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  1. Foreword and approval on the research by Shaykh (Mufti) Ebrahim Desai (HA) Moulana Ismail Moosa (Sallamahu) has completed his first year Mufti course at the Darul ifta. There is still much confusion on the issue of masah on socks, especially in America, Canada, UK, and the Middle East countries where masah is made on regular cotton or nylon socks This is of particular concern to people performing Salah behind Imams who make masah on regular cotton or nylon socks. The Darul Iftaa regularly receives queries i n this regard. Amongst other queries are the follow ing: Is the Imams wudhu valid? Is the follower’s wudhu valid? Should we perform our own Salah etc.? Recently, a new sock, SealSkinz has come into the market and the position of wiping on that is being queried. Alhamdulillah, Moulana Ismail Moosa (Sallamahu) in this document has discussed the issue in much detail. Healso proves the impermissibility of masah on regular cotton socks. He concludes that masah on SealSkinz is permissible. This treatise should be presented to Imams and trustees of the Masaajid. The issue of masah on regularsocks MUST be considered before appointing a person as an Imam of the Masjid. (Mufti) Ebrahim Desai Saheb An extensive Research on Wiping on Socks by Shaykh (Mufti) Ismail Moosa (HA)
  2. Islamic Viewpoint on Voting By Shaykh Mufti Zubair Dudha Islãmic Tarbiyah Academy A Muslim is that person whose every action is for Allah. Every single deed, every movement such as walking, sitting, worshipping, working, marrying, and dealing in business or politics, is done solely for the pleasure of Allah. Since voting during an election is also an action it is necessary for us to understand and learn about the correct Deeni position of the vote. Unfortunately very few people, if any, find time to think, ponder, enquire and learn about Islãmic rulings concerning our daily activities because most people indulge in innumerable actions which are useless and base, and can spare no time for anything else. THE POSITION OF VOTING IN ISLÃM In the 9th Verse of Surah Mã’idah Allah Ta’ãla says: “O You who believe, stand out firmly for Allah as witnesses to fair dealing and let not hatred of others make you swerve and depart from justice.” In Islãm, voting comprises of six elements viz. 1) That of giving evidence, 2) That of intercession, 3) The element of appointing some representative, 4) Mashwarah (consultation), 5) Wakala (Agency of proxy), 6) Bai’ah (pledging of allegiance). 1) Giving evidence encompasses a very wide field of definition and is not restricted merely to the Court House before a Magistrate or Judge as is the general assumption to-day. The terminology of the Qur’ãn and Hadith with respect to giving evidence covers a considerably broader meaning. Mufti Muhammad Shafi ® in his Ma’ãriful Qur’ãn, whilst commenting on the above verse, has written that the giving of evidence may be found in many other circumstances. For instance, a doctor who issues a medical certificate confirming that some patient is so sick that he should not attend to his duties, is in reality giving a form of evidence. So too is the case of an adjudicator or lecturer assessing the answer papers of students. Allotting of marks is Shahãdah, and if he intentionally or carelessly either reduces or increases a student’ marks, he is actually giving false evidence, which as we know is Harãm and a major sin. In a similar manner voting for any Candidate to enter Parliament or other such Assembly is also a form of giving evidence. In this case the Voter is testifying that the Candidate for whom the Vote is being cast is trustworthy, Allahfearing, very capable and most suitable to represent the masses. (Ma’ãriful Qur’ãn Vol. 3 P. 70/71). 2) The next aspect of the Shar’iah to be found in elections is the element of intercession. The role played by the voter in an election is one of interceding, for in actual fact he is intervening on behalf of some candidate who wants to be made a representative of the people. In this way the voter has a share in the good and evil actions of the elected person. Thus if the elected person carries out good work during his stay in office then whatever rewards he will benefit from this, a share will also be due to the voter. Similarly, if the elected candidate does wrong by indulging in un-Islãmic and non-permissible actions then the evil and sin from this shall reach the Voter. 3) Representation – The Voter appoints some person as his representative. If such a representation is only there for the benefit of an individual then the responsibility is limited; but where an entire community is implicated as is the case for elections and an ill-equipped or wrong person is appointed by means of this vote then the rights of the whole community have been usurped. This would mean that the sin of usurping the rights of the whole community falls upon the neck of the Voter, as mentioned in Ma’ãriful Qur’ãn Vol. 1 P. 73. 4) Mashwarah – Voting as a form of consultation. Thus a prospective voter is offering suggestion as to who, in his opinion is the most entitled to receive the vote. 5) Wakala – Agency of proxy. Where the candidate is made an agent/representative on behalf of the person that has appointed him by vote. 6) It is the form of political Bai’ah (pledging of allegiance) to the candidate, regarding him as most suitable for the post. These elements of an election which govern voting in Islãm make it compulsory upon every Muslim to exercise meticulous care in ones choice of a representative in P a r l i a m e n t , Ma s j i d , Madrassah, Waqf etc. One must make a careful study of his candidate and ask the questions; What type of person is he? Is he trustworthy? Does he possess the ability to represent the community? Does he practise righteousness and piety? VOTING IN NON MUSLIM COUNTRIES It will be permissible to vote under such circumstances where we fear that our religious rights will not be fully preserved and upheld unless we align ourselves with a movement all be it a non Muslim movement that will strive to protect and secure our religious rights. In reply to a query regarding participation in non Muslim politics, Shaykh Mufti Kifayatullah ® wrote; “The ideal situation would be that the political leader of Muslims should be a Muslim who strictly adheres to the injunctions of the Shar’iah and diligently follows the Commands of Allah. However, if a person with such qualities is unfortunately not available to fill the post, or the Muslim community, due to the misfortune of its inadequacies, is unable to recognise and nominate a person of such calibre to the post, then it would become permissible to align oneself with any political thinker, whether it be Jinnah or Ghandi provided that there is assurance of the legality and benefit of this political leadership.” (Kifãyatul Mufti Vol. 9). Shaykh Mufti Mahmood Hasan Gangohi ®, writes in reply to a query regarding the issue of voting; “If by voting there is some benefit to the Deen, nation and country and it is strongly hoped that the party or candidate voted into power will render correct service, then it will be permissible to vote.” (Fatãwa Mahmoodiyah Vol. 5 P.341). In conclusion, one should be very cautious before giving their vote to any political party. If one finds all parties non beneficial to Deen and our rights then it will be better not to vote.
  3. By Shaykh Mufti Zubair Dudha Islãmic Tarbiyah Academy 45 Boothroyd Lane, West Town, Dewsbury. W. Yorkshire. WF13 2RB. Tel/Fax: (01924) 450422 www. islamictarbiyah.com email: [email protected] Islãm is a religion which provides and guarantees freedom of ideas, thought and life. It has issued commands to prevent and forbid tension, disputes, slander and even negative thinking among people. In the same way Islãm is determinedly opposed to terrorism and all acts of violence. One should note that recent ‘Muslim’ activities which are categorised as terrorism are but a part of the overall terrorist activities which take place around the globe. As is known, for centuries, various acts of terrorism have been carried out in different parts of the world by different groups for a variety of purposes. Sometimes a communist organisation, sometimes a fascist group, and sometimes radical separatist factions assume responsibility for these acts. The terrorist activities of the IRA and the Loyalist had been going on for more than three decades, Kurdish Workers Party, RAF (Red Army Faction) and Neo-Nazis in Germany, ETA in Spain, Red Brigades in Italy, Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka and many other organisations seek to make their voices heard through terror and violence by killing innocent and defenceless people. Demonising Islãm The media say, so consequently do the politicians, that this violence and terrorism actually goes back into the roots of Islãm, into its religious roots with the dream of world domination, are deemed to be the roots of Islãm. This is why the terminology is carefully tailored to fit this pattern. If Pakistan makes a bomb, a nuclear bomb, it is christened as an ‘Islãmic bomb’. The Bomb which was dropped on Hiroshima was not a Christian bomb; the bomb made by India is not a Hindu bomb. Similarly Israel possesses nuclear armaments yet it is not labelled the Jewish bomb. There is little doubt that the IRA has very deep Catholic roots and the Protestant groups allied against it also have deep religious roots. But no one deduces their terrorist activities to Christianity, to Catholicism or to Protestantism. Similarly the Buddhists were responsible for the genocide in Cambodia and bloodshed in Sri Lanka. This wasn’t attributed to Buddhism, nor was Stalin described as an atheist extremist. Muslim activities, however, are attributed immediately to Islãm. As far as Islãm is concerned sanctity of human life, is supreme. Allah Ta’ãla clearly tells us in the Qur’ãn; “….if someone kills another person, unless it is in retaliation for someone else or for causing corruption on earth- it is as if he had murdered all mankind. And if anyone gives life to another r person, it is as if he had given life to all mankind..” (Surah Mã’ida V .32). “Allah does not love corruption” (Surah Baqarah V.205). “Eat and drink of Allah’s provision and do not go about the earth corrupting it.” (Surah Baqarah V.60). “Allah does not uphold the works of those who cause mischief.” (Surah Yunus V. 81). With regards committing suicide Allah Ta’ãla says; “Do not kill yourselves.” (Nisã V. 29). Thus Allah Ta’ãla has declared suicide to be a sin. In Islãm it is forbidden for anyone to kill himself or herself for no matter what reason. Committing suicide and carrying out suicide attacks, and causing the deaths of innocent people while doing so, is a total violation of Islãmic morality. Allah Ta’ãla tells us; “…do not go beyond the limits. Allah does not love those who go beyond the limits”. (Surah Baqarah V.190). This verse clearly mentions that one should never transgress the limits and boundaries of Islãm, no matter what the circumstances and degree of anger a Muslim is still bound to the laws of Allah. Taking matters into one’s own hands and committing acts that are contrary to Islãm is transgression which is greatly disliked by Allah. Even at the time of war the Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) reminded the believers numerous times about this subject and by his own practice became a role model for others to follow. He addressed the believers who were about to go to war in the following terms; “Go to war in adherence to the religion of Allah. Never touch the elderly, women or children. Always improve their situation and be kind to them. Allah loves those who are sincere”. (Ahmad). The Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi asallam) clarified the attitude Muslims must adopt even when they are in the middle of ragging battle; “Do not kill children. Avoid touching people who devote themselves to worship in churches! Never murder women and the elderly. Do not set trees on fire or cut them down. Never destroy houses”. (Bukhãri). The Islãmic principles Allah proclaims in the Qur’ãn account for this peaceful and temperate policy of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). In the Qur’ãn, Allah Ta’ãla commands Muslims to treat the non- Muslims kindly and justly; “Allah does not forbid you from being good to those who have not fought you over religion or driven you from your homes, or from being just towards them. Allah loves those who are just. Allah merely forbids you from taking friends those who have fought you over religion and driven you from your homes and who supported your expulsion…” (Surah Mumtahinah V.8-9). Misconception of Jihãd The narrow vision of the media has portrayed Islãm as a bloodthirsty, trigger happy, militant ideology bent on killing every non Muslim. The word ‘Jihãd’ conjures up images of bearded men with fiery eyes marching down a street armed with guns and swords shouting “Allahu Akbar”. Muslims are branded as terrorists, extremists and fundamentalist. Islãm has become synonymous with the sword and every skirmish or uprising is hallowed as Jihãd. Both Muslims and non Muslims remain appallingly ignorant of the true spirit and implications of Jihãd. The word Jihãd is generally misconstrued as holy war. It is often confused with “Qitãl” which means fighting. In Islãmic terminology Jihãd means; striving in the path of Allah. It is the unceasing effort of an individual towards self purification and the collective struggle of a community against all forms of corruption, injustice and tyranny. Fighting for the cause of Islãm (Qitãl) is but one aspect of Jihãd. It is a historical fact that from early dawn of history until now, humanity has suffered from local, civil and global wars. War is a necessity of existence, a fact of life. Even today humanity lives under the constant fear of war in many hot spots of the world. The realistic approach of Islãm recognises war as lawful and justifiable course for the restoration of justice, freedom and peace. War is not an objective in Islãm, i t is resorted to under extraordinary circumstances when all other measures fail. Islãm is a religion of peace, the daily greeting of a Muslim is ‘peace’, the word Muslim means ‘peace’. Paradise is the abode of ‘peace’. However when peace is undermined Islãm permits Jihãd as the ultimate arbiter of men’s disputes under three circumstances; 1) As a defensive strategy. 2) As a punitive strategy. 3) As a preventive strategy. The Humane laws of Jihãd The first Caliph Abu Bakr (R.A.) while dispatching the army to Palestine said: “O People! Stop. I enjoin upon your ten commandments. Remember them; do not embezzle do not cheat do not mutilate do not break trust do not kill a minor child or an old man or woman of advanced age do not hew down a date palm nor burn it do not cut down a fruit tree do not slaughter a goat, cow or a camel except for food, maybe you will pass near people who have secluded themselves in convents, leave them in their seclusion. People will present to you meals of many kinds, you may eat; but do not forget to mention the name of Allah”. (Tabari). Islãm makes a distinction between ordinary civilians and combatants. It does not permit the killing of minors, women, the aged, sick and the monks. The British historian Karen Armstrong, a former nun and expert on middle East history, in her book Holy War, which examines the history of the three divine religions makes the following remarks acknowledging peace in Islãm; “….The word Islãm comes from the same Arabic root as the word ‘peace’ and the Qur’ãn condemns war as an abnormal state of affairs opposed to God’s will. Islãm does not justify a total aggressive war of extermination. Islãm recognises that war is inevitable and sometimes a positive duty in order to end oppression and suffering. The Qur’ãn teaches that war must be limited and be conducted in as humane way as possible. Mohammad had to fight not only the Meccans but also the Jewish tribes in the area and Christian tribes in Syria who planned on offensive against him in alliance with the Jews. Yet this did not make Mohammed denounce the People of the Book. His Muslims were forced to defend themselves but they were not fighting a ‘holy war’ against religion of their enemies. When Mohammed sent his freeman Zaid against the Christians at the head of a Muslim army, he told them to fight in the cause of God bravely but humanely. They must not molest priests, monks and nuns nor the weak and helpless people who were unable to fight. There must be nomassacre of civilians nor should they cut down a single tree nor pull down any building”. (Holy War-Karen Armstrong). Conclusion Muslims throughout the world are facing a defining moment. Muslims must recapture the true spirit of Islãm, and reclaim it from those who have harmed its integrity and honour by attaching terrorism with Islãm. True Islãm cannot in any way, shape or form be associated with terrorism. It is in complete contradistinction to it, for without a doubt, Islãm itself denounces Terrorism.
  4. Assalaamu 'alaykum! The following changes have been made to the Furum. Please read all the rules. 1. Please maintain modesty when addressing the opposite gender on the Forum. No light banter, no exchange of email addresses or personal information. Make posts to the point and platonic. Any comments contrary to modesty will be deleted 2. Please follow the general Islamic guidelines of Aadaab (Proper conduct relating to each other) 3. Private Messaging between members has been disabled to avoid any form of fitnah 4. Emoticons have been disabled. 5. No pictures of animated objects are allowed on the forum and this includes avatars. If your avatar displays a picture please ensure it is changed. Being an Islamic Forum we adhere to the laws of Allah subhaanhanu wata'ala. We aim to keep the forum free of any form of intermingling between genders. Please maintain the laws of Allah subhaanhau wata'ala. Jazaakumullaah.
  5. Question: When the menses period of a woman terminates – how does she establish when to perform ghusl? For example: does she wait for the appearance of white discharge, wait for 24 hours after the bleeding stops, or perform ghusl when the bleeding stops? Note sometimes bleeding may stop but may re-occur again. Answer: In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh A woman may perform ghusl and pray Salah immediately upon the termination of her menses. She is not required to wait for 24 hours or the appearance of white discharge. If she knows her regular cycle such as 7 days, then immediately upon the completion of the 7th day, the menses will terminate and she will perform ghusl and pray her Salah. If she witnesses bleeding after the 7th day, it will be considered Haidh (menses) until the 10th day. Any bleeding which occurs after the 10th day will be considered Istihadah (irregular bleeding). [2] And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best Checked and Approved by, Mufti Ebrahim Desai. [2] يشترط استمرار الدم في كامل مدة الحيض حتي يكون حيضا، ولكن العبرة لاوله وآخره. (منهل الواردين، ص311، دار الفكر) اذا انقطع الدم قبل الثلاثة، او جاوز العشرة- حقيقة او حكما- في المعتادة، تومر بقضاء الصلاة. (منهل الواردين، ص312، دار الفكر)
  6. Q. Who are Imam Abu Mansoor al Maaturidi and Imam Abul Hasan al Ash’ari? This is an often asked question and the reply is as follows: To believe in the set of beliefs (Aqeedah) as expounded in the Qur’an and Sunnah and as understood by the Companions, is a prerequisite for a person to be a Muslim. This is a set of quite clear and simple beliefs. However, as Islam spread, Muslims were exposed to other cultures and heritages, Greek philosophy being one of them and Muslims were exposed for the first time to the rational theology of the Greeks. It gave rise to a discipline called ‘Ilmul Qalaam which had not existed during the time of the Prophet s or his illustrious Companions. This branch of knowledge therefore arose out of the need of the time as a climate was created where arguments for and against Islamic beliefs were examined in the light of Greek rational thought. Many delicate and intricate questions arose for which there were no clear texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah and discussions on these issues led to the formation of many groups. In this regard it was Imam al Maaturidi and Imam al Ash’ari who represented the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah and they clarified the position held by the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah in their discourses. It is in regard to the issues of ‘Ilmul Qalaam that the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah follow these two Imams. A point often mentioned is the fact that they differed from each other. They did differ on minor issues of interpretation, however the subject of ‘Ilmul Qalaam is rational thought which in itself allows for differences of opinion.
  7. Imam Abu Hanifa ra Out of the four Imams, Imam Abu Hanifah ra has the greatest following. He is known as the “Lamp of the Ummah” and “The leader of the Jurists”. He was a pious, kind and generous person. He was born in the era of the Sahaaba RA in Kufa, Iraq in 80 AH. Kufa was the centre of learning in those times. He was a Tabi’ee (one who has met the Companions) and closest to the era of the Prophet s. Great Scholars and Jurists have acknowledged his eloquence in judicial matters and in understanding complex issues. Imam Shafi’ee said about him, “Mankind is dependant on Imam Abu Hanifa in the field of jurisprudence”. Imam Maalik stated, “Imam Abu Hanifa has been granted such a deep insight in jurisprudence that he experiences no perplexity in Fiqh”. A distinctive feature of the Hanafi Madhab is it’s liberality. Imam Abu Hanifa interpreted most laws in favour of man and Schiolars agree that he erected a very tolerant system of law. The Deen was made very moderate, sensible and easy to follow. The Prophet s said, “The best religion is the easiest religion” We of the Asian subcontinent inhabited a land where the Hanafi Madhab was predominant and this predominance was not the result of our effort or choice. Scholars and books of Hanafi Fiqh was established in these lands and it would have been difficult to acquire knowledge of the Shari’at through another Madhab. Imam Abu Hanifah ra was jailed and tortured for not accepting the post of Chief Justice. He was forcefully made to drink poison in prison and he died at the age of 70 in the posture of sujood. 50,000 people attended his funeral. Imam Maalik ra Was born in 93 AH in Madinah. He was a Tabi-Taabe’ee and he acquired his knowledge from great teachers within Madinah. Here he spent his life acquiring and imparting knowledge and here he died in 179 AH. Imam Shafi’ee ra Was born in a town in Syria in 150 AH. He was a very learned scholar. At the age of 2 he was taken to Makkah where he started acquiring knowledge, after which he gained education in Madinah. At the age of 7 he knew the whole Qur’an with knowledge of it’s meaning and he learnt Imam Malik’s “Muatta” at the age of 10. He was very intelligent and eloquent and people came from far and wide to attend his teachings. He was very generous, broad-minded and understanding. He died at the age of 58 on a Friday in Egypt. Imam Ahmad Ibne Hambal ra Was born in Baghdad in 164 AH. His pious and scholastic ways were recognised at a very early age. He acquired knowledge from the great scholars of Baghdad and then he travelled to Kufa, Basra, Makkah, Madinah, Syria etc. He died at the age of 77 in 241 AH in Baghdad and 600 000 people attended his funeral with rows formed throughout the city. Even non-muslims mourned his death as they had expressed their admiration for him during his life.
  8. Although he loved peace, Salahuddin Ayyubi became one of the world's greatest warriors. He was born in Tekrit in 1138 CE when his father Ameer Najmudin was the ruler of Tekrit. He was brought up by his noble father and talented uncle, Asad-ud-din Shirkhu. Salahuddin was a very intelligent and noble person. He loved peace and never enjoyed fighting battles. But all changed when Salahuddin was ordered to go to Egypt with his uncle. He went to Egypt many times with his uncle to fight two enemies, the Franks and the Batnids. After his uncle's death, he became the commander and Vizier of Egypt. Salahuddin Ayyubi never lived in the palace. Instead, he lived in a small house near the mosque. Salahuddin had a great love for Islam and as the vizier and general of Egypt, he tried hard to root out the Crusaders. For this purpose, he maintained a strong army. He established peace and prosperity throughout the country. From the beginning, many prejudiced Egyptian ministers disliked him. When they saw he was winning the hearts of the Egyptian people they did many conspiracies against him but due to Salahuddin's wisdom, they were defeated. When the Fatmid caliph Al Aziz died, Salahuddin became the ruler of Egypt. When Salahuddin took over Damascus the people opened the gates of the city to him and greeted him warmly. The Crusaders were not happy by Salahuddin's increasing power and success. Uniting their forces, they planned a decisive attack on Muslim area. Battle of Hittin took place. Muslims won under the leadership of Salahuddin. Thousands of Crusaders were arrested. Salahuddin treated the prisoners with tolerance. In 1187 CE, Salahuddin conquered Jerusalem. Thousands of Crusaders were arrested. However, when their mothers, sisters, and wives appealed to Salahuddin, he released them. Many crusaders were ransomed. However, he paid for many of them. In addition, he provided them transport, etc. He allowed neither massacre nor looting. He gave free pardon to all citizens. He even arranged for their traveling. He granted freedom to Christians to leave the city if they paid a small tribute. Salahuddin paid it, himself, for about ten thousand poor people. His brother paid it for seven thousand people. Salahuddin also allocated one of the gates of the city for people who were too poor to pay anything that they leave from there. On Friday 27th Rajab 583 AH, Salahuddin entered Jerusalem. After entering the city they went straight to the Mosque and cleaned it. Then for the first time in more then 80 years, the people of Jerusalem heard the Azan (call of prayer) from Al Aqsa Mosque. Further Reading: Great Muslims: Salahuddin Ayyubi http://www.albalagh.net/kids/history/salahudin.shtml
  9. The Holy Land saw peace and justice during 1300 years of Muslim rule and persecution of Jews, Christians, and Muslims at other times. Posted: 28 Safar 1423, 11 May 2002 Pal estine is the land of prophets. Many prophets were born or died in Palestine, including Prophets Ibrahim (Abraham), Lut (Lot), Dawood (David), Suleiman (Solomon), Musa (Moses), and Isa (Jesus), alayhimu-salam. Baitul-Maqdis in Palestine was the first Qibla (direction in which Muslims face when praying) too, and Muslims prayed facing Baitul-Maqdis for around 14 years, after which Allah ordered the Qibla to be changed towards the Kaabah in Makkah. Early History The Canaanites are the earliest known inhabitants of Palestine. They were thought to have lived in Palestine in the third millennium BC. Then Pharaonic Egypt controlled the area for much of the second millennium BC. Prophet Musa, alayhi-salam, was born in Palestine during this time. When Egyptian power began to weaken, new invaders appeared: the Hebrews, a group of Semitic tribes from Mesopotamia; and the Philistines, after whom the country (Philistia) was later named, an Aegean people of Indo-European stock. The Israelites, a confederation of Hebrew tribes, defeated the Canaanites, but the struggle with the Philistines was more difficult. The Philistines had established an independent state on the southern coast of Palestine and controlled the Canaanite town of Jerusalem. The Philistines were superior in military organization and severely defeated the Israelites in about 1050 BC. Then, in around 995 BC, Prophet Dawood, alayhi-salam, Israel's king, united the Hebrew tribes and eventually defeated the Philistines. The three groups (Canaanites, Philistines, and Israelites) assimilated with each other over the years. The unity of Israelite tribes enabled Prophet Dawood, alayhi-salam, to establish a large independent state, with its capital at Jerusalem. After the death of Prophet Dawood, alayhi-salam, in around 961 BC Prophet Sulayman, alayhi-salam, his son, became the new king of Israel Construction and Destruction of the First Temple Prophet Sulayman, alayhi-salam, built a magnificent place of worship, the First Temple, which housed the Ark of the Covenant, a sacred chest holding the tablets inscribed with the Ten Commandments. Soon after his death, the kingdom was divided into two parts: northern Israel and southern Judah. Pagan Assyrians overran Israel in 721 BC. They destroyed the First Temple. In 538 BC Persian emperor Cyrus defeated the Babylonians and Jews were allowed to return to Jerusalem. Construction and Destruction of the Second Temple In 515 BC the Jews built the Second Temple at the same site of the First Temple. Alexander conquered Palestine in 332 BC. Three centuries later, the Romans entered Jerusalem. Herod, the client king for the Roman Empire expanded the Second Temple but destroyed the religion. Then Prophet Isa, alayhi-salam, was born, around 4 BC. Jews joined with Roman paganism to persecute Prophet Jesus and his followers. In 70 CE, Titus of Rome laid siege to Jerusalem. The Herodian Temple eventually fell, and with it the whole city. Seeking a complete and enduring victory, Titus ordered the total destruction of the city. A new city named Aelia was built on the ruins of Jerusalem, and a temple dedicated to Jupitor was raised. Christian Rule of Palestine In 313 CE the Roman emperor Constantine I legalized Christianity. Palestine, as the Holy Land, became a focus of Christian pilgrimage. Most of the population became Hellenized and Christianized. In 324 CE Constantine of Byzantium marched on Aelia. He rebuilt the city walls and commissioned the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and opened the city for Christian pilgrimage. In the year 620 CE, Isra' wal Mi'raj took place. On this night, in a miraculous way, the Prophet was taken on a momentous journey from Makkah to Jerusalem and from there to heaven. The Night Journey was a great miracle that Muslims believe was given to Prophet Muhammad as an honor and also to impress upon the Muslims the importance of Jerusalem to them. The Night Journey from Makkah to Jerusalem is called al-Isra' and the ascension from Jerusalem to the heaven is called al-Mi'raj. Both of these events took place on the same night. Angel Gabriel took Prophet Muhammad from Makkah to Jerusalem. There he met all the Prophets and Messengers and led them in prayers. Then it is reported that the Prophet stood at the Sacred Rock (al-Sakhrah al-Musharrafah), went to the heavens. He arrived back in Makkah the same night. Muslim Rule of Palestine The Byzantines who ruled Jerusalem at this time were very harsh. They not only barred Jews from entering Jerusalem, but also persecuted Christians who did not follow the same sect as them. On the other hand, Muslims had the reputation for mercy and compassion in victory. So when the Muslims marched into Palestine in 638 CE, the people of Jerusalem gave up the city only after a brief siege. They made just one condition, that the terms of their surrender be negotiated directly with the Khalifah Umar, Radi-Allahu anhu, in person. Sayyidna Umar, Radi-Allahu anhu, agreed to come and entered Jerusalem on foot. There was no bloodshed or massacres. Those who wanted to leave were allowed to leave, with all their goods. Those who wanted to stay were guaranteed protection for their lives, property and places of worship. The conquest of Palestine by the Muslims put an end to centuries of instability, religious persecution, and colonial rule. After the advent of Islam, people enjoyed security, safety and peace. Schools, mosques and hospitals were founded. Palestine was a center of learning from which a large number of scholars graduated. The conquest of Palestine by the Muslims began the 1300 years of Muslim rule, with the exception of the period of the Crusades (1099-1187) in what then became known as Filastin. The Christian occupation of Palestine began after the sermon which pope Urban the second delivered in 1095 CE, when he incited the Christians to rescue the Holy Sepulcher from the hands of the Muslims. The Holy Land fell after a month of siege. The Crusades entered it in 1099 CE and massacred its residents not sparing the infants or elderly, and the number killed went over seventy thousand. Then the Crusaders established a Latin kingdom. During the occupation, massacres and great injustices were committed against the Muslim, Jewish and native Christian residents of the area. Finally, in 1187 CE, Palestine was liberated by the Muslims under the leadership of Salatuddin Ayyubi, who brought back Islamic law to the area. Peace and justice once again ruled Palestine, and everyone, regardless of their religion, was allowed to live there peacefully The Founding of Israel and Palestine Today The first serious plan for the establishment of the country of Israel was in the Bale conference in Switzerland in 1897 CE. The conference succeeded and was attended by 204 of those invited, where they decreed the establishment of a nation for the Jews in Palestine. After the Bale conference, the Jewish movement became active which led Sultan Abdul Hameed (the then Khalifah) to deliver his famous decree in 1900 to stop the Jewish pilgrims from residing in Palestine for longer than three months. Sultan Abdul Hameed knew very well the designs and plans of the Jews. Contact with the Sultan was commenced by the Jews in 1882 when the Friends of Zion society put up a request to the Ottoman council in Russia for residence in Palestine. The Sultan responded: "The Ottoman government hereby decrees to all the Jews who desire to migrate to Turkey that they will not be permitted to reside in Palestine." The Jews were angered and began to send delegation after delegation each of which returned with a response more severe than the one preceding it. Then in 1901, Sultan Abdul Hameed passed a law forbidding the sale of any land in Palestine to the Jews. In 1902, Herzl formed another delegation to meet with the Sultan a second time after he attempted to convince him in 1896. The Sultan refused to meet with him, so they went to the Prime Minister Tahsin Basha with their suggestions. They offered the repayment of the entire debt of the Ottoman government which were to the extent of twenty three million gold English pounds, and to build a fleet for he protection of the empire costing two hundred and thirty million gold franc, and to offer an interest free loan to the value of thirty five million gold lira to revive the treasury. All these offers were in return for permission by the Sultan to the Jews to establish a Jewish nation in Palestine; that is to sell the lives and livelihood of the Palestinian people and the holy land for these offers. Sultan Abdul Hameed rejected all these offers After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the First World War, Britain and France signed the Sykes-Picot Agreement, which divided the Arab region into zones of influence. Palestine submitted to the British occupation and at the same time the ratios of Jewish migration began to increase with support from the non-Muslim countries. Balfour Declaration. In 1917 CE the British government made promises to Arab leaders for an independent Arab state that would include Palestine (the Hussain-McMahon correspondence). Simultaneously, and secretly, it issued the Balfour Declaration, which declared Palestine to be a homeland for Jews. At that time Jews made up approximately 8% of the population of Palestine and owned approximately 2.5% of the land. Hundreds of thousands of Muslims were forced out of Palestine by the Jewish terrorist groups such as the Irgun, Levi, and Haganot, In 1918 the British and their Arab nationalist allies defeated the Ottomans. The British dismembered the Ottoman Empire and occupied Palestine. The British immediately began a campaign of immigrating European Jews to Palestine. By 1947, the number of Jews in Palestine had reached approximately six hundred and fifty thousand (31% of the total population). They began to establish organizations, which were trained in organized terrorism. From these a large number were trained in and participated in the Second World War in order to gain experience and skills to go to battle in Palestine in the next stage. So when the United Nations decreed the division of Palestine, the Jews had seventy five thousand armed and trained members. Jewish Terrorism In 1948 the Jews claimed the establishment of a state for themselves over the land of Palestine and called it Israel. Hundreds of thousands of Muslims were forced out of Palestine under the military pressure of Jewish terrorist groups such as the Irgun, Levi, and Haganot, which were financed and armed by the British army as well as US Jewry. In 1967 Israel attacked Egypt, Jordan and Syria and occupied more land including for the first time Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa. Since that time Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa has been the target of several attempts by the Jews to destroy or burn it, including attempts to collapse it through underground excavations In December 1987, the Palestinians began an uprising (Intifada) in the West Bank and Gaza Strip against the continued Jewish occupation. On September 28, 2000, Ariel Sharon broke into Masjid Al-Aqsa with 3000 Zionist soldiers profaning the Masjid Al-Aqsa to provoke the Palestinians. Palestinians protested and the second intifada began. Since then thousands of Palestinian civilians have been killed by the Israeli army, and there is no end in sight. http://www.albalagh.net/kids/history/palestine.shtml
  10. 615 CE Muslims migrate to Abyssinia to escape persecution from the Makkans. The king of Abyssinia, Negus, treats them well and later accepts Islam, himself. 670 CE,50 A.H Qairowan (in present-day Tunisia) founded by Uqbah bin Nafi, Radi-Allahu anhu. 680 CE, 60 A.H Uqbah bin Nafi, Radi-Allahu anhu, marches west and claims Africa for Islam. 698 CE, 78 A.H Byzantines flee from Carthage and Muslims get full power on the Berber Country. 750 CE, 132 A.H Muslim Arabs have created a huge Islamic Empire in Middle East. 900 CE, 287 A.H Arab Merchants come to live in Ghana. And as Arabs gain more influence, they teach the people of Ghana about Islam. Many government officials and merchants convert to Islam. Some merchants spend large funds to builds mosques. Among the first converts were the Mandinke people from the Southern Sahara. They served as middlemen between Arab traders and Wangara. The Mandinke build small trading companies that made contact with many different people. They spread Islam throughout West Africa. Many people converted to Islam because they were impressed by its teachings and the conduct of the early Muslims. Islam stressed brotherhood of all believers. This also encouraged peaceful trade between people of different nations. 1000CE, 390 A.H The city of Timbuktu is founded. As traders settle there, they bring Islamic scholars with them. Islamic scholars spoke and wrote Arabic. West African tribes spoke many different languages and so Islam gave them one language to speak. Nearly every Muslim in Timbuktu learned to read and write. Learning Qur'an was important for West African Muslims. 1087 CE, 480 A.H Soninke gain control from Al Moravids. 1100CE, 493 A.H Berbers, who had long been Muslims, battle for power. 1203 CE, 599 A.H King Sumanguru over throws Soninke king. 1235 CE, 632 A.H King of Mali defeats King Sumanguru and Mali replaces Ghana. This year marked the fall of Ghana. 1307 CE, 706 A.H Mansa Musa, a devout Muslim, becomes king of Mali. Under his rule, conversions to Islam greatly increased. 1324 CE, 724 A.H Mansa Musa makes pilgrimage to Makkah and after this pilgrimage, European merchant get interested in Mali's wealth. Mansa Musa had brought Muslim scholars from Makkah to teach in Mali's learning centers. Mali's border also expanded under Mansa Musa's rule. 1332 CE, 732 A.H Mansa Musa dies. Mali is ruled by a series of kings who are unable to protect it's vast territories. Songhai begins to revolt. People from south raid Mali's southern border. 1400 CE, 802 A.H Mali slowly weakens. Berber's take over the trade and learning centers of Timbuktu and Walata. 1435 CE, 838 A.H Songhai's prince declares Gao's independence from Mali. 1464 CE, 868 A.H Songhai begins conquering neighbors under leadership of Sunni Ali, a Muslim. Gao becomes Songhai's capital. After Sunni Ali died, his son, a non-Muslim, takes over. 1490 CE, 895 A.H Askia Muhammad over throws Sunni Ali's son and becomes king of Songhai declaring Islam as the state religion. Askia Muhammad encourages non-Muslims to convert and invites scholars to his country and his country becomes a city of learning. 1500 CE, 905 A.H As the number of Muslims increase, Songhai becomes the greatest empire of Africa. 1585 CE, 993 A.H Morocco ruler captures Songhai's salt mines. 1590 CE, 998 A.H Morroco's ruler sends soldiers to conquer Songhai. They wanted to control Songhai's source of gold and in the end, Goa fell, then Timbuktu, and finally Songhai. http://www.albalagh.net/kids/history/africa.shtml
  11. "Read! In the Name of your Lord Who Created. He Created man out of a leech- like clot. Read! And your Lord is the Most Benevolent -- He Who taught by the pen, taught man that which he knew not." [Al-'Alaq: 1-5] These were the first five verses of the Quran revealed to Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, through Angel Jibreel, starting Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam's, Prophethood. For the first three years of his Prophethood, Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, preached secretly within his family and relatives. Then Allah commanded him to preach Islam publicly. The majority of the Makkans (who were pagan idolaters) were very angry and started persecuting the Muslims very much. Only a few became Muslims, but those Muslims were very strong in their belief, so the number of Muslims continued to grow. When persecution became unbearable, some Muslims migrated to Abysinnia (now Ethiopia), where a Christian king provided protection for the Muslims and later became a Muslim. Madinah Life in Makkah became so unbearable, that Allah commanded the Muslims to migrate to Madinah, where the majority of people had become Muslims. Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, migrated to Madinah in his 13th year of Prophethood (622 CE). In Madinah, the Muslim State was established under the leadership of Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. The Muslims were free to pray on their own, etc. The Makkan idolaters did not like that and they attacked the Muslims in Madinah several times to crush Islam. But the Muslims resisted attack after attack. Finally a peace treaty was drawn up that was in the favor of the unbelievers. Though the peace treaty was in their favor, the unbelievers broke the treaty by helping their ally in attacking one of the Muslims' allies. But, the Muslims had grown very strong by now, and since the treaty was now null, Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, decided that it was time to conquer Makkah and cleanse the Kaaba from all the idols put in it. All the preparations were done secretly and no news about that reached Makkah. Conquest of Makkah During the 8th year after the migration from Makkah, Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, left for Makkah. Upon arriving at Makkah, the army numbered ten thousand. Many of the unbelievers had become Muslims and the tables had turned. The Muslims had become very strong by now. The Makkans were very afraid of the Muslims. Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, could have easily killed every single person in Makkah who had tortured and oppressed the Muslims for so long, but he was a man of peace and mercy. He ordered the Muslims not to fight unless they were attacked. He told the Makkans that whoever closed their doors, laid down their arms, took refuge by the Kaaba, or entered Abu Sufyan's house (who was one of their leaders) would be safe. The whole entry into Makkah was peaceful. Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, destroyed all the idols in the Ka'aba. He then turned to the Makkans and asked them what treatment they would expect from him. They replied: You are a noble brother and a noble cousin. Then Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, said, "Go for you are free." Most of the Makkans became Muslims that day. Last Pilgrimage After that, Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, went back to Madinah. Many deputations kept on coming to Madinah from various tribes to become Muslims. In the 10th year after migration from Makkah, Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, left for Makkah with one hundred and fourteen thousand of his followers for his farewell pilgrimage. There on the plain of Arafat near the Mount of Mercy he delivered his last sermon. After the pilgrimage, Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, went back to Madinah. The whole of Arabia had now become Muslim and was under his rule. In the 11th year after the migration from Makkah, Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, became ill. After an illness that lasted 13 days, Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, breathed his last on 12 Rabi-ul-Awwal (Rabi-ul-Awwal is an Islamic lunar month). He was 63 years old. Abu Bakr, Radi-Allahu anhu After Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam's, death Abu Bakr, Radi-Allahu anhu became the Caliph, or successor to Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. The first challenge he faced was from the people who had refused to pay Zakat and some false claimants of prophethood. He dealt with them strongly and all of those people were defeated. Abu Bakr, Radi-Allahu anhu, also took steps against the Persian Empire that was a constant danger to the Muslims. It had helped the people who had rebelled against Islam. In the first battle against the Persians, the Battle of Chains, the Muslims emerged victorious while the Persians suffered a humiliating defeat. Thousands of Persians were killed and taken captive. Next, the Muslims fought the Battle of Mazar against the Persians. Again the Muslims won. In the battles of Walaja and Ulleis, too, the Muslims won the battles against the Persians. They also conquered the kingdom of Hira. The Muslims also conquered a fort named Ein-at-Tamr. The Muslims also fought against the Byzantines. In the battle of Basra, the Muslims emerged victorious against the Byzantines. So were they victorious against the Byzantines in the Battle of Ajnadein. The Muslims also laid siege to Damascus, which was lifted because of the death of Abu Bakr, Radi-Allahu anhu. Umar, Radi-Allahu anhu Umar, Radi-Allahu anhu, became the next Caliph after Abu Bakr, Radi-Allahu anhu's, death. Umar, Radi-Allahu anhu, continued the war against the Persians because of the continuous troubles they were causing for the Muslim State. The Muslims fought the Battle of Namarraq against the Persians. The Muslims won this battle. After that the Battle of Jasr took place. In that battle, the Muslims were defeated. Then the Muslims fought the battles of Buwaib, Qadisiya, and Jalula. The Muslims won in all of these battles. The Muslims also conquered Madain, Shustar, and Jande Sabur. Then came the Battle of Nihawand. This was one of the most decisive battles in history and it sealed the fate of the Persian Empire. It also proved to be the gateway for Muslims to Persia. Umar, Radi-Allahu anhu, also fought against the Byzantine Empire. The Muslims conquered Syria after the Battle of Yarmuk. The Muslims then conquered Jerusalem and Egypt. In Russia, the Muslims conquered Azerbaijan and Tabaristan. Uthman, Radi-Allahu anhu During Uthman, Radi-Allahu anhu's rule, there were uprisings in Persia and in Byzantine. Uthman, Radi-Allahu anhu, crushed these revolts and made his grip on the territories firmer. During his rule, the Muslims conquered the whole of North Africa. It included countries now known as Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco. The island of Cyprus was also conquered during his time. Campaigns were also sent against Khurasan (in present-day Iran), Armeain, and Asia Minor (now Turkey). Muawiyah, Radi-Allahu anhu During Muawiyah, Radi-Allahu anhu's rule, the Muslims founded the city of Qairowan in Tunisia. They conquered Kabul, captured the island of Rhodes, and occupied Samarkand (in present-day Uzbekistan) and Tirmiz. Campaigns were sent in Khurasan (in present-day Iran). Bukhara (in present-day Uzbekistan) became a vassal state. Factors That Led to This Rise The Muslims spread their empire at lightning speed. Within half a century after Prophet Muhammad Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam's death, three continents had come under the Muslim rule and both super powers of the time, the Persian and the Roman, had been defeated. It was their faith, character, and courage that was responsible for this phenomenal achievement. Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, had left a great number of trained companions. The Muslims knew they were fighting for the sake of Allah and so they did not plunder the lands that they acquired nor did they treat the citizens of the conquered lands harshly. They were brave, courageous, and not afraid of dying. They were not greedy people or people seeking worldly pleasures. Rather they were very generous people often leaving themselves with hardly anything while fulfilling the needs of others. The commanders of great armies that conquered the Persian Empire, etc. were not the least bit different from the soldiers in their army regarding their lifestyle. Their lifestyle was simple. Their clothes were just enough to fit them and their foods were scanty. Often they went hungry for many days. If they got food, it would be no more than a piece of bread or dates and some water. Their clothes would have so many patches in them. In stark contrast to the pomp and show of both the Persian and the Roman empires, the Caliphs' lifestyles were no different from the citizens. Often when a dignitary from a different empire would come to meet the Caliph, he would have a hard time recognizing the Caliph because he was the same as a normal citizen. The Caliphs kept no guards and did not feel a bit insulted in washing their own clothes and mending their own shoes or doing work for others such as milking the neighbor's goats, etc. They were very kind to the people of the lands they conquered. They never destroyed any temple or church after conquering the place where the temple or church was. They were very just. They only resorted to war if it was inevitable. Often they would sign treaties assuring the subjects of total safety. Only the subjects would have to pay a small amount of tax called Jizyah for the protection they were getting from the Muslims. At the same time, they were exempted from paying Zakat and participating in military campaigns. The Muslims' character impressed many and many became Muslims after observing their character. No person became a Muslim under compulsion. The people became Muslims totally because they wanted to. http://www.albalagh.net/kids/history/rise.shtml
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  13. From a lecture by Shaykh Muhammad Saleem Dhorat, “UM365 - Allah ki be intihaa rahmat” In this lecture our respected Shaykh (hafizahullah) relates two inspiring, heart softening stories. Despite our disobedience and disloyalty to Allah subhaanahu wata’ala we need not despair of His mercy as He remains loyal and His grace knows no bounds. Once the great Shaykh, Zun Noon Misri was walking along a river bank when he noticed that a scorpion ran towards a tortoise, jumped onto its back and the tortoise started swimming across the river. On reaching the other side the scorpion jumped off and raced towards a tree nearby. Zun Noon Misri, amazed at this scenario had followed and he noticed that a man was sleeping under the tree and it occurred to him that the man was probably a sinful person and Allah subhaanahu wata’ala had sent the scorpion as a punishment. As he neared the tree he noticed a huge python moving towards the sleeping person and to his amazement the scorpion leapt at the python, attacked and killed it. Thereafter it ran back to the riverbank, jumped onto the waiting tortoise which carried its load to the other side where they both separated and went their own way. The great Shaykh wondered at this amazing episode. He sat by the man waiting for him to wake up thinking he must be a very special friend of Allah subhaanahu wata’ala for Him to create such measures for his safety. When the man finally woke up Zun Noon Misri was shocked because he could smell the stench of alcohol on his breath. At that moment he was inspired by Allah subhaanahu wata’ala with the following words, “O Zun Noon, why are you shocked? This slave, sinful as he maybe, is My slave”! The second story is about Musa ‘alayhis salaam and Qaaroon whose enmity for the Prophet knew no bounds. After a long time Musa ‘alayhis salaam’s patience wore out and turning to Allah subhaanahu wata’ala he asked that Qaaroon be punished. Allah subhaanahu wata’ala put the earth at his disposal and Musa ‘alayhis salaam commanded the earth to swallow up Qaaroon. Upon this command Qaaroon sank into the earth up to his ankles. He started pleading with Musa ‘alayhis salaam who ignored him and commanded the earth to continue. Qaaroon sank in up to his knees and his fear increased. He pleaded for forgiveness and promised not to persecute him ever again. Musa ‘alayhis salaam refused to accept as he had indeed been tried much and he commanded the earth once again to continue. Qaaroon sank into the earth up to his waist and then as Qaroon continued to beg for forgiveness and mercy he finally disappeared completely. At this Jibra’eel the Angel descended with a message from Allah subhaanahu wata’ala saying, “O Musa, when Qaaroon pleaded with you over and over again you refused to relent. If he had but turned to Me just once I would have forgiven him.” In these stories lies a great lesson for us. We need not despair of the mercy of Allah subhaanahu wata’ala. Despite our disloyalty to Him, he remains loyal to us and does not push us away! Not only that but every occasion of Hajj, Umrah, Ramadhaan etc are but an excuse to forgive us, His disobedient servants! “He made enmity with Shaytaan when he refused to show respect to Insaan (human). Now Insaan betrays Ar-Rahmaan and befriends the enemy Shaytaan.”
  14. True story told by Shaykh “Abdul Mohsen al Ahmad”, it happened in... Abha (the capital of Asir province in Saudi Arabia) “After performing Salãt Al Maghrib, she put her make-up, wore her beautiful white dress preparing herself for her wedding party, Then she heard the Azan of ‘Ishã and she realized that she broke her Wudhu she told her mother: “Mother, I have to go to make wudhu and pray ‘Ishã” Her mother was shocked : “Are you crazy?!! Guests are waiting for you, to see you! what about your make -up? It will be all washed away by water!!” then she added: ”I am your mother and I order you not to perform Salãh now! wallahi if you make wudhu now, I will be angry at you” Her daughter replied: ”Wallahi I won’t go out from here till I perform my Salãh! Mother you must know that “There is no obedience to any creature in disobedience to the Creator.”!! Her mother said: “What would our guests say about you when you’ll show up in your wedding party without make-up?! You won’t be beautiful in their eyes! They will make fun of you!” The daughter asked with a smile: “Are you worried because I won’t be beautiful in the eyes of creations? What about my Creator?! I am worried because, if I miss my Salãh, I won’t be beautiful in His eyes” She started to make wudhu, and all her make-up was washed away, but she didn’t care. Then she began her Salãh and at the moment she bowed down to make sujud, she didn’t realize that it will be her last one! Yes! She died while in sujud! What a great ending for a Muslimah who insisted on obeying her Lord! Many people who heard her story were so touched!! She put Him and His obedience first in her priorities, so He granted her the best ending that any Muslim would have! She wanted to be closer to Him, so He took her soul in the place where Muslim are the closest to Him! Subhana Allah! She didn’t care if she would be beautiful in the eyes of creatures so she was beautiful in the eyes of Her Creator! O Muslim sister, imagine if you are in her place! What will you do? What will you choose : pleasing creations or your Creator? O dear sister! Do you guarantee that you will live for the next minutes? Hours? Months?!! No one knows when their hour will come? Or when will they meet angels of death? So are you ready for that moment? O non hijab sister! What do you choose: Pleasing yourself by not wearing Hijãb or pleasing your Lord by wearing hijãb? Are you ready to meet Him without Hijãb? May Allah guide us all to what pleases Him and grant everyone who is reading these lines good ending. Source: ATTARBIYAH (Islamic Tarbiyah Academy)
  15. A baby comes into this world with absolutely nothing and totally helpless with no abilities except that of crying. It cries in hunger, pain and discomfort. It cries for its needs to be fulfilled. Muft Shafi' sahib says that if only we cried like this child to Allah Almighty Who can fulfil every need of ours!
  16. Originally Posted by dr76 on sunniforum A house when kept locked away for a long time.. with windows open.. shall gradually begin to gather dust.. then with passing of time cobwebs begin to spin .. then insects that were hidden in crevices begin to crawl about freely.. then over a time pigeons make nest so do other animals find their way in.. then years roll by and creepers begin to grow on the walls gradually setting the pace for its ruin... This is exactly what goes on in a heart that is devoid of the remembrance of Allah .. His ghair finds way through the many open windows.. dust blows in through his eyes when they are cast at ghair Mahram.. so does the filth of haram food that gushes forth through the arteries.. and the insects of haram thoughts gather within either through ears by listening to music.. or through other senses.. now this heart is just like the house above.. dark and in ruins.. (I have left out a portion of dr76 Sahib's post) He continues: .. and yes it shall be cleaned by the rememberance of Allah .. and fortified by a life on sunnah.. but for that reason a heart specialist is required.. and that is the Shaikh.. There is never a hurry for bayat as Islahi Ta'alluq could be kept even without initiation in a tareeqa.. just find someone who is strict on kitab and sunnah.. repent seriously .. and there u go..
  17. Shyakh Yunus Patel sahib (DB) presents a wonderful and splendid analogy. He asks: “When does the sun rise?” and then he, himself, gives the reply: “When the horizon turns red.” Then he continues to describe the spiritual condition of the heart in the same light : When the heart turns red with the blood of one’s evil desires which have been sacrificed for the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala, then Allah Ta’ala causes not just one ‘sun’ but many ‘suns’ of His Muhabbat (Love) and Ma’rifat (Recognition) to rise in such a heart. The sun of this world has restrictions : It neither lights up the entire world at once, nor is its heat always the same. Moreover, whilst it brings light and warmth as it rises; it inevitably sets, leaving behind darkness. The ‘suns’ of Allah’s love rise within the heart and lights it up. These ‘suns’ do not set unless the person becomes a persistent sinner, without Taubah (repentance). Added to this, the one in whose heart, the ‘suns’ of Allah’s love and ma’rifat have risen, will generate such light that will in turn light up the hearts of people all over the world. …The pain endured by the heart brings in its wake, happiness, satisfaction, the noor of Imaan and the sweetness of Imaan. In fact, the sorrow of the heart on this path of Divine Love is the very envy of happiness. Such a person is blessed with the companionship of Allah Ta’ala, for Allah Ta’ala says : ‘I am with those of broken hearts.’ Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi (Rahmatullah ‘alaih) mentions the exceptional stage reached by those who adopt patience in abstaining from fulfilling their evil desires : On subscribing to sabr (patience) and sacrifice, the ‘Ahh’ which continually and invariably issues forth from that ‘bleeding’ heart transports one to the supreme and absolute stage of Wilayat. Maulana Rumi (Rahmatullah ‘alaih) says : Those who resort to Sabr on the Path of Allah; Have acquired the Wilayat of the Siddiqee[ url=http://yunuspatel.co.za/books-Aashiq-e-Sawdiq-1-31.php]http://yunuspatel.co.za/books-Aashiq-e-Sawdiq-1-31.php[/url]
  18. 4 stages of achieving the spiritual goal In this Majlis [gathering], Shaykh Adam Lunat Sahib (hafizahullah) elaborated on words from Maulana Roomi. The lesson was explained through an example [as is both Maulana Roomi’s and Shaykh's teaching style, All praise be to Allah]. If one wants to dig a well to find water, one must first pass through 4 stages. At first when the person is digging, they will come across: 1. Dry earth If he gives up at this stage and thinks ‘how can I get water from dry earth?’ then he will not achieve his goal. [Do not be deceived by the apparent impossibility of your goal.] 2. Slightly wet earth If he gives up at this stage and thinks ‘how can wet earth be of any benefit?’ then he will not achieve his goal. [Do not be deceived by the apparent imperfections faced.] 3. Muddy water If he gives up at this stage and thinks ‘how can mud be of any benefit as it is not pure enough to clean or quench?’ then he will not achieve his goal. [Do not be deceived by the apparent distance faced.] 4. Clear, pure water It is due to not giving up that the person reaches the last and final stage where his goal is finally fulfilled. Now he can enjoy the water. Using this, Maulana Roomi explains and Shaykh elaborates on Roomi’s words: If a man wishes to be submerged in Deen, he will find it difficult at first. For example, he will feel no inclination, happiness or joy in worship and will see no good dreams and such like. If he doesn’t stop despite all this, then he will reach the 2nd stage. Now he begins to see the fruits of carrying on. For example, his Du'a will start being accepted. If he stops at this stage, then he will lose everything but if he carries on, he will gain everything. If he continues to persevere and increases his good deeds, he will reach the last and pure stage of complete contentment with Allah’s will. His words will be, ‘Oh Allah! Mujhe teri thaat se Muhabbat hein [O Allah! I love you completely] and whatever you decide, pleases me’. This is a Mu’min Muttaqi [Pious Believer]. http://www.darsdays.blogspot.com/ .
  19. “Niyyatu mu’min khayrum min ‘amalihi” Intention of the Believer is better than his action A small and seemingly insignificant action can become weighty once the intention is rectified. A man who used to remain too busy with providing for his family with no time left for extra worship used to envy a pious Wali of Allah who lived in his neighbourhood. He used to think to himself that if I was rich I would have spent even more time in worship. After the Wali of Allah passed away someone saw him in a dream and enquired about his state. The reply was that he had been forgiven and given high stages however the man who used to remain too busy to spend time in extra worship had received higher stages due to his sincere intention.
  20. Would it not be wonderful if someone totally trustworthy held us by the hand and not just showed us the straight path, but led us to it and stayed with us all the way? Would it not be wonderful because there would be no chance of being led astray and if we did slip up we would immediately find a helping hand? Is this even possible? Read on and find out! The answer lies in becoming the beloved of Allah subhaanahu wata’ala by attaining the quality of Ihsaan (to be constantly aware of Allah subhaanahu wata’ala) because a person with this awareness will follow every single command and refrain from all disobedience and if per chance a sin was committed he/she will immediately turn to Allah subhaanahu wata’ala in repentance. Now how does one attain this quality? Shaykh Muhammad Saleem Dhorat (Hafizahullaah) explains that the first step toward this goal is to make Mujaahadah (To strive against the base desires). To begin with one needs to make a firm resolution to make Mujaahadah and thereafter act upon it with courage. Mujahadah is necessary when the heart inclines toward disobedience of Allah subhaanahu wata’ala i.e. when one desires to commit a sin like listening to music or when one feels disinclined to act on a command like performing the compulsory Salaah. Once Mujaahadah against the base desires takes firm root then it will be said that one has attained the quality of Ihsaan and then it will be as if Allah subhaanahu wata’ala Himself takes the hand and leads one on the Siraatal Mustaqeem, the path leading to His closeness. He will open doors of ease on this path and the closeness will increase when after the compulsory worship is established, the optional worship is increased. One will then become like the person mentioned in the Hadith, “.....When a friend of Mine comes closer to Me, with a thing with which I love, out of things which I have prescribed; and when he seeks favour through optional prayers (Nawaafil) I start loving him and when I love him, I become his ear with which he hears and his eyes with which he sees and his hands with which he grasps and his foot with which he walks, and when he requests Me for anything I grant him and when he seek protection I give him protection”.
  21. It is easy to achieve a rapport with Allah سبحانه وتعالى. but it is difficult to maintain especially for a person who has pride in his heart. One of the consequences of pride is that it leads to friction with others. A proud person will expect respect, love, attention and affection from others but when he does not receive them (despite thinking he deserves them) it will inevitably lead to friction and conflict. Never expect respect, love, affection or anything else which boosts your ego and leads to pride. You should not even expect respect from your wife or husband and immediate family members. If you can be like this then even if you do not get what you want you will not feel indignant. If someone offends you, you will not be offended. Learn to be truly humble; in front of your parents, teachers, Shaykh and fellow Muslims. This humbleness and piety should be natural and consistent; not that you are pious in front of one person and haughty in front of another. Pride in one’s heart is akin to weeds in a rose garden. Roses will not bloom, flourish or last very long in a garden of weeds. If your heart is full of pride, you will not bloom spiritually because of these weeds of pride. Words of wisdom from spiritual gatherings of Shaykh Abu Yusuf Riyadh Ul Haqq/i]
  22. Our Muslim names, Islamic dress and our prayers are like the sign board found outside a shop, which informs us that inside this shop, sweets, chocolates, biscuits, cakes, fruit, etc. are stocked and sold. The person reading the signboard thus expects to find what has been advertised outside, inside that shop. What would be the reaction of the person if he or she finds cow dung, horse manure and cat’s droppings inside, instead of sweets and chocolates ? In a similar vein, our beautiful Muslim names and Islamic garb informs others that inside our hearts there is certain ‘merchandise’ in the form of firm Imaan in Allah Ta’ala and love for His Beloved Rasool e. One expects to find therein, the attributes of trustworthiness, honesty, sincerity, forgiveness, charity, Taqwa (piety), zuhd (asceticism), sabr (patience), shukr (gratitude), etc. These are the qualities and traits a person expects to find in his social dealings with us. Our beards, kurtas, turbans, tasbeehs, the cloak, purdah, etc. are all additional signs which lay more and more emphasis on the above. What would be a person’s reaction, when instead of these virtues, he or she finds arrogance, pride, malice, greed, jealousy, etc.? Shaykh Yunus Patel (raheemahullah) (Haqq Islam) Shaykh Muhammad Saleem Dhorat (hafizahullah)www.shaykh.org “Any good that exists in the heart will make its effect apparent, just as a bottle of musk emits its fragrance.”
  23. Imam Waaqidi, a great Wali of his time was poor and once at the time of ‘Eid his wife requested him to see if he could get something at least for the children. He set off to borrow some money from a friend who was a trader. The friend immediately handed over a sealed bag with 1200 dirhams in it. Arriving home he had just handed over the bag to his wife when there was a knock on the door. It was another friend of his who was in a similar situation and he asked Imam Waaqidi for help. He consulted his wife who in turn asked for his opinion. When he suggested they hand over half (even though he personally wished to give it all) she advised him to give it all and he handed over the bag to his friend leaving his family with nothing for ‘Eid. Soon after this his trader friend, from whom he had borrowed the money, arrived enquiring about the bag. Imam Waaqidi was hesitant to disclose his actions however on his friend’s insistence he told him what had taken place. The trader friend then explained that when Imam Waaqidi had arrived asking for help he did not have anything except the bag which he had handed over to him. His family was also in need and his wife also requested him to try to get something for ‘Eid and so had gone to the friend to ask for help who in turn handed over the bag which he recognised as his own and which he had given to Imam Waqidi only a short time before. He was perplexed as to how that bag had reached his other friend and that was the reason for his insistence for an explanation. Each of the three friends had been prepared to sacrifice all for a friend in need!
  24. Shaykh related the story of Sultan Nasiruddeen who was once busy writing a passage of the Qur’an while seated with his ministers. A passer-by, who was not a Haafiz of the Qur’an, came and stood watching him. The passer-by pointed out that the Sultan had repeated a word twice. The Sultan picked up a pen, circled the word that was repeated and thanked the person. After the person left the Sultan started scraping off the circle he had made. At this the ministers enquired why he had made the circle in the first place since the repetition of the word was not a mistake. The Sultan replied that it was easier to scrape off the mark of the circle made on the paper; the waters of the seven seas would not have been enough to wash off the mark of embarrassment caused by his tongue if he had told the passer-by in front of all the people that it was he who was mistaken. Posted on www.shaykh.org(25 Nov 2007)
  25. Shaykh Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi The great Shaykh was once giving a dars in the yard of the masjid when there was a sudden downpour. The students, worried more about their books, ran in protecting them from the rain. Once inside they realised their shoes would be soaked and turned back only to find that their ustaad (teacher), the great Shaykh Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi, had already collected his students’ shoes in his sheet and was carrying them in! ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul ‘Azeez Late at night while in the company of a guest the flame of the lantern (chiraag) went out. The leader of the Believers refused to wake up his servant who he said would be tired and his sleep disturbed if woken up, and he also refused his guest’s offer of help. He himself went to fill the lantern with oil. After the job was done he said to his guest that before the errand he was son of ‘Abdul ‘Azeez and he still remained the son of ‘Abdul ‘Azeez after it.
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