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Is It Wajib (Compulsory) Upon Women To Recite The Takbīrāt Al-Tashrīq?

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Question:

I have read in many leaflets that reciting the takbirs in the Hajj days is only compulsory for men and it is preferable for women.  Please can you verify this?

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Takbīrāt al-tashrīq is to recite the following:

 

اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُ وَاَللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ

The author of al-Muhīt al-Burhānī, Burhān al-Dīn al-Bukhārī al-Hanafī rahimahullah mentions that there is a difference of opinion with regards to who is obliged to recite the takbīrāt.  Imām Abū Hanīfah rahimahullahopines that the takbīrāt al-tashrīq is wajib (compulsory) upon free citizen males who are not travelling and have performed their fardh salāh with congregation.  Hence, the takbīrāt al-tashrīq according to this opinion is not compulsory on slaves, women, children, travellers and nor upon those who reside in the villages and those males who perform their salāh individually.

 

The view of Imām Abū Yūsuf and Imām Muhammad rahimahumallah is that the takbīrāt al-tashrīq is wajib(compulsory) upon whom it is fardh to perform the fardh salāh from the Fajr of 9th of Dhū al-Hijjah till theAsr of the 13th of Dhū al-Hijjah.[ii]  Thus this includes males and females, travellers, villagers and those who perform their salāh individually.[iii]

 

The famous author of Al-Durr al-Mukhtār Imām Haskafi rahimahullah categorically states that the fatwa in the Hanafī school is on the opinion of Imam Abū Yūsuf and Imām Muhammad rahimahumallah.  This is endorsed by ῾Allamah Shurunbulālī rahimahullah in his work Nūr al-Idhāh, also by the body of scholars composing al-Fatāwā al-Hindīyyah, by Mufti Abd al-Rahīm Lājpūri rahimahullah in his Fatāwā Rahīmīyyah and others.  Hence, the correct view is that it is wājib to recite the takbīrāt al-tashrīq even upon women.[iv]

It is stated in al-Fatāwā al-Hindīyyah that a woman will recite the takbīrāt al-tashrīq audibly enough so she can hear herself.  She will not recite it aloud like males.[v]

 

In conclusion, it is wājib (compulsory) for women to recite the takbīrāt al-tashrīq from the Fajr of 9th of Dhū al-Hijjah till the Asr of the 13th of Dhū al-Hijjah after the Fardh salāh.  She will recite it audibly enough to make herself hear the words.

Ideal Woman

 

 

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