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(Qasr) Traveller's Salah during Hajj

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Performing Qasr in Makkah, Mina and Arafah

 

Question

Assalamualikum

 

My question is regards to Qasar Namaz. Staying in Makkah more then 15 days which includes the Hajj days would the Hajjis pray Qasar in mina Arrafat or full namaz since its within 48miles from their temporary stay.

Wassalam

 

Answer

If the Haji stays 15 days or more in Makkah before leaving for Mina, Arafat, then he is classed as a muqeem and he will pray the full namaz. Otherwise if less than 15 days then he is a musafir and when praying alone, will pray qasar. If praying behind an Imam – follows him.

 

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Musafir during Hajj

 

 

Question

If a person is spending less than 12 days in Makkah before the 8th of Dhul Hijjah & after Hajj returns to Makkah for a further 5 or 6 days like most people do, will this person be considered a musafir for the purposes of Salah?

 
Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

In principle, if an individual intends to stay in Makkah for a period of less than 15 days, he will be considered as a musafir. As such, he will have the concession to perform qasr if he performs salah by himself or with fellow musafirs. However, if one intends to stay in Makkah for 15 days or more, he will perform his salah as normal[1]. Furthermore, one will remain as a musafir when going to Mina, ‘Arafah and Muzdalifah during hajj.[2]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Fahad Abdul Wahab

Student Darul Iftaa

USA 

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.Daruliftaa.net

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Qasr in Arafah

 

Question

Is performing Qasr in Arafa part of hajj or is it due to the Journey condition.  Many perform 2 rakah for zohar and Asar on arafa day even imam who is a Muqeem not musafir. so, does it mean that this varies due to differnce in school of thoughts(Maslak).

 

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

 

 

According to the madhab of Imam Abu Hanifa (Rahimahullah), praying qasr salah of Zuhr and Asr in ‘Arafah will be due to one being a musaafir (traveler). If one is a muqeem (resident), it will be necessary to pray the full salah. The same rules also apply to the Imam in ‘Arafah. If the Imam is a resident, it is necessary for him to complete the full salah and all followers must complete the entire salah with him. If the Imam is a traveler, it is necessary for him to pray qasr and those who are residents praying behind him must stand up when he says salaam to complete the salah. It is not permissible for the Imam to pray qasr if he is a resident. If he is a resident and still shortens the salah, it will be necessary to repeat the salah.

 

Also, according to the preferred view in the Hanafi madhab, it will only be permissible to combine the Zuhr and Asr prayers in ‘Arafah if they are observed behind the Imam. If separate congregations or individuals pray in the tents, they must pray Zuhr and Asr in their respectable times.

 

فصل في الجمع بين الصلاتين بعرفة…….(ثم ان كان الامام مقيما اتم الصلاة, و اتم معه المسافرون ايضا) اي و كذا المقيمون, (و ان كان) اي الامام (مسافرا قصر) با لتخفيف لكون القصر واجبا على المسافر, فلو اتمه اساء, (و اتم المقيمون) اي بعد سلام الامام, اذ يحرم قيام الماموم قبل السلام………و الحاصل ان الامام ان كان مقيما, فلا يجوز القصر للمسافرين و المقيمين, و ان كان مسافرا فلا يجوز القصر للمقيمين. (و لا يجوز للمقيم) اي و لو كان اماما (ان يقصر الصلاة) اي لاختصاص القصر با لمسافر اجماعا, و انما الخلاف في كون الجمع للنسك و السفر, (و لا للمسافر ان يقتدي به) اي بالمقيم, (ان قصر)

 

(Munasik Mulla Ali Qari, 194-195, Idaratul Quran)

 

 

(الجماعة فيهما) و هذا عند ابي حنيفة خلافا لهما, (فلو صلى الظهر وحده والعصر مع الجماعة, او با لعكس, او صلاهما وحده) اي منفردا فيهما, (لا يجوز العصر قبل وقته) اي عند ابي حنيفة

(Munasik Mulla Ali Qari, 198, Idaratul Quran)

(Aap Ki Masaail, 4/125, Maktaba Bayyanat)

 

 

 

And Allah knows best

Wassalam u Alaikum

Ml. Asif Umar,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

 

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In’aamiyyah

 

Part of Q/A here

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Hanafis & Qasr Salaah in Arafah

 

 

Question

Why we Hanfi dont read qasar namaz in Arafat (masjid-e-Nimra) when it is done by Prophet alayhisalaam ? I need valid reason please

 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

1)     In principle, if one is a musaafir, and is staying in Makkah for less than fifteen days, then he must pray qasr during his hajj. However, if one intends to stay in Makkah for fifteen days or more, then he must pray full salaats, as he will be a muqeem[1]

 

The Prophet, salllallahu alayhi wa sallam made qasr in ‘Arafaat because he was a musaafir.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad Haris Siddiqui

Student Darul Iftaa
Melbourne, Australia 

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

Part of Q/A here

 

 

 

[1]  قدوري ص.١٥٠ – إدارة القرآن و العلوم الإسلامية

كنز الدقائق ١١٧٨ – إدارة القرآن و العلوم الإسلامية

الاختيار لتعليل المختار ١١٢١ – دار القباء

الدر المختار ص.١٠٥ دار الكتب العلمية

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How to determine whether one performs Qasr or not during Hajj

 

In order to determine whether one will perform Qasr Salaah or not during the Hajj period, it is necessary to determine whether one is traveller or not. Mufti Muhammad Faruq in "Women's guide to Hajj & Umrah" explains in the following words:

 

Before setting off for Mina it is necessary to determine how long the stay was in Makkah Mukarramah to determine whether one is a Musaafir (Shar'ee traveller) or not.

 

The number of days spent in Makkah Mukarramah prior to going to Madinah Munawwarah  will not be included in this count. Only the days spent immediately before going to Mina will count.

 

If the stay was for less that fifteen days in Makkah Mukarramah before going to Mina, then the person is considered a Musaafir (Traveller) and two Fardh rakats of Dhuhr, Asr and Isha are to be performed in Makkah Mukarramah and throughout Hajj.

 

If the stay was for fifteen days or more, the person is not a Musaafir and the normal four Fardh rakats in Salaah will apply in Makkah Mukarramah and throughout Hajj.

 

 

 

*Note: A Woman travelling in the state of Menstruation

 

If a woman travels whilst in the state of menstruation, it is not counted as a Shar'ee journey.

 

A woman will only be a Musaafir if she arrive s in Makkah Mukarramah (either from home or from Madinah Munawwarah) having travelled at least 48 miles whilst not in menstruation and intends to stay in Makkah Mukarramah for less than fifteen days before leaving for Hajj.

 

If she travelled less than 48 miles whilst not in menstruation, she will not be considered a Musaafir. So, when the  woman's menstruation ends, even though she stays in Makkah Mukarramah for less than fifteen days, she must perform full Salaah in Makkah Mukarramah and throughout Hajj.

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