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Ghusl (Compulsory Bath)


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3 Faraaidh of Ghusl

  • To gargle the mouth up to the throat. If fasting one should ensure that no water goes down into the stomach otherwise the fast will be nullified
  • To wash the fleshy part inside the nose
  • To wash the whole body making sure that not a single hair is left dry, taking special care that the private parts are thoroughly wet, especially when one stands and takes a bath. (a woman should take particular care so as to ensure that the water reaches into the foreskin of the private part. Ghusl will not be valid if water does not reach this area)



5 Sunnats of Ghusl

  • To wash both hands up to the wrist
  • To wash the private parts and to remove impurities from the body
  • To make intention
  • To perform Wudhu
  • To pour water over the entire body thrice



4 occasions when Ghusl becomes fardh

  • After ejaculation, whether one is awake or in a dream (wet dream)
  • After penetration, whether there has been discharge of sperm or not
  • For a woman after haidh
  • For a woman after child birth when the bleeding stops



4 occasions when Ghusl is Sunnat

  • To make ghusl for Friday
  • To make ghusl for the two ‘eids
  • To make ghusl when coming into the state of ihram for Umrah or Hajj
  • To make ghusl after midday on the plains of Arafat for the Hajji



Occasions when Ghusl is Mustahab

  • After giving ghusl to a dead body
  • When a non Muslim accepts Islam and he is not in a state of impurity (note that if he is in need of a Fardh ghusl then ghusl is Waajib)
  • After unconsciousness and insanity
  • Upon entry into Madeenah
  • During Fajr time at the stopover in Muzdalifah during Hajj
  • For the occasion of Rami of the Jamaraat during Hajj
  • For Salaatul Istisqaa, Salaatul Khawf, Salaatul Haajat, Salaatut Taubah
  • Upon returning from a journey
  • On the occasion of the eclipse of the sun and the moon






Wash both hand up to the wrists 3 times with the intention of cleaning oneself of impurity-wash off filth found on any part of the body-wash both private parts-perform Wudhu according to the sunnat method (feet should be washed at the end if used water does not flow away)-pour water over the head thrice-then pour water over the right shoulder thrice and then the left shoulders thrice. Rub the body while pouring the water to ensure water reaches every part of the body and not a single spot remains dry.



NOTE: If the hair of a woman is plaited she is excused from loosening her plait but it is compulsory for her to wet the base of each and every hair. IF A SINGLE HAIR IS LEFT DRY, GHUSL WILL NOT BE VALID. If she is unable to wet the very bottom of her plaited hair, then it is necessary for her to unplait and wash her entire hair.



* It is not necessary to repeat the entire ghusl if, after ghusl, one recalls that a certain portion of the body was left dry. Merely washing the dry portion will suffice.

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