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Learning Arabic -- The First Short Vowel

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( بسم الله الرحمـٰنِ الرحيم )


Learning Arabic -- The First Short Vowel


In the previous lesson, we learned about the vowels, the doubled vowels, and the many names associated with vowellization and lettering. In this lesson, we will specifically look at the first short vowel.


The entire alphabet is presented with the first vowel atop the letter. Click on each letter to hear what it sounds like when coupled with this vowel. After the alphabet is a serious of practice questions. These questions are a series of small, selected letters designed for practice purposes.


To start, recall that this first short vowel is known as the dhamma. The letter which holds the dhamma is known as madhmoom. The dhamma is one of the three harakaat and the letter which holds one of these harakaat is known as mutaharrik. The dhamma is the English equivalent of the letter 'O' and 'U'. For example, the letter 'baa' with its dhamma will be pronounced 'bu' with a long 'U'.


One should have memorized the Arabic alphabet. In this lesson, please make an effort to become acquainted with the sounds vowels make. In the next many lessons, each of the vowels will be targeted for practice; take this opportunity to become familiar with reading Arabic script, and attaching vowels. Note that the letter 'hamza' has bee transfered from the end of the alphabet to atop the letter 'alif'. The reason for this will be discussed in Learning Arabic -- The First Long Vowel lesson.


To listen to the letters' first short vowel click on the letter in this page http://www.shariahprogram.ca/Arabic-alphabet3.shtml



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