is overpowering, then damm is wajib and if not, then sadaqah is wajib.

(Bahr-Raaiq p3 v.3, Raddul-Muhtar p.576 v.3)

 

Q) Are there any particular slippers I should wear in state of ihraam?

A) There isn’t particular/specific slipper for a man to wear in the state of Ihraam as long as it doesn’t cover the middle bone of the upper part of the feet. (Raddul-Muhtar P.500 V.3)

 

Q) What would a woman do if she starts her menses (period) during the Hajj?

A) If a woman happens to get her menses during the days of hajj she must continue to do all the acts of hajj except for the tawaaf of the Kaabah and Saee. She can only do this once she is clean from her menses.

 

Q) A woman is going for hajj and her time of periods has come, can she alter her monthly cycle using medications (e.g. Birth control pills)?

A) Using such medications affects a woman, thus, without a necessary need, she should avoid using it. (Jadeed Fiqhi-massil p.243 v.1)

 

Q) Can a person send someone for hajj badl who hasn’t gone for hajj himself?

A) It is makruh tanzihi for a person to send another for hajj badl who hasn’t done hajj himself and it will be makruh tahrimi for that particular person to go. (Raddul-Muhtar p.22 V.4)

 

Qurbani

Qurbani- the sacrifice of an animal is recognised as  form of worship during the three days of the month of  Zul- Hijjah, the 10th, 11th, and 12th. This is to remember the sacrifice offered by Ibrahim (as) when, Allah, ordered him to sacrifice his beloved son, Ismail (as).

 

Qurabani is obligatory upon every adult Muslim, male or female, who owns 613.35 grams of silver or its equivalent in money, personal ornaments, stock-in-trade or any other form of wealth which is extra to his basic needs. Furthermore, he must not be a sharee traveller (48 miles).

 

Each adult member of a family who owns the above mentioned amount must perform his own Qurbani separately.

If the husband owns the required quantity and the wife does not, the qurbani is obligatory on the husband only and vice-versa. (Fatwa Hindiyah  p.292 V.5)

 

Q) A person who had the means to do qurbani forgot to do it during the day of Zul- Hijjah, what shall he do?

A) It is obligatory upon him to give the amount of money equivalent to a goat or sheep to some people as charity. (Ahsanul- Fatawa p.480 V.7)

 

Q) What is the ruling for an individual who makes an intention for Qurbani in terms of cutting his hair and nails?

A) It is mustahab (preferable) for him not to cut his hair or his nails or any other hair from other parts of his body. If for some reason one does cut it, then he would not be sinful and would have no effect on his qurbani. (Raddul- Muhtar p.66 V.3)

 

Q) Can a sacrifice be made on behalf of someone else?

A) A sacrifice can be made on behalf of others such as minor offspring. This offering is not wajib, but mustahab. Similarly, if one decides to sacrifice on behalf of the spouse or a father or on behalf of an adult off spring can do so with their permission.

 

A sacrifice can also be made on behalf of a deceased Muslim. This can be classified into two categories:

 

1.      If the deceased had made a will, then it is permissible to sacrifice to fulfil the will but is incumbent to give all the meat of the sacrificed animal to the poor and needy.

 

2.      One may make a voluntary sacrifice from one’s own health for the deceased persons and this meat can be partaken by all rich and poor.

 

Q) Is one required to make Qadha for not doing qurbani in the past?

A) It is obligatory to make up for the past neglected sacrifices of the previous years if he was the owner of nisaab. One will have to give sadaqah for the previous years.

 

Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham.

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Are Women Required to Wear Certain Types of Clothing and Colors During Umrah and Hajj?

 

Answered by Sidi Faraz A. Khan

 

Question:

Is there any fiqh recommendation on what color to wear in umrah (for women)? Is there any requirement as to the type of clothes and shoes to be worn?

 

Answer: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah,

I pray this finds you in the best of health and faith.

 

There are no particular requirements or recommendations specific to women’s clothing or shoes for umrah/hajj, except that it is prohibited for her to cover her face with direct contact. She may, however, have a veil hang from a cap or the like, as long as the clothe does not touch her face. [ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar]

 

Of course, the normal prescriptions and etiquette of clothing would apply, such as to wear loose clothing, of colors that do not draw the attention of men.

 

And Allah alone gives success.

wassalam

Faraz A. Khan

Checked & Approved by Faraz Rabbani

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How much hair does a female required to cut?
 
During umrah or hajj, how much hair does a female required to cut? Also, if a woman is performing umrah and she gets on her period a) during tawaf is her umrah accepted b) if she gets on her period after tawaf right before going to safa and marwah is her umrah accepted?


Answer

(Fatwa: 1051/1051/M=1431)

(1) It will be cut equal to the tip of finger (equal to one third of a finger).

 

(2) It is necessary for the woman to abandon the tawaf in such state, and perform it after the menstruation stops; because tawaf is not lawful in the state of menstruation.

 

(3) She can do Sa’i between Safa and Marwah in the state of menstruation. In-sha-Allah, her Umrah will be accepted.

 

Allah (Subhana Wa Ta’ala) knows Best

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

 

****************************

 

 

Question:

I wanted to know that do women need to cut 1 inch of all the hairs after performing Umrah or only cutting an inch of a bundle of hair will suffice? My wife has quite small hair. That is why she is worried a lot.

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

When a woman comes out of Ihrām, she should cut her hair from all the strands of her plaits (hanging hair) equivalent to 1/3 of a finger. The 1/3 of the finger is measured as the area from the fingertip till the first joint from the three joints of the finger. This is the preferred method of cutting hair.

 

However, if a woman wishes to cut this amount (1/3 of the finger) from ¼ of the hair strands of her plaits, this is sufficient. This is by dividing her plaits (hanging hair) into four equal portions and cutting one portion the measure of 1/3 of a finger as explained above. [1]  Nevertheless, it is better to cut slightly more than this measure to ensure that the required amount is cut. [2]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

Ideal Woman

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Is It Permissible For A Woman To Wear Jewellery In The State Of Ihram?
 
Question:

Is it permissible for a woman to wear jewellery, socks, or gloves in the state of Ihram?

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

It is permissible for women to wear jewellery, socks and gloves in the state of Ihram but this is undesirable.(Mu’allimul Hujjaj pg 124)

 

And Allah knows best;

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Idealwoman.org

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Omitting Tawaaf-e-Widaa’ due to Haidh or Nifaas

 

Q: Is it permissible for a woman to omit tawaaf-e-widaa’ on account of haidh or nifaas?

 

bismillah.jpg

A: Haidh or nifaas is a valid shar’ee excuse for omitting tawaaf-e-widaa’. Hence it is permissible for a woman in the state of haidh or nifaas to omit the tawaaf-e-widaa’.

( وحيضها لا يمنع ) نسكا ( إلا الطواف ) ولا شيء عليها بتأخيره إذا لم تطهر إلا بعد أيام النحر فلو طهرت فيها بقدر أكثر الطواف لزمها الدم بتأخيره لباب ( وهو بعد حصول ركنيه يسقط طواف الصدر ) ومثله النفاس …

قال الشامى: قوله ( يسقط طواف الصدر ) أي يسقط وجوبه عنها كما قدمناه ولا دم عليها كما في اللباب (شامى ج 2 ص 528)

( انظر أيضا: غنية الناسك ص 190, 275/ معلم الحجاج ص 191 / مناسك ملا على ص 252)

قوله ( ولا إحصار بعد ما وقف بعرفة ) فلو وقف بعرفة ثم عرض له مانع لا يتحلل بالهدي بل يبقى محرما في حق كل شيء إن لم يحلق أي بعد دخول وقته وإن حلق فهو محرم في حق النساء لا غير إلى أن يطوف للزيارة فإن منع حتى مضت أيام النحر فعليه أربعة دماء لترك الوقوف بمزدلفة والرمي وتأخير الطواف وتأخير الحلق كما في اللباب والزيلعي وغيرهما ونقله في البحر عن كافي الحاكم الذي هو جمع كلام محمد في كتبه الستة التي هي ظاهر الرواية ثم استشكله في البحر بأن واجب الحج إذا ترك لعذر لا شيء فيه حتى لو ترك الوقوف بمزدلفة خوف الزحام لا شيء عليه الحائض تترك طواف الصدر ولا شك أن الإحصار عذر ثم أجاب بحمل ما هنا على الإحصار بالعدو لا مطلقا فإنه إذا كان بالمرض فهو سماوي يكون عذرا في ترك الواجبات بخلاف ما كان من قبل العبد فإنه لا يسقط حق الله تعالى كما في التميمم اه ونقله في النهر وبه جزم المقدسي في شرح نظم الكنز وذكر مثله في جنايات شرح اللباب قلت ولا ترد مسألة ترك الوقوف لخوف الزحام لما مر في التيمم أن الخوف إن لم ينشأ بسبب وعيد العبد فهو سماوي ( شامي 2/593-594 )

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

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