ummtaalib Posted August 7, 2013 Report Share Posted August 7, 2013 The Sunnat of the Musallah (Eid Gaah) PART 1 All Praise be to Allah for blessing us with the easy Deen which was portrayed by His last Rasul Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and practised by the noble Sahabah (Radhiallahu-anhu). This is a summary of the salient features from the booklet "The Sunnah of the Musallah (Eid-Gaah)" by Shelkul Hadith Hadhrat Moulana Fazlue Rehman Saheb of Darool-Uloom, Azaadville. May Allah grant him long life. This booklet deals with the various aspects of the Eid-Gaah. It also included a fatwa which is certified correct by Hadhrat Mufti Saeed Ahmad Palanpuri Saheb, Ustad of Hadith at Darool-Uloom Deoband. With regard to is he writes: "Hadhrat Moulana Fazlue Rehman Saheb's fatwa is extremely well researched and absolutely correct....". Among the Sunan is the Sunnah of performing Eid Salaat in the open field outside the inhabited area of the town or city. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and the Khulafa-e-Raashideen (the rightly guided Caliphs) attached much importance in performing Eid Salaat on the Musallah (the open field mentioned herein). Despite the great value of the Masjidul Nabawi, Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) left this Masjid on the occasion of Eid-Gaah and proceeded to the Musallah for the Eid Salaat. In addition, Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) greatly stressed the importance of the Eid Salaat at the Musalllah and enjoined upon his companions to do the same. People nowadays, however, have become accustomed to performing the Eid Salaat in the Masjid despite being able to fulfil the Sunnat of the Musallah. EID SALAAT AT THE MUSALLAH IS SUNNATUL MUAKKADAH To perform the Eid Salaat in the Masjid and not on the Musallah is a reality a contradiction of the Sunnat. However, there is no harm if the Eid Salaat is performed in the Masjid for the benefit of the sick and other "mazoor" persons (people with valid Shar'i reasons, such as a very old or weak person) only. Moulana Abdul Hai Farangi Mahalli (Radhiallahu-anhu) has stated that to perform the Eid Salaat at the Musallah is Sunnatul Muakkidah. [Majmooatul Fatawa, Urdu, vol 1 pg 294]. On the footnotes of "Sharhul Wiqayah" (Renown book of jurisprudence compiled by Allama Ubaidullah-ibn-Masood) is written: "The Ulama of our time have differed on this question. The majority have issued the fatwa that it is Sunnatul Muakkidah". Further more it is Sunnatul Maukkidah to perform Eid Salaat at the Musallah even if the Masjid is big enough to accommodate all the musallies. If the Eid Salaat was performed in the Masjid it would be fulfilled. However, this would be in contradiction to the Sunnah. This is the correct view. Mufti Azeezur Rahman (Radhiallahu-anhu) has also affirmed that the correct view according to the Fuqaha (Jurists) is that the performance of the Eid Salaat on the Musallah is Sunnatul Muakiddah. In support of this claim he quoted Moulana Abdul Hai Lawkhnawi (Radhiallahu-anhu) extensively. He writes: "It is proved from the books of Ahaadith and Siyar (Biographies) that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) always performed the Eid Salaat in the "Sahra" (an open field on the outskirts, another name for the Musallah) except on the occasion when it rained despite the fact that the Masjid of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is more virtuous than any other place. Similarly the Khulafa-e-Raashideen also performed their Eid Salaat out in the open. This practice was maintained neither due to any necessity nor merely as a habit, but rather as an act of Ibaadat. This was done so that the reward may be increased due to a large congregation as well as that the strength and grandeur of Islaam may be displayed". [Fatawa Darul Uloom, vol 5, pg 182]. Hadhrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Radhiallahu-anhu) has given a similar fatwa. Similarly Mufti Rashid Ahmed Saheb writes: "Nevertheless in very big cities it is very difficult to go to the outskirts, hence in such a situation Eid Salaat should be performed in some open field within the city". [Ahsanul Fataawa, vol 2, pg 119]. Likewise, Mufti Adul Raheem Lajpuri is also of the opinion that it is Sunnatul Miakiddah to perform Eid Salaat at the Musallah. He Writes: "It is Sunnatul Miakiddah to perform Eid Salaat at the Musallah". It is mentioned in Dural Makhtaar that the "commission of a Makrooh Tahrimi act is like omitting a Wajib act which is a sin". Similar is the case of Sunnatul Muakkidah (to omit it is a sin) [shaami, vol 5, pg 275]. HANAFI VIEW In Durul Makhtaar, the view of the Hanafi Mazhab has been stated thus: "To proceed to the `Jabbana' (Musallah) for the Eid Salaat is Sunnat even if the Masjid can accommodate the crowd" [vol 1, pg 776]. Similarly, Imaam Shaafi (Radhiallahu-anhu) in one narration, Imaam Ahmad bin Hambal (Radhiallahu-anhu) and Imaam Maalik (Radhiallahu-anhu) hold the view that Eid Salaat must be performed at the Musallah. IMAAM MAALIK'S VIEW Imaam Maalik has recorded his view in his "Al-Muatta" as well as in his "AlMudawanatul-Kubra". He has stated that Eid Salaat cannot be performed at two venues in the same city. Similarly people should not perform it in the Masjid. Instead the Eid Salaat should be performed out in the open as was the practice of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam). [Al-Mudawanatul, vol 1, pg 171]. IMAAM AHMAD BIN HANBAL'S VIEW Allama-ibn-Qudama Hanbali (Radhiallahu-anhu) writes in "Al-Maghni": "It is Sunnat that the Eid Salaat should be performed at the Musallah. Hadhrat Ali (Radhiallahu-anhu) has issued an order in this regard". [Al-Mughni, vol 2, pg 372]. IMAAM SHAFI'S VIEW Hafiz ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (Radhiallahu-anhu), a well known scholar of Hadith writes in Fathul-Bari: "Imaam Shafi has stated in Kitabul Umm: `We have learnt that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) used to proceed to the Musallah of Madinah for the Eid Salaat. Those who come after his, followed suit unless it was raining etc. Besides the people of Makkah, those in other cities also adopted this practice". [FathulBari, vol 2, pg 450]. "Only the people of Makkah performed their Eid Salaat in the Masjid. We are not aware of anyone of the pious predecessors having led the Eid Salaat in any other place other than the Masjid of Makkah. Perhaps this is due to the Masjid of Makkah being most virtuous on the earth, hence they did not prefer to perform their Eid Salaat elsewhere. And Allah Ta'aala knows best". [Aathatrus Sunan, vol 2, pg 308]. Imaam Shafi (Radhiallahu-anhu) says that this practice of the people of Makkah (to perform Eid Salaat in the Masjid) was due to the following two reasons: a. The Masjid being very large and capable of accommodating the entire crowd. b. The lack of any wide open field in the surrounding areas (since Makkah is a very mountainous area). [Fathul-Bari, vol 2, pg 950]. Hence one may conclude that the view asserting the preferability of performing Eid Salaat in the Masjid is a weak one. From our discussions we have seen that the practice of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam), the Khulafa-e-Rashideen and the vast majority of the Muslims was to perform Eid Salaat at the Musallah. AlIslam.co.za Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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