ummtaalib Posted November 28, 2012 Report Share Posted November 28, 2012 Q. Who are Imam Abu Mansoor al Maaturidi and Imam Abul Hasan al Ash’ari? This is an often asked question and the reply is as follows: To believe in the set of beliefs (Aqeedah) as expounded in the Qur’an and Sunnah and as understood by the Companions, is a prerequisite for a person to be a Muslim. This is a set of quite clear and simple beliefs. However, as Islam spread, Muslims were exposed to other cultures and heritages, Greek philosophy being one of them and Muslims were exposed for the first time to the rational theology of the Greeks. It gave rise to a discipline called ‘Ilmul Qalaam which had not existed during the time of the Prophet s or his illustrious Companions. This branch of knowledge therefore arose out of the need of the time as a climate was created where arguments for and against Islamic beliefs were examined in the light of Greek rational thought. Many delicate and intricate questions arose for which there were no clear texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah and discussions on these issues led to the formation of many groups. In this regard it was Imam al Maaturidi and Imam al Ash’ari who represented the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah and they clarified the position held by the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah in their discourses. It is in regard to the issues of ‘Ilmul Qalaam that the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah follow these two Imams. A point often mentioned is the fact that they differed from each other. They did differ on minor issues of interpretation, however the subject of ‘Ilmul Qalaam is rational thought which in itself allows for differences of opinion. Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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