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Men Wearing Neckties

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Question

I just had a quick question for you and I hope that you can shine some light on the situation. It is regarding a tie. Currently at work they are now requiring for me to dress up smart and indicating the clothing in a suit and shirt etc.

I was wondering what is the ruling regarding the tie. I am fully aware that the silk ties are not permissible, but how about normal ones?

 

ANSWER

In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

 

It is normally believed that the origins of ties are the Christian cross and thus it is totally unlawful (haram) to wear them.

 

However, one of the great contemporary Jurists, my respected teacher, Shaykh Mufti Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve him) researched the origins of ties by looking into the various books compiled on the history of each clothing, but was not able to find that it originates from the cross.

 

It is also not considered imitation of the non-believers (Kuffar) because it is not something that is uniquely characteristic of them, unless one wears a tie because one WANTS to be like the Kuffar.

 

Therefore, it would be permissible to wear ties, though better not to whenever reasonably possible, as it is superior to avoid the dress of the unbelievers even if there is no imitation of them. One should avoid wearing it in prayer and other times and should only confine it to work, as many scholars have declared it to be impermissible.

 

And Allah Knows Best

[Mufti] Muhammad ibn Adam
Darul Iftaa
Leicester , UK

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THE NECKTIE

 

Question

Is it permissible for a Muslim to wear a tie?

 

Answer

The answer to this question lies in understanding the origin of the tie. We know that previously there was a concept of the tie being a symbol of the cross, and that it originated from the cross of the Christians. However, as much research as can be done on this subject, there is no trace of this concept at all; there is no reference in historical works suggesting that the tie originated from the sign of the cross. Instead, all available sources indicate that the necktie originated from the Croation soldiers in the sixteenth century. These men wore a piece cloth tied loosely around their necks as part of their traditional dress. When these soldiers came to France, the French were so impressed by this innovative form of dress and that this idea of a ‘neck-cloth’ was immediately taken up by the French. Gradually, over the centuries, the English adopted the practice of wearing a cloth around the neck. With the passing of time this cloth or bandana was modified into different shapes and sizes, and even colours to represent one’s country or nation. In certain sectors it became associated with individuality and self-expression. Men would also wear neckties to keep their necks warm, or to cover their mouths from the dust, especially soldiers in battle.

 

Soon the practice of a tie spread from Europe to the Americas. in 1864 Germany and America began manufacturing the modern version of ties and even patented the product. There is consensus of opinion that the tie had developed into a traditional or cultural dress among the west, as has the shirt and trouser. It is for this reason that today participants in formal gatherings, office workers and officials, all are required to sport a tie when attending functions or work. Wearing of the tie is not confined to any religious group

 

THE ISLAMIC POSITION ON THE TIE

Based on the above, we can safely say that the tie does not represent the cross, is not a symbol of the cross, and does not resemble the cross in any way. The tie has absolutely no religious representation. It will, therefore, be permissible for Muslims to wear the tie under certain conditions. Since the tie has become a formal and traditional dress of the West, and because Shariah discourages Muslims from wearing clothing that serve no purpose and are merely donned for fashion, it will be Makrooh to wear the tie. In other words, it would be preferable and rewarding NOT to wear it where possible.

 

If work policy demands that a Muslim should wear a tie to work, it will be permissible to do so. However, those Muslims who are not required by any formal policy to wear the tie but still do so purely out of imitation of the West and believing the tie to be a symbol of respectability and stature, then this will be sinful and impermissible. For example, a Muslim attending a Nikah dons the suit and tie for this function; this will not be permissible for there is no need to wear the tie to a nikah. Wearing the tie under such circumstances shows that the Muslim has added to his ensemble a culture of the kuffar and believes such a mode of dress to be a form of status and respect. Allah Ta’ala states in the Holy Quran:

 

What, do they seek respect by them (the disbelievers)? Undoubtedly, all respect belongs to Allah! (Surah Nisaa (4) verse, 139) This means that dignity comes from adopting the rules and regulations of Allah.

 

Islam allows wearing non-Muslim attire out of necessity, such as the shirt and the trouser, but does not permit its followers to adopt the culture of the kuffar and believe in their values and traditions. When this happens, the whole concept becomes haraam. The Messenge of Allah said: “That person does not belong to us who practices on the ways of others (besides Muslims)” (Tabarani) Hazrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) used to warn people: Abstain from the customs of foreigners (that is non-Muslims).

 

To summarize: It is permissible to wear a tie if this is demanded by work policy, school regulations, or other formal situations. Beside the above situations, one is not allowed to wear the tie, not because it has any association with the cross, but because adopting this unnecessary piece of attire as part of one’s dress code displays an inclination towards Western culture and tradition. And this is something we Muslims are instructed to avoid.

 

And Allah knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

 

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Wearing tie with suit is haram or halal in Islam?
 

Answer

(Fatwa: 210/114/H=1433)

Some people of fatwa have the view that tie is the religious sign of Christians, as per them it is haram. And as per those who have a different view it is makrooh. However, it is better to avoid.

Allah (Subhana Wa Ta’ala) knows Best

 

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

 

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Men wearing a tie
 

Q. What is the law concerning wearing the tie that men wear?

 

A. Each religious group has its own attire and way of dress. Wearing the tie has never been a part of the dress of the Muslims from the early times until today. Instead, from its very inception and onwards, it has been viewed and understood as the culture and fashion of those who were not Muslims (whether they were from among religious groups or non-religious ones). Understanding it to be a fashion/ style, and a part of the dress of those who are not Muslims, we (as Muslims) have been discouraged from adopting such fashions. Hence, many scholars have stated that wearing the tie is not free from reprehensibleness (karahiya), (that is, it will be Makrooh to wear it since it is adopting the ‘way’ of others – (non Muslims). (Fatawa Mahmoodiya Vol. 12 Pg. 407, Kitabul Fatawa Vol. 6 Pg. 96).

 

Some scholars have further elaborated on this by saying that it will not be haram and impermissible to wear the tie, if one is in a situation where he must wear it. Silk ties are however totally haram.

 

And Allah knows best.

Mufti Waseem Khan

 

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