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Eid Greetings

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Q. How Should One Greet Others On The Day Of Eid?

 

A. Greetings of Eid can be exchanged from the commencement of Shawwaal. It is not necessary to wait till after the Eid Salaah to greet each other. The prescribed words of congratulating others on the day of Eid al-Fitr are:

 

تَقَبَّلَ اللَّهُ مِنَّا وَمِنْكَ

Transliteration: “Taqabbalallahu Minna wa Mink”

Translation: May Allah accept our and your Ibadah

 

It is recorded that once a Sahabi met Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) on the day of Eid and said to him: “Taqabbalallahu Minna wa Mink” (May Allah accept our and your Ibadah). Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “Yes, Taqabbalallahu Minna wa Mink”.

 

وقد روى بن عدي من حديث واثلة أنه لقي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يوم عيد فقال تقبل الله منا ومنك فقال نعم تقبل الله منا ومنك

 

It is also recorded that the Sahabah used to say to each other: “Taqabbalallahu Minna wa Mink” when they used to meet each other on the day of Eid.

 

 عن جبير بن نفير قال كان أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا التقوا يوم العيد يقول بعضهم لبعض تقبل الله منا ومنك

 

(Fathul Bari, Vol:2, Pg:446, Darul Ma’rifah)

 

 

And Allah Knows Best


 

 

Mufti Suhail Tarmahomed

 

Confirmation:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai


Fatwa Department

Jamiatul Ulama (KZN)
Council of Muslim Theologians

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Eid greetings

 

Answer:

 

Greeting one another and making musafahah and mu’aanaka was common among the Sahaba (RA). There are many hadiths on the subject. A few are mentioned below.

 

Hazrat Qatada relates that I asked Anas (RA), “Was it a custom of the companions of The Prophet  to shake hands with one another?” He said, “Yes.” (Sahih Al Bukhari 279)

 

Aisha (RA) narrates that Zayd ibn Harisah came to Medina (to meet The Prophet ), and at that time The Prophet was staying in my house. Zayd came and knocked at the door. The Prophet  went out to meet him (hurriedly), trailing his cloak, and embraced and kissed him. (Tirmidhi. 281)

 

It is clear from the above hadiths that to do mu’aanaka and musafahah is Sunnah at all occasions. However, to insist on the practice of shaking hands and embracing, thinking that it is necessary for the celebration of Eid and is a means of love increasing between the persons is incorrect and an innovation.  (Fatawa Rashidiyah P138).

 

A similar ruling has also been mentioned in Raddul Muhtaar (Vol 5, P270) regarding musafahah after salah, where people think that it is Sunnah to do musafahah.

 

Eid mubarak or similar greetings can be said during Eid, However, a person not doing so should not be condemned or rebuked. A specific greeting that the Sahabas (RA) used is recorded by Haafidh Ibn Hajr in his book Fath-ul Bari. “We have related in “Mahaamiliyaat” with a chain of narration that is hasan, from Jubair bin Nufair, who said: The Companions of the Prophet (SAW) used to, when they met on the day of ‘Eid, say to each other: Taqabbala Allaahu minnaa wa minkum. (‘May Allah accept it from you and us.”)’. Fath-ul-Bari (2/568).

 

Allah knows best.

S Rahman

Darul Ifta Birmingham

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Eid Mubarak

 

Question

Aslam-o-Aleikum,

1)I want to ask whether greeting some one “EID Mubarik” sunnat?

2) Embracing on Eid is sunnat?

 

 

Answer

In the name of Allāh, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Assalāmu ῾alaykum wa Rahmatullāhi Wabarakātuh

 

 

Greeting someone with “Eid Mubarak” or embracing each other right after Eid Salaah is not established in sunnah. However, there is a leeway to do so outside the Eidgah as long as it would not  be regard it as sunnah. If someone does approach then instead of refusing, one should embrace him and thereafter explain the mas’alah in a polite manner.

 

Nonetheless, one should not regard it as sunnah or even look down at those who abstain from it since that will be bid’ah(Innovation).

(Aap  kay Masail, Vol.2, Pg. 573, Maktabah Ludhyanwi)

 

And Allāh Ta῾āla Knows Best
Wassalāmu ῾alaykum

 

Ml. Abdur Rahman Shareef,
Student Dārul Iftā

Concured by: Ml. Abduz Zaman, Student Dārul Iftā

Under the guidance of:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai Saheb

Dārul Iftā, Madrasah In῾āmiyyah

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Eid Greeting & Etiquette

 

When Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) emigrated from Makkah Mukarramah to Madinah Munawwarah, he learnt of the two days of festivity which the people had inherited from the time of Jahiliyyah (the pre-Islamic era). These two days of festivals were days of sport and amusement associated with evil and immoral customs. Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) then announced to the Muslims, “Allah Ta’ala has most certainly substituted these two days for you with two better ones, Eidul Fitr and Eidul Adha.” [sunan Nasai, Hadith: 1556]

 

Both these days have been reserved as days of festivity and celebration; such festivity and celebration that would be within the limits prescribed for joy by the Shariah. It is for this reason that the Úlama state that, expressing one’s delight and joy on these days is not only meritorious but in fact forms part of the salient features of Islam. [Fathul Bari, Hadith: 950]

 

A part of our Deen

Greeting and congratulating one another with special wordings is another aspect which enhances the joy of this day. This has been the practice of the honorable Sahabah (radiyallahu’anhum), Tabieen rahimahumullah) as well as those coming thereafter. There are several narrations which support this practice of theirs. A few of these are quoted below:

 

Sayyiduna Jubayr Ibn Nufayr (radiyallahu ‘anhu) states, “When the Sahabah (radiyallahu ‘anhum) met one another on the day of Eid, they would say to each other, ‘May Allah accept (the worship) from us and from you!”

 

[Muhamiliyat, kaza fil Fathil Bari, Hadith: 952] Muhammad Ibn Ziyad (rahimahullah) (a Tabi’ee) states, “I used to be with Abu Umamah Al Bahilee and several other Sahabah. (I noticed that) when they would return (from the Eid prayer), they would say to one another, ‘May Allah accept (the worship) from us and from you!” [Jowharun Naqy v.3 p.319]

 

The servant of Umar Ibn Abdul Azeez (rahimahullah), Ad-ham, mentions, “We used to congratulate Umar Ibn Abdul Azeez (the Khalifah of the time) on both the Eids with the words, ‘O leader of the Muslims! May Allah accept (the worship) from us and from you.’ He would reply with the very same words and he would not disapprove of this practice.” [sunanul Kubra – bayhaqi v.3 p.319]

 

The books of ahadith contain other similar incidents of this nature to support this noble practice of greeting one another with these words. To sum up the discussion, we quote the statement of Imam Abu Bakr Al Aajurree (rahimahullah) whose practice was to only record and mention the selected and preferred practices of the Sahabah (radiyallahu’anhum). He states regarding these greetings, “This was the (continuous) practice of the Sahabah as well as that of the Úlama.” [Al Insaf v.2 p.441; kaza Fi Juzin Fit-Tahniati Fil A’yadi Wa Ghayriha libni Hajar]

 

In Addition to ‘Eid Mubarak’

The Fuqaha (Jurists) mention, “This (type of greeting) is a commendable and praiseworthy practice since it is supported by many incidents of the Sahabah and Tabi’een.” [Hashiyatut Tahtawi p.530]

 

A closer glance at the meaning of the dua will reveal the intense well wishing it contains for one’s fellow Muslim brothers. So instead of us opting for the words ‘Eid Mubarak’ only (which is correct), let us combine it with the very same words which the Sahabah and as those who came thereafter used when they verbally greeted and congratulated one another on these two days, that is, the under mentioned dua:

 

تَقَبَّلَ الله ُمِنَّا وَمِنْكُمْ

 

Taqab-balal-lahu minnaa wa minkum

May Allah accept (the worship) from us and from you!

 

 

ETIQUETTE TO BE OBSERVED ON THE DAY OF EID

1. To rise early on the Eid morning. Doing so will spur one to be more alert and cheerful on this joyous day. [Hashiyatut Tahtawi p.530]

 

2. It is sunnah to bath on this day before the Eid Salah. However if one bathes before the Fajr Salah, this will also be acceptable. [Hashiyatut Tahtawi p.530]

 

3. To dress according to the sunnah, ensuring that the trouser is well above the ankles (for males). To wear the best clothes one possesses and not necessarily new.

 

However, if new clothes are obtained, it should first be worn on a Friday. When Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) obtained new clothing, he would first wear it on a Friday (even if it was for a few moments and then removed it). This was due to Friday being the most virtuous day of the week. In this way, the clothing as well as the one wearing the garment will be blessed. [Muntahas Sool v.1,p.490]

 

4. To set off early for the Eid Salah. It is greatly encouraged that one performs the Eid Salah in the Eid Ghah. However, if due to some excuse such as illness, old age etc. one may join the salah in the Musjid.

 

5. As far as possible, one should endeavor to walk to the Eid Salah if it is within walking distance. Different routes should be chosen when approaching and returning from the Eid Salah. One should engage in reciting the takbeer of Eid silently on route to the Eid Salah until arrival at the Eid Ghah. Besides the act of walking to the Eid Ghah being meritorious, it creates a deep impression on the hearts of the onlookers (non believers) when they observe the beauty and serenity of Islam. Encourage one another to walk to the Eid Ghah!

 

Written by Moulana Zeyad Danka & edited by Moulana Muhammad.

al-miftah

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