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Dalail ul Khairaat  by Imam Jazuli RA

 

Dala’il al-Khayrat, the most celebrated manual of Blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) in history, was composed by the Sufi, wali, Muslim scholar of prophetic descent, and baraka of Marrakesh Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli (d. 870/1465). (Shykah Nuh Keller)

 

 

Shaykh Zakariyya Kandhlawi Ra writes in Faza'il-e-Durood page 138,

Shaykh Zarruq Ra has written that the fragrance of amber and musk emanates from the grave of the author of Dala'il al-Khayrat, and this is all through the baraka of invoking of blessings and peace."
 

 

 

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The Story of Dala’il al-Khayrat

by Sheikh Nuh Ha Mim Keller

 

Dala’il al-Khayrat, the most celebrated manual of Blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) in history, was composed by the Sufi, wali, Muslim scholar of prophetic descent, and baraka of Marrakesh Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli (d. 870/1465). Born and raised among the Gazulah Berbers of the Sus region in southern Morocco, he studied the Qur’an and traditional Islamic knowledge before travelling to Fez, where he memorized the four-volume Mudawwana of Imam Malik and met scholars of his time such as Ahmad Zarruq, and Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah Amghar, who become his sheikh in the tariqa or Sufi path.

 

Amghar traced his spiritual lineage through only six masters to the great founder of their order Abul Hasan al-Shadhili and thence back to the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace). After initiating Jazuli into the way, he placed him in a khalwa or solitary retreat, where he remained invoking Allah for some fourteen years, and emerged tremendously changed. After a sojourn in the east and performing hajj, Jazuli himself was given permission to guide disciples as a sheikh of the tariqa.

 

Imam Ahmad al-Sawi relates that one day Jazuli went to perform his ablutions for the prescribed prayer from a nearby well but could not find any means to draw the water up. While thus perplexed, he was seen by a young girl who called out from high above, “You’re the one people praise so much, and you can’t even figure out how to get water out of a well?” So she came down and spat into the water, which welled up until it overflowed and spilled across the ground. Jazuli made his ablutions, and then turned to her and said, “I adjure you to tell me how you reached this rank.” She said, “By saying the Blessings upon him whom beasts lovingly followed as he walked through the wilds (Allah bless him and give him peace).” Jazuli thereupon vowed to compose the book of Blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) which came to be known as his Dala’il al-Khayrat or “Waymarks of Benefits.”

 

His spiritual path drew thousands of disciples who, aided by the popularity of his manual of Blessings on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), had a tremendous effect on Moroccan society. He taught followers the Blessings upon the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), extinction of self in the love of Allah and His messenger, visiting the awliya or saints, disclaiming any strength or power, and total reliance upon Allah. He was told by the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) in a dream, “I am the splendor of the prophetic messengers, and you are the splendor of the awliya.” Many divine signs were vouchsafed to him, none more wondrous or unmistakable than the reception that met his famous work.

 

Its celebrity swept the Islamic World from North Africa to Indonesia. Scarcely a well-to-do home was without one, princes exchanged magnificently embellished copies of it, commoners treasured it. Pilgrims wore it at their side on the way to hajj, and a whole industry of hand-copyists sprang up in Mecca and Medina that throve for centuries. Everyone who read it found that baraka descended wherever it was recited, in accordance with the Divine command: “Verily Allah and His angels bless the Prophet: O you who believe, bless him and pray him peace” (Qur’an 33:56).

 

In the post-caliphal period of the present day, Imam Jazuli’s masterpiece has been eclipsed by the despiritualization of Islam by “reformers” who have affected all but the most traditional of Muslims. As the Moroccan hadith scholar ‘Abdullah al-Talidi wrote of the Dala’il al-Khayrat: “Millions of Muslims from East to West tried it and found its good, its baraka, and its benefit for centuries and over generations, and witnessed its unbelievable spiritual blessings and light. Muslims avidly recited it, alone and in groups, in homes and mosques, utterly spending themselves in the Blessings on the Most Beloved and praising him—until Wahhabi ideas came to spread among them, suborning them and creating confused fears based on the opinions of Ibn Taymiya and the reviver of his path Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab of Najd. After this, Muslims slackened from reciting the Dala’il al-Khayrat, falling away from the Blessings upon the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) in particular, and from the remembrance of Allah in general” (al-Mutrib fi awliya’ al-Maghrib, 143–44).

 

Sheikh Nuh Keller

 

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One of the most comprehensive and authentic collections of durood historically celebrated and greatly utilized among Muslims is the collection of Imam Jazuli (ra), as he is commonly known, titled Dalail ul Khairat wa Shawariqil Anwaar fi Zikr Salaat alan Nabiyy-il-Mukhtar salallaho alayhi wa sallam. It is roughly translated as “The Guide to Goodness and the Radiant Bursts of Light in the Remembrance of the Chosen Prophet salallaho alayhi wa sallam.” It was compiled by the Moroccon scholar, sufi and saint commonly known as Imam Jazuli (ra).

 

According to his best biographer, Muhammad al Mahdi al Fasi, in Mumti al Asma Imam Jazuli. Imam Jazuli, or his full name, Abu Abdullah Mohammad ibn Abdur Rahman ibn Abu Bakr ibn Sulayman Al Jazuli (ra), was born in the southern Moroccon village of Tankarat in the Sus area. He belonged to the Simlal offshoot of the Jazula tribe of Sanhaja Berbers of Africa. He studied primary education there but due to the heavy violent  before setting off to the Madrasa Saffarin in Fes, Morocco where he would become a master of the Maliki Fiqh memorizing cover to cover the Mudawwana Kubra. There he studied under such great luminaries as Imam Shaikh Ahmed Zarruq (ra)  and a descendant of Shaikh Abul Mahasin Abu Abdallah Mohammed Amghar (ra) with whom he would enter into bayah.

 

He was a very serious student, his classmates said that he would come out of his dorm only to attend the dars, lectures, and then return back. He was a recluse, remained in isolation during his studies. He was not in madrasa to make friends. After his studies he left to spend a great deal of time between Makkah, Madinah and Jerusalem. After this time he returned and historians say that it was now that he entered into the Shadhili tareeqa at the hands of Shaikh Mohammed Amghar as Saghir (ra). Some people raised a doubt that it was possible that he had compiled the Dalail before bayah but logically this makes no sense. If a person has such spirituality to compile a book such as the Dalail why would he need to turn to a shaikh for bayah? What need would such a person have for that? So it was that after his bayah he compiled the book. The way he came about compiling the Dalail was that one day he was traveling somewhere and had stopped in a village for salaah. The time for his Zuhr salaah was passing and frantically he was looking for water to make wudhu. He found a well but the water was too low and he could not reach it when suddenly a small girl 8-9 years old came and asked him about his trouble. He informed her about the situation and she read something and spat into the well which caused the water to suddenly increase and it began to overflow out of the well. Imam Jazuli then made his wudhu and performed his salaah then went looking for this blessed girl. He found her and inquired what was the means for her to attain this miraculous power to be able to spit into a well and cause the water to overflow. She informed him that she sent salutations upon the Best of the Creation and recited the durood she was a frequent reciter of. He then set out to compile the Dalail. His fame grew far and wide and he had many students under him. This caused the governor of Safi to become jealous of him and he had his food poisoned. Imam Jazuli then died while leading the Fajr salaah most likely in the last sajdah. The Encyclopedia of Islam 1957 reports that 77 years after his death his body was exhumed to be transferred to a newly built moseleum to honor him and when the onlookers saw his body they found it to be untouched by the grave even after 77 years.

 

Dalail ul Khairat was a very famous book and Muslims all over the world enjoyed to read it and would gift each other copies of the Dalail and utilized its blessings. Then in the later years Muslims stopped its frequent recitation and eventually stopped giving recitation of durood any importance all together. All mashaikh agree on its blessing and it has been utilized in all salasil of tasawwuf. Deobandi hazraath of the past read it, encouraged its recitation and took benefit from its blessings. The person who recites one complete recitation cover to cover of Dalail per day is called Shaikh ul Dalail and there are such people who live in the world today. The unique thing about the Dalail is that it has a quantity of somewhere around 1200-1300 durood of which a great number of them are of very high quality. Within these durood the author has embedded many dua. Also, the author has embedded various different blessed names of the Holy Prophet salallaho alayhi wa sallam and also he has embedded within Dalail many Asma ul Husna and when a reciter reads the Dalail he gets the reward of reciting all of the above. The author wishes the reciter to read 1,2,3,4 or more complete recitations per day, if not then 1 if not then 3/4 if not then half and if not then a 1/2 and if not then the author has also divided the Dalail into 8 chapters to be read daily. The recitation of the Dalail begins on Sunday after Maghrib which technically is Monday night according to the lunar calendar.

 

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  • 2 years later...

The Author of Dalaailul Khairaat


It is mentioned regarding the author of Dalaailul Khairaat that he once set out on a journey. During the journey he required water to perform wudhu. Subsequently he came across a well but however due to not having a bucket and rope he could not draw out the water from the well. Out of concern for his salaah, he became extremely worried. While in this state, a young girl (who was not yet baaligh) saw him and came to him. She asked him what was the matter and he explained to her the problem. She immediately spat into the well whereupon the water rose to the top of the well by itself. Witnessing this miracle performed by the young girl, he was overcome by surprise and thus asked the girl, “How did you perform this miracle?” The girl replied, “This was through the blessings of the Durood which I have recited upon Hadhrat Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).” It was this miracle that motivated him to write the book Dalaailul Khairaat. (Fazaail-e-Durood).


Allamah Zardaq (Rahmatullahi Alaihi) reports that upon the demise of the author of Dalaailul Khairaat, the fragrant smell of musk and amber used to spread forth from the grave. This was due to the blessings of the durood. (Fazaail-e-Durood)


Ihyaauddeen


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  • 8 months later...

 

Reading Dalail al Khayrat

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Hakim al-Umma Shaykh Mawlana Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said,

 

“People request permission (ijaza) for reciting ‘Dalail al Khayrat’ from the piously elders (shuyukh). There is faulty intention in doing so. They beleive that reciting it without permission will be without any blessings (baraka). Most likely, the system of acquiring permission was initially developed to make sure that the wordings of the text were correctly transmitted. While giving the permission the Shaykh used to listen to the recitation and made any corrections needed.

 

In fact, the text that is worthy of being recited from the pulpit what has it to do with this intimate secrecy (of considering it essential to acquire an individual permission for its recitation).

 

If someone ask’s me regarding the recitation of ‘Dalail al Khayrat’, I tell him to (recite, but) leave the recitation of the statements that say, The Prophet said (قال النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم). This is because few of the Prophetic sayings (hadith) in it are fabricated (موضوع). Apart from this, its subject matter is completely accurate.”

Majmua e malfuzat: al-Kalam al-Hasan, 106

 

ashrafiya

 

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