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Attaining fina-e-qalbi: Annihilation of the Heart

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Attaining fina-e-qalbi: Annihilation of the Heart


- Translation of a talk given by Shaykh Zulfiqar Ahmad


(damat barakatuhum)

 

“And that person who was dead, we gave him life and we granted him a light because of which he walks amongst people.” (Surah al-An’am, Verse 122)

 

A heedless person is like a corpse, whereas truly alive is the one who is constantly engaged in remembering Allah swt.png. Through the abundant remembrance of Allah swt.png the heedless heart of a person is transformed into a living one. Hence, this light of nisbah(spiritual connection) is such a blessing that it gives life to the heart that was once dead and devoid of the remembrance of Allah swt.png.

 

Different people display different signs of the attainment of this light. This light in the language of our mashaikh (spiritual elders) is also called faidhbarakahrahmah, andnoor. All these words point to the same blessing. Attainment of faidh means the attainment of illumination. When a person gives bayt (pledges allegiance) to a shaykh and engages in the remembrance of Allah swt.png (dhikr) he attains faidh through this dhikrand his heart fills with noor. His heart attains peace as a result.

 

Light and darkness cannot coexist in the same space. Whenever noor enters the heart of a person he achieves tranquility, and whenever his heart is engulfed by darkness he is in a state of perpetual anxiety. Darkness causes unrest and confusion while noorbrings peace.

 

Engaging in dhikr and muraqabah, praying, and coming to the mosque are all righteous acts that attract the noor of Allah swt.png which makes us feel light and at ease. This inexplicable happiness is because of the attainment of faidh and cannot be adequately expressed in words. We experience this elation despite the overwhelming amount of worries in our life. Who is there in this world that is not plagued by problems? Indeed, this world is the very place of troubles. One has to face different difficulties at different stages of one’s life but attaining tranquility in the heart despite these worries and challenges is a proof of the attainment of faidh.

 

At times a person has pleasant dreams in which he may be visited by the auliya(friends) of Allah swt.png, the Prophet, or even by Allah swt.png Himself. For the majority of the time such dreams are indicators of the attainment of faidh and noor. On the other hand, if the person lives a life of heedlessness then his dreams may be very frightening. He may dream that various animals are chasing and attacking him, and is likely to be persistently haunted by such bizarre and frightening dreams. Hence, a sign of the attainment of faidh may be that a person receives mubasharaat (glad tidings).

 

In some people the faidh causes the fire of the love for Allah swt.png to burn so intensely that its heat can be felt throughout the body. Sometimes an indication of the attainment of faidh is that at times seekers experience a sleep-like state while inmuraqabah. In reality this is not sleep but rather it is a drowsiness that is callednuaas in Arabic. Allah swt.png says in the Holy Quran:

 

“Remember he covered you with a sort of drowsiness (nuaas), to give you calm as from Himself” (Surah al-Anfaal, Verse 11)

 

On the night of the Battle of Badr, Allah swt.png sent His sakina (serenity) down onto the Prophet and the Noble Companions. This sakina took the form of nuaas, about which Allah swt.png says:

 

 

“But Allah
swt.png
did pour His calm (sakina) on the Messenger and on the Believers.” (Surah at-Tauba, Verse 26)

 

The descent of this kind of sakina is a mercy, and we also know from the sayings of the Prophet that a deep tranquility descends upon those who remember Allah swt.png. When sakina descends it overwhelms the heart and the person experiences a state akin to drowsiness that an ordinary person mistakenly assumes is sleep as he cannot distinguish between the two.

 

However, sleep is different from the drowsiness felt due to the descent of the mercy of Allah swt.png. A person who consumes an intoxicating drug might experience a state mirroring the effects of sleep. The person is not physically experiencing sleep but the drug is altering the state of his mind. Similarly a person’s mind can attain a state of drowsiness because of this rahmah.

 

This is one reason why our elders have said that one should not worry if one experiences drowsiness during muraqaba because it is in fact a sign of the mercy of Allah swt.png. The example of such a person is like that of a beggar who waits outside the door of a rich and generous person in the hope of being given something. He waits there all day and during that time drowsiness or even sleep may overtake him. Now when the owner of the house asks his attendants the length of time that the beggar has been sitting at his doorstep, will they subtract from their estimate the one or two hours that the beggar might have dozed off or rather say that he had been sitting there since Fajr? Indeed they will say that he came after Fajr and the time he napped will be included in his waiting time.

 

Similarly, even if a person dozes off after having sat down with the intention of muraqaba, the time he dozed will be included in his muraqabah. These days it is even easier to understand this concept. If we connect our cell phones with a charger it makes no difference whether the screen is on or off because the charging takes place in either case. Similarly in muraqabah whether the screen of the person is on or off he continues to benefit from the faidh because the connection has been established.

 

Other manifestations of faidh are that hearts become more attentive towards the Hereafter; towards the grave, resurrection and Paradise. Furthermore, faidh softens a person’s heart and it overflows with the love and remembrance of Allah swt.png. Now what are the consequences of the attainment of this faidh on the heart of the believer?

 

If a person regularly and abundantly engages in dhikr a time comes when his heart becomes jaari (set in motion). What is meant by the heart becoming jaari? This has several meanings.

 

One is that a person experiences a movement in his heart. Just as we may feel a muscle in our body quiver at times, the heart muscle of a person also gains some movement because of dhikr. His heart experiences intense attention towards the name of Allah swt.png. It is important to distinguish between the regular palpitation of the heart and the heart being jaari. The beating of the heart is the pumping of blood seventy to eighty times a minute, but movement due to abundant dhikr is two to three times faster than the beating of the heart and is experienced as a delightful tickling in the heart. This is referred to as taharruk (movement) which soon after transforms intotazakkur (remembrance) where the person actually perceives his heart calling out the name of Allah swt.png.

 

The heart is the control center of the body and the limbs respond to the decisions that the heart processes. Hence the limbs will act righteously only if the heart is pure and vice versa. Consequently some elders have said that the heart becoming jaari means that the commands of the righteous heart are accepted by every other part of the body and thus the body becomes subservient to such a heart. Another opinion is that a heart becomes jaari when a person’s body begins to obey the commands of Allah swt.png, the shariah.

 

If a person thinks that his heart is jaari he should see if he is obeying the commandments of Allah swt.png. It is a blessing if he is but if not, then what is the use ofdhikr if it does not take one towards the inculcation of the sunnah of the Prophet? These blessings are attained with muraqabah and and we should try to perform dhikrabundantly so that Allah swt.png will bless us with His favors.

 

Once a heart becomes jaari one attains such immense pleasure that he cannot forget Allah swt.png for an instant even if he tried. We should all ask Allah swt.png for this blessing because this is a grand station from which there is no return. About this our elders have said that a fani (one who has achieved annihilation) never returns.

 

Some people raised objections to this and asked why it is that a fani cannot return. To this objection our elders responded by asking whether a fully ripened fruit can ever return to its former stage of growth? Can a child ever return to infancy after having attained maturity? The answer to both these questions is negative. Similarly, once a person has attained this blessing Allah swt.png protects him from sin in such a manner that the question of him falling back into error does not arise. This is called fina-e-qalbi(annihilation of the heart) and we should all pray to Allah swt.png to grant us this blessing.

 

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At times a person has pleasant

dreams in which he may be visited by

the auliya (friends) of Allah , the

Prophet, or even by Allah

Himself.

 

:sl:

 

How is that possible to see Allah in a dream?

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:sl:

 

I don't believe that one can see Allah in dream. How is that possible?

 

 

 

:wasalam:

Ok here is something which will interest you...full answer HERE

 

Seeing Allah in a dream

As far as the vision of Allah Most High in a dream is concerned, Imam al-Taftazani (Allah have mercy on him) states in his commentary of Imam Nasafi’s al-Aqa’id:

 

“As far as the vision of Allah in sleep is concerned, it is something that has been related from many predecessors (salaf). And there is no doubt that this is a type of observation by the heart rather than the eye.” (Sharh al-Aqa’id al-Nasafiyya, P: 135)

 

Mulla Ali al-Qari (Allah have mercy on him) states in his renowned Sharh Fiqh al-Akbar:

“The majority of the scholars are of the view that the vision of Allah Most High in sleep is possible, without any given description of modality (kayfiyya), direction (jiha) or quiddity (hay’a). It is recorded that Imam Abu Hanifa (Allah have mercy on him) said: “I saw Allah Most High 99 times whilst asleep.” Then he saw Him the hundredth time also, the story of which is long and not feasible to be mentioned here. It is recorded that Imam Ahmad (Allah have mercy on him) said: “I saw Allah Most High in a dream, I said: “O Lord! How is it possible to achieve closeness to You?” He replied: “By the recitation of my speech (Qur’an).” I said: “O Lord! Recitation with understanding or (even) without understanding?” He replied: “With or without understanding.” It is also narrated from the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) that he said: “I saw my Lord in my sleep.” Hence, the vision of Allah in sleep is recorded from many predecessors (salaf) and it is a type of observation by the heart observed by noble people…” (Sharh Fiqh al-Akbar, P: 356-357)

 

 

 

 

Also:

Some of the scholars have commented that it is possible to see Allaah in a dream.

Imaam al-Daarimi said, in his refutation of Bishr ibn Ghiyaath, “This seeing took place in a dream, and in a dream it is possible to see Allaah in any shape or form.” (p. 166)

 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said, “A believer may see his Lord in a dream, in various forms according to his faith and belief. If his eemaan is correct, he can only see Him in a beautiful form, and if his faith is lacking, this will be reflected in the way he sees Him. Seeing Allaah in a dream is not like seeing Him in reality. It may have different interpretations and meanings referring to something in reality.” (al-Fataawa, 3/390)

 

He also said, “Whoever sees Allaah in a dream sees Him in a form that corresponds to his own state. If he is righteous, he will see Him in a beautiful form, which is why the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) saw him in the most beautiful form. (al-Fataawa, 5/251)

 

 

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:jazak: Honey api. I had already read that.

 

“This seeing took place in a dream, and in a dream it is possible to see Allaah

in any shape or form.”

This is something I don't get, Allah doesn't have any shape or form so how is it possible to see him in any shape in a dream? Also, no vision can grasp him in this world so I find it hard to believe if in a dream our vision can really grasp him.

 

So many pious people saw Him (swt), no I don't say they were lying. I have edited my previous post I realize I shouldn't say I don't believe. Though I don't know and Allah knows if its really possible to see Him in a dream. Those who say they saw Allah I don't know what they actually saw. Wallahu Alam.

 

I'll ask a Musti about it :insh:

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The answer is here in the first quote in my post...

 

Mulla Ali al-Qari (Allah have mercy on him) states in his renowned Sharh Fiqh al-Akbar:

“The majority of the scholars are of the view that the vision of Allah Most High in sleep is possible, without any given description of modality (kayfiyya), direction (jiha) or quiddity (hay’a)

 

 

and in the second quote:

 

Imaam al-Daarimi said, in his refutation of Bishr ibn Ghiyaath, “This seeing took place in a dream, and in a dream it is possible to see Allaah in any shape or form.” (p. 166)
 
 
 

Read the whole of part b in the  article at the source... here

inshaAllah you will understand

 

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The answer is here in the first quote in my post...

 

 

Mulla Ali al-Qari (Allah have mercy on him) states in his renowned Sharh Fiqh al-Akbar:

“The majority of the scholars are of the view that the vision of Allah Most High in sleep is possible, without any given description of modality (kayfiyya), direction (jiha) or quiddity (hay’a)

 

 

 

and in the second quote:

 

Imaam al-Daarimi said, in his refutation of Bishr ibn Ghiyaath, “This seeing took place in a dream, and in a dream it is possible to see Allaah in any shape or form.” (p. 166)

 

 

 

 

Read the whole of part b in the  article at the source... here

inshaAllah you will understand

 

Hmm previously I misread the second quote. :jazak: for clarifying.

 

Just wondering, Allah doesn't have any shape or form so how would one see him in a dream?

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I think you'll have to ask those who have seen Him : )

Hmm, yes maybe. That would be interesting to know. I'll also ask muftis :insh: :)

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