Reward of performing Ṣalāh in the Masjid
It is hoped from the mercy of Allah Almighty that a person performing Ṣalāh at home in these circumstances will attain the reward of performing Ṣalāh in the Masjid. This can be inferred from the following ḥadīth:
Congregational Ṣalāh at home
Anyone who is self-isolating in a room within a house should perform Ṣalāh individually as mentioned above. All other members of the family should perform congregational Ṣalāh in the home, with an bālig (mature) male as the Imam.
In relation to the standing position, the following principles should be noted:
Females will always stand behind male(s) in a separate row whether one female or more.
Males will always stand behind the male Imam, unless there is only one male in which case he will stand to the right of the Imam, one step behind.
The following table illustrates this with some examples:
Father and one female
Female will stand in a new row behind
Father and one male
Son will stand next to the father one step behind
Father and more than one son
Sons will make a row behind the father (similar to the Masjid)
Father, mother and daughter
Mother and daughter will make a row behind the father (similar to the Masjid)
Father, mother and 1 son
Son will stand to the right of the father one step behind
Mother will stand alone in a row behind
Father, 2 sons, 2 daughters
Sons will make a row behind the father
Daughters will make another row behind the sons
If the room is small, the males can stand to the right and left of the Imam one step behind.
If the Adhān has been performed in a Masjid in the local area, there is no need to perform Adhān at home. If it is performed, care should be taken not to disturb neighbours. Either way, before starting congregational Ṣalāh, the Iqāmah should be given by the Imam or any of the family members. Perhaps ask the children to take turns.
The Ṣalāh must be led by a bālig (mature) male. It is likely that the current situation continues through to the month of Ramaḍān. In this scenario, if the only ḥāfiẓ in the household is a young boy, there is no harm in acting upon the view of some ḥanafī jurists who permit a non-bālig to lead Tarāwīḥ Ṣalāh. However, in this scenario, an adult must lead ʿIshāʾ and Witr Ṣalāh (refer to our earlier answer for further details).