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  2. Democracy 30 Aug 2018 Ref-No#: 932 Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Respected Mufti Sahab, I acknowledge that democracy is kufr and shirk, but some Ulama advocate that Pakistani democratic system is not shirk. Please advice us on the correct legal ruling. Also please clarify whether voting is permissible or not? May Allah bless you. Wassalam Answer Wa’alaykum as Salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu. Our lives are governed by the laws of Shari’a (Quran and Hadith) and not by any man made laws. Allah Ta’ala says: فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّى يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًا مِمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا “So, never by your Lord! Never shall they become believers, unless they make you (Muhammad –Sallallāhu alayhi wa sallam) the judge in the disputes that arise between them, then find no discomfort in their hearts against what you have decided, and surrender to it in total submission”. [4:65] Legislation is the right of Allah Ta’ala. Man is bound to the legislation of Allah Ta’ala. The democratic system has taken the right of legislation from Allah Ta’ala and given it to man, whereby man has the power to invent laws to suite himself. This is purely un-Islāmic. Supporting democracy is tantamount to supporting the laws invented by man and abandoning the laws of Allāh Ta’ala. Allāh Ta’ala strongly condemns such action and has labelled its perpetrators as Fasiqun (transgressors) and in another verse as Dhalimun (oppressors). Allah Ta’ala states in the Quran: وَمَنْ لَمْ يَحْكُمْ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ “And those that not rule by that which Allāh has revealed are surely the transgressors”. [5:47] وَمَنْ لَمْ يَحْكُمْ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ “And those that not rule by that which Allāh has revealed are surely the oppressors”. [5:47] So there is no doubt that the democratic system is incorrect and un-Islamic. However, the sin for bringing about this system will be on the legislators . As for us as citizens who do not have any authority, it is permissible for us to vote within such a system. Our objective of voting within a democratic system is not to promote its values and un-Islāmic teachings. On that premise, our mere living in a non-Muslim country will also indicate that we support the evils of the country as we pay taxes to the government, who in turn uses that funds to promote their own laws. By that rational, we should not be living in a non-Muslim country. Hence, the reason why we vote is to protect our own faith and freedom. When voting, we are offering our opinion on who we think will rule the country in the most just way. The ideal is that if there is a pious and upright Muslim candidate, then we will vote for him, as he will be in the best interest of Islām and the Muslims. However, if there are no Muslim candidates, then we will see who will cause the least harm to Islam and the Muslims. In such a case, we will not be response for the evils of this candidate, as our reason for electing him was for the sake of safeguarding Islam and the Muslims from a greater evil. If we, as Muslims do not vote, we will have no option but to submit to the rules of peope elected in power. If we do not vote for a party that does not oppose Islamic values, then others will vote for a candidates who are enemies of Islam. References Fatwaas of our Asaatidha and seniors Mufti Ismail Moosa
  3. Yesterday
  4. Shortcut to Gaining on Laylatul Qadr Hazrat Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Daamat Barakaatuhu) mentioned: Nowadays we always look for shortcuts and an easy way to get our work done. So what is the shortcut and easy way to gain the maximum on Laylatul Qadr. Two ways come to mind: 1) The night starts from Maghrib (sunset) and ends at subah saadiq. Normally we are still fresh and have control of the time between Maghrib and Esha and by the time taraaweeh is over we are tired. Hence, maximise by doing ‘ibaadat after Maghrib. 2) We are advised in the hadeeth to recite this du‘aa on Laylatul Qadr: “Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibbul ‘afwa fa’fu ‘anni” (O Allah! You are the One who forgives and You love forgiving. So do forgive me.) Hence, in the intervals between every four rakaats in Taraaweeh Salaah, you can easily recite this du‘aa approximately 10 times.
  5. Earlier
  6. يَوْمَ تَرَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَسْعَىٰ نُورُهُمْ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَبِأَيْمَانِهِمْ بُشْرَاكُمُ الْيَوْمَ جَنَّاتٌ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ On the Day of Judgement you shall see the true believing men and the believing women, with their light shining before them and on their right hands, and it will be said to them: "Rejoice today, you shall enter the gardens beneath which rivers flow, in which you shall live forever, and that is the highest achievement." [Surah Hadeed: 12] Ways to attain Noor Mufti Shafi’ (Rahimahullah) has compiled a list of ways to earn Noor in Ma’aariful Qur’an. (For references of these ahadeeth, refer to the Tafseer of this verse (Hadeed: 12) in Maarif al Quran) “Give glad tidings to those who go to the mosque in the darkness of night that they will receive perfect light on the Day of Judgment.” “He who takes care of his five daily prayers [that is, performs them regularly fulfilling all their essentials], it will serve as light, proof and salvation for him on the Day of Judgement. He who fails to take care of it, there will be no light, nor proof or salvation for him on the Day of Judgement. The latter will be in the company of Qarun, Haman and Fir’aun.” “Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf, there will be so much of light for him on the Day of Judgement that it will spread from his place to Makkah.” In another narration, “Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf on a Friday, light will extend from his feet to the heights of the heaven on the Day of Judgment.” “Whoever recites just a single verse of the Quran, it will be a light for him on the Day of Judgement.” “Whoever sends salah (durood) to me, it shall be the cause of light on the Bridge of Sirat.” “The hair, that falls on the ground at the time of shaving it when coming out of the state of ihram, will be a light for him on the Day of Judgement.” “Stoning the Jamaraat in Mina will be a light on the Day of Judgement.” “He whose hair turns grey in Islam, it will be a light for him on the Day of Judgement.” (i.e. he remains steadfast on Islam for his whole life) “He who shoots even one arrow in Allah’s way while fighting in jihad, it will be a light for him on the Day of Judgement.” “He who remembers Allah in the marketplace will receive light for every strand of hair on the Day of Judgement.” (markets being the places where the temptations of dunya manifest themselves) “He who alleviates the calamity of a Muslim, Allah will create two compartments of light for him at the bridge which will brighten up a whole world. No one besides Allah knows its number.”
  7. Abu Hafsat

    Happy Iftar..

    As-Salaam alaikum, Says the Noble Messenger of Allah, Sallallahu alaihi Wasallam:-- "Anyone who fasts for one day for Allah's sake, Allah will keep his face away from the Hellfire for ( a distance covered by a journey of) seventy years." (Bukhari and Muslim).
  8. Wa'alaykumus salaam warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuhu Sister Stella, welcome to the forum. We deem it unsuitable that your information personal information is visible on a public forum so for now I am removing the information. I pray this is ok with you. I will insha-allah mail you.
  9. Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi we barakatuhu I have a similar question, so I will post it here below. On April 29 I got the IUD inserted due to some health issues. Jazakallahu khair Admin Edit
  10. Special Ramzan Bayan | رمضان ضائع مت ہونے دیجیے | Save Ramadan 2019 | Mufti Syed Adnan Kakakhail https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QHg2J1aonoA
  11. 🔹Common mistakes in Ramadhan: 1. Drinking "rooh afza" on a daily basis - Why: It contains high amounts of sugar, additives and colarants - Solution: If you have to, drink it twice a week maximum 2. Drinking large amounts of water at iftaar time - Why: Filling the stomach with water is more strenuous to it than with food. - Solution: have a few sips at iftaar then a glass after every two hours. 3. Exercising directly after iftaar. - Why: the body's blood flow is concentrated around the stomach at that time. - Solution: Exercise after two hours of eating to ease digestion. 4. Chewing and swallowing food fast. - Why: chewing food slowly can speed up digestion and help maintain your weight 5. Having dessert directly after iftaar - Why: they make you drowsy and sleepy ?? - Solution: leave at least a two hour gap between iftaar and dessert to stay fresh and awake for prayers 6. Consuming foods with high amounts of sodium - Why: Sodium triggers thirst through out the fasting hours of the day - Solution: instead, eat foods that are high in potassium, they retain water and supress your thirst. # Bananas are high in potassium. A banana at Suhoor time can control your thirst level through out the day. # Best sources of potassium for Suhoor time: - bananas - milk - dates - avocados - dried peaches - pistachios - pumpkin - peas - dark chocolate # Worst choices for Suhoor: - biryani - kebab - pizza - fast food in general - cheese - haleem # Best choices for Suhoor: - potato - rice - dates - whole grain bread - banana Please do not keep this reminder to yourself, share with your beloved brothers and sisters. Ramadan is coming🔹
  12. Recipes for suhoor 🔹Creamy date and Banana shake for suhoor: 🔹1 cup milk (any) or water if you like your shake to be runny. 🔸1 ripe banana (cut into a few chunks) 🔹1 to 2 large Medjool (or any) dates (pitted) 🔸Some nuts (optional) 🔹4 ice cubes (optional) Instructions: Pour the milk into the blender followed by all the rest of the ingredients. Run the blender until the mixture is blended and the dates pulverised. Some tiny dates pieces may remain. Pour into a glass or glasses. Serve immediately. 🔹
  13. Assalamu alaikum Found a great site refuting atheism and secularism in Urdu. http://ilhaad.com/
  14. Lecture: Tarawih Why 20 Rak’ats & Not 8? TarawihWhy 20 Rak’ats & Not 8? By Shaykh Dr. Abul Hasan Hussain Ahmed Presenting Evidences & Establishing Twenty Rak’ats Tarawih as The Sunnah & Not Eight This lecture in over 2 hours took place at As-Subah Academy in London, April 2019. The following are the Shaykh’s notes which he has provided. This can be used to follow the evidences being discussed during the lecture. THE RAKATS OF TARAWIH As Subah Academy 2019
  15. Repentance from Sins – Shaykh Talha Qasmi Naqshbandi Tranlation May Allah ta'ala grant us all the concern for our own rectification. Just like how only food and medicine are not enough, prevention is important; similarly only dhikr and muraqabah are not sufficient, abstinence from all sins is required. And if one is unable to leave a particular sin even after making intention and after struggling and trying hard, the sin gets commited time and again, then he should repent to Allah ta'ala frequently and repeatedly and also inform his Shaikh and Murshid that he is involved in this sin and he want to leave the sin and also he does not find any benefit in the sin, then the Shaikh will show him the right path and will also make du'a and invoke Allah. And Allah ta'ala will also descend His mercy because Allah ta'ala sees that His servant wants to become righteous and pious. If Allah ta'ala would not want to make His servants pious then why would He send Prophets علیهم الصلاة والسلام. These Prophets علیهم الصلاة والسلام faced many hardships and difficulties and that's only because Allah ta'ala wants His servants to become pious, though without any compulsion. If He wanted to make His servants righteous under constraint then there was no need for these Prophets to go through hardships and troubles. Allah ta'ala would have sent two angels having sticks alongside each Prophet and would have commanded to listen to these angels otherwise be ready to get beaten up, then everyone would have become upright. Imagine if today two angels show up, on the one hand Hazrat Jibrael and on the other hand Hazrat Mikael with the sticks of heaven in their hands which on movement display lightning and they ask the crowd to tell them if anyone will look at haraam then everyone will make true tauba and will beseech that Hazrat don't hit us, we have lowered our gaze. Further if they ask if anyone will indulge in backbiting or lying then everyone will repent from these vices as well. No one will dare to commit any sin again. And then they say ok fine now we are appointing one angel with each of you and you will be able to see him and if you ever try to look at haram, the angel will slap so hard on your face that your eye will fall out. Will anyone dare gazing? If you ever try to backbite the angel will slap you so hard that your tongue will lose its ability to speak. Will anyone courage to sin? But then what will be our accomplishment? If Allah ta'ala had desired this compulsion then He would have made the world follow the right path and then everyone would have attained Jannah. However Allah ta'ala does not want to force or pressurize His servants, He wants them to follow His commands through their own free will and desire. Therefore Allah ta'ala has given us free hand, if anyone wants to sin no one will come to stop him however he will face the consequences. If you want to leave the sins then Allah ta'ala will help you, Shaitan will exert all his efforts to deviate you from the right path and Allah ta'ala will also appoint angels who will stop Shaitan to approach you. However everyone has to show his willpower that he wants to lead the life of taqwa then Allah ta'ala will definitely help his servants. When Shaitan haughtily challenged Allah that since you have banished me from heaven, I will not allow the children of Adam to enter it either. I will misguide them from their front, from their behind, from their right, from their left, from above them and from beneath them. I will mislead some of them by frightening and some by tempting. He makes them scared by the thought that if you become pious, you will become destitute and you won't be able to earn enough and that there is no worth of taqwa these days. And he also entice some people by making them watch haram stuff and persuade that they won't be able to see these beautiful things again. He makes them anticipate that you have been promised about hoors in Jannah, however you have hoors in front of you in this world and you have been restricted from looking, what a shame! Just eat and drink and have fun. Where would you get this pleasure again? We are not even sure whether Jannah actually exists or it is only a figment of imagination. In this way Shaitan scares and allures people and using both ways he leads mankind along with him to hell. Because Shaitan had challenged Allah that he would divert people away from His path and Allah ta'ala had also granted him respite and warned: لَأَمۡلَأَنَّ جَهَنَّمَ مِنكَ وَمِمَّن تَبِعَكَ مِنۡہُمۡ أَجۡمَعِينَ "That I will fill Hell with you [Iblees (Satan)] and those of them (mankind) that follow you, together." [38:85] Nevertheless Allah ta'ala told Shaitan that those of my servants who are determined to worship me, although I have not given them as much strength as I have granted you, however if you forcibly try to make them commit wrong then I will protect them myself and I will clip your wings, I will break your arms and I will assign angels who will not let you approach them. إِنَّ عِبَادِي لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَانٌ "Surely as regards My servants, you have no authority over them." Hence Allah ta'ala will protect us but we must make a firm resolve and intention to become righteous and we must strive hard. We should repent to Allah today that we shall refrain from looking at haram and if we happen to do that we will do taubah again. We will never backbite and if we ever do by mistake we will repent to Allah and also ask forgiveness from that person. However if there is a chance that by disclosing to that person that we said this regarding you behind your back, it will create fitnah then instead of telling him directly one can say that brother since we all are human beings and we all make mistakes, therefore if I have ever wronged you in anyway I seek your forgiveness. However it is not permissible to do gheebah because one can seek pardon in this way. This type of deceiving is not permissible. If a person is not in a position to attain forgiveness even in this way then he should repent to Allah ta'ala sincerely and also give sadaqah on behalf of that person. After Salah make dua for that person that Allah ta'ala grant him abundance in blessings, in children, grant him happiness and implore Allah that He raise his ranks and absolve me of my sins, grant me forgiveness and whatever I have said regarding that person behind his back, make that a means of mercy for him and pardon me. In this way we should beseech Allah for forgiveness. Seek pardon for whatever lies we have spoken uptill now and make a firm conviction that from now on we will speak after great diligence and careful deliberation. Make tauba from speaking lies and if we make some commitment about doing something in haste without much reflection, we should try our best to accomplish that task. If one is really unable to fulfill that job then inform the other person that I had promised to fulfill this task today but due to some constraint I'm not capable of doing that today and inshaAllah I'll finish it by tomorrow. However do not make this your habit. Your first priority should be to fulfill your commitments and promises and if you cannot do that then atleast you should notify that person so that he does not get offended or upset. This happens daily in business dealings and then we suffer the consequences in the form of decline in blessings. This is what is called as "la'anah" in the Qur'an and Sunnah. This term has now become like a swear word in Urdu and its usage is considered inappropriate, however in Arabic language the word "la'anah" means decrease in barakah. We suffer this decline in barakah due to our own lack of truthfulness and because of breaking promises. May Allah ta'ala protect us from such negative consequences. Ameen
  16. “Islamophobia is exacerbated by the fact that Muslims often lack the power to control the narrative of Islam in the modern West. What most non-Muslims “know” about Islam often comes from one of two sources: the mass media, which frames Muslims primarily through the lens of terrorism and violence; and a professional Islamophobia network, a cadre of right-wing bloggers, activists, authors, and politicians who make a living demonizing and dehumanizing Muslims. Decades if not centuries of Islamophobia have had a devastating impact on the lives and livelihoods of Muslims living in the West. Since 9/11, Muslims have been subject to intrusive government surveillance and profiling programs, detentions and deportations, registration systems, hate crimes, and infringements on freedom of religion in the form of antisharia laws, hijab and full-face veil bans, and localized and political resistance to the building of mosques and minarets.” ~ Todd Green, Professor of Religion at Luther College. A nationally recognized expert on Islamophobia, Green served as a Franklin Fellow at the U.S. State Department in 2016-17 Source: Islamophobia - Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion
  17. Stopping Medical Treatment when there is no Expected Benefit Question #: 5899 Date Posted: 05-03-2004 <QUESTION> A dilemma facing many in my profession. I am a doctor, currently working in the intensive care unit with children. Although it is not a daily event, the question of withdrawing treatment in patients where further treatment is futile often arises. In the past where technologies such as ventilators, equipments and drugs such as inotropes (keeping the heart going) were not available these issues would have not risen as these groups of patients would (Allah willing) soon die. However, with modern technologies so far, a small albeit significant group can be sustained on the above treatment despite a futile outcome that results in the inevitable slow death. My questions are: 1) What is the Islamic ruling on withdrawing or limitations of treatment? 2) As a corollary to the above, what is the Islamic stand to the concept of ‘living will’? (A living will is a legal document that a sound-minded adult makes to set out the circumstances under which they could wish withdrawal of treatment, in the event that they cannot make the decision at such time). <ANSWER> In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful, When a patient is severely ill in a way that further treatment is futile and apparently there is no chance of survival, then in such a case, in order to ease and hasten the death there are normally two procedures taken: a) Using of certain drugs and other methods that cause death, B) Withdrawing treatment in order to allow the patient to die naturally, As far as the using of certain drugs in order to hasten the death of the patient is concerned, there is no doubt that this is unlawful (haram) in Shariah. The human body is a trust (amanah) given by the Almighty Creator to the human being which he himself does not own. As such, according to Islam, it is impermissible for an individual to tamper with even his own body that was given to him as a trust. Islam regards human life as sacred. Allah Most High says: “And verily we have honoured the children of Adam.” (Surah al-Isra, V.70) It light of the above, it becomes evident that it is unlawful (haram) to use methods and means that would actively cause a person do die. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: “Whoever intentionally throws himself from a mountain and kills himself, will be in the (Hell) Fire falling down into it and abiding therein eternally forever; and whoever drinks poison and kills himself with it, he will be carrying his poison in his hand and drinking it in the (Hell) Fire wherein he will abide eternally forever; and whoever kills himself with an iron weapon, will be carrying that weapon in his hand and stabbing his abdomen with it in the (Hell) Fire wherein he will abide eternally forever.” (Sahih al-Bukhari & Sahih Muslim) The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace)) also said: “There was amongst those before you a man who had a wound. He was in (such) anguish that he took a knife and made with it a cut in his hand, and the blood did not cease to flow till he died. Allah the Almighty said: “My servant has himself forestall me; I have forbidden him Paradise.” Therefore, in order to save oneself from undue pain and hardship, it will not be permissible to use methods that will cause death. If the medical expert did carry this out, it will be tantamount to murder. If the patient gave his consent to this, it will be regarded as suicide. With regards to withdrawing treatment from patients in order for them to die naturally and in a dignified way, it should be remembered that according to the majority of scholars medical treatment is not something that is necessary (wajib) upon the person inflicted with a illness. It is merely something that is permissible. Some scholars went to the extent to say that it is preferable to abstain from treatment and have patience (sabr) rather than treating the illness or disease. This understanding is based on a Hadith narrated by the Companion Sayyiduna Abd Allah ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) that a girl was inflicted with the disease of epilepsy, thus she came to the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) and asked him to supplicate to Allah for her. The Messenger of Allah said to her: “If you wish you may exercise patience and receive paradise in return or if you want I can ask Allah to cure you.” She said: “I would like to remain patient on this severe illness (and receive the rewards), but the only thing is that at times due to this illness, parts of by body become exposed, so please ask Allah that it does not open up. The Prophet (Allah bless him & give him peace) made Dua for her. (Recorded by Imam al-Bukhari & Imam Muslim in their respective Sahih collections) Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (Allah have mercy on him) mentions in his famous Ihya uloom al-Din that the majority of the scholars hold medical treatment to be merely something that is permissible, whilst others regard it as recommended (mustahab) and a very few number of scholars consider it to be necessary (wajib). Generally, Medical treatment is thought to be a means that may cure a patient. It is not something that guarantees restoring of health for the person using medication, for the fact that many times despite using medication an individual is not cured. It is stated in the Hanafi Fiqh reference book al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya: Means used for the removing of harms are of three types. 1) Those that remove potential harm for certain (maqtu’) such as the drinking of water in order to quench thirst and eating of food in order to remove hunger. 2) Those that by exercising them, it is presumed health will be restored such as medical treatment. 3) Those that may cure (but less significant than the second situation) such as the using of amulets, etc… As far as the first set of means are concerned, abstaining from using them is no way considered as part of reliance and trust in Allah (tawakkul), rather it is unlawful to refrain from using these means. If a person was to die due to not drinking water, he will be sinful. The last category of means is not essential in that complete reliance in Allah is only achieved by abstaining from using them. With regards to the middle category such as using medication, using it is not contrary to the concept of Tawakkul, and abstaining from its usage is not a sin also. It is in between the two categories.” (al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya, 5/355) It becomes clear from the above excerpt that to abstain for medical treatment is not unlawful in Shariah, and if an individual did die due to this, he/she will not be sinful. However, the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) did himself use medication and also encouraged the Companions to resort to medication. In a Hadith it is stated: “O servants of Allah! Use medication, for Allah Almighty has not created any illness except that He has also produced its cure, besides one thing. The Companions asked: “What is that?” He replied: “death”. (Tirmidhi 2039, Abu Dawud 3855, Ahmad 4/278 & Ibn Majah 3436) In light of the above, it would generally be advisable to resort to medication and use the means provided by Allah Almighty. However, in a situation where further treatment is futile and there is no apparent hope for the patient to be cured, then it would be permissible to withdraw treatment with the consent of the patient or his immediate relatives. Also, it will be permissible for the patient to make a living will that gives permission to withdraw treatment in such situations. And Allah knows best [Mufti] Muhammad ibn Adam Darul Iftaa Leicester , UK http://www.daruliftaa.com/node/5899?txt_QuestionID=
  18. Women Seeking Medical Treatment from Male Doctors Question #: 4754 Date Posted: 28-03-2004 <QUESTION> What are the guidelines in women seeking treatment from men doctors? Is it permissible to visit a male doctor when a female doctor is available, especially when one may have to expose the Awra? <ANSWER> In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful, In the situation where a Muslim female is in need of medical treatment, the endeavour should be that she is treated by a female medical doctor, preferably a Muslim. If a female practitioner is: 1) Easily available, 2) One is satisfied and content with her medical treatment, 3) There is no other valid legal (shar’i) excuse for not resorting to her treatment, then in such a case, it would not be permissible to seek the medication of a male doctor, rather, the illness must be treated by a qualified female doctor. It is stated in al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya, a renowned Hanafi Fiqh reference: “If a woman has a wound in a part of the body that is impermissible for a male to look at (m, meaning other than the face, hands & feet, for they are absolutely part of awra), it will be impermissible for her to receive treatment from a male doctor, rather a female should be instructed to treat her. If a female expert is not available, neither is there a female who can be instructed to treat her… then in such a case it would be permitted for a male doctor to treat her, provided there is a genuine need. It will be necessary for her to cover other than the effected area, and he must lower his gaze as much as possible.” (al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya, 5/330) However, if the need is only for consultation or the medication is related to a part of the body that is not part of Awra, then it would be permissible to seek the treatment of a male doctor, although the treatment of a female doctor will still be preferable. If the above-mentioned (3) points are not found, in that a medical female expert is not easily available, or if she is available, one is not content with her medication, or there is some other valid legal excuse, then in such a indispensable situation, it will be permissible to resort to the treatment of a male doctor, provided the male doctor only looks at (and handles) the effected area. The rest of the body of the female must remain covered. Imam al-Haskafi (Allah have mercy on him) states: “In the situation of a male doctor treating a female, he should only look at the effected area (m, whenever reasonably possible), for cases of need are restricted to the actual need. And it is preferable that the male doctor teaches and instructs a female in order to treat her, for looking (and treating) someone from the same gender is the lesser of two evils (m, i.e. when looking at parts of Awra).” Imam Ibn Abidin (Allah have mercy on him) explains in his Radd al-Muhtar that, if the treatment is related to the private parts, then only in extreme situations will it be permitted for her to seek treatment of a male doctor. He states: “If the treatment is on her private parts, then it is necessary that a female is instructed to treat her. If this is not possible and it is feared that the woman may perish or undergo unbearable pains, only then will it be permissible for a male to treat her.” (See: Radd al-Muhtar ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar, 6/371) The same has been mentioned in other Hanafi Fiqh references. See: Ibn Nujaym, Bahr al-Ra’iq, 8/192, Qadhikhan in his Fatawa, 3/409 & Bada’i al-Sana’i, 5/124. Also, a Muslim doctor would be preferred over a non-Muslim for obvious reasons. However, if (once again) the three points are not met, then it would be permissible to seek the treatment of a non-Muslim doctor. Therefore the order in seeking medical treatment would be: a) Muslim female doctor, b) Non-Muslim female doctor, c) Muslim male doctor, d) Non-Muslim male doctor, And in moving from one stage to another, the above three points should be kept in mind. The preference of a non-Muslim female doctor over a Muslim male doctor is due to the fact that, looking at the awra of someone from the same sex (as mentioned in Durr al-Mukhtar) is lesser of an evil. Also, the covering of one’s nakedness in front of a (non-Mahram) male has been given more importance than covering in front of a non-Muslim female. And Allah Knows Best [Mufti] Muhammad ibn Adam Darul Iftaa Leicester , UK http://www.daruliftaa.com/node/4754?txt_QuestionID=
  19. Organ donation and Autopsy QUESTION Is organ donation and autopsy permissible in islam,can u xplain prohibition of dissection of cadaver according to Quraan or Hadiths? ANSWER In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh 1) Many Islamic scholars and Jurists have written on the subject of organ transplant. Over the decades, medicine has improved and advanced dramatically, taking medical technology to extreme heights. Today, through the vast medical advancement, almost any transplant of the human body can be performed. Owing to the technological medical changes, prominent and renowned jurists of the world have carefully analyzed the process of organ transplant and upon investigation made the following observations: 1) When any person's limb or organ becomes unusable and that limb or organ is needed to function in the future by a suitable replacement then the following conditions must be considered: a) Use of a non-living artificial component. b) Using the organ of those animals that are permissible to eat and were slaughtered according to the Islamic law. If there is an imminent fear of loss of life or danger of losing the organ and the replacement is only found in haraam animals or in permissible animals (which can be eaten) but not slaughtered according to Islamic law, then use of such a component will be permissible. However, if there is no imminent danger of loss of life then it will not be permissible to use anything from the pig. 2) Similarly, a transplant of any nature whatsoever is permissible from one part to another part of the body of the same person when necessary. 3) The sale of any part of the human body is haraam. 4) If any ill person reaches a stage where a specific organ becomes unusable to such an extent that medical experts are absolutely certain that besides the human organ there is no other life-saving substitute, the human organ is easily available to the patient, and the patient's life is in danger, then in that dire need a human organ transplant will be permissible. 5) When a perfectly healthy person on the advice of an expert physician confirms that the removal of one kidney will not harm nor cause ill-health whatsoever and considering the deteriorating health of his sick immediate family member which may cause death and there is no other alternate or substitute then this will be permissible with the condition that the kidney be donated and not sold. 6) The wasiyya (bequest) of the organs after death is forbidden in shari'ah. 2) Dissection of a cadaver (autopsy) is also impermissible due to the same reasons mentioned above. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has said: كسر عظم الميت ككسره حيا "Breaking the bone of a dead person is similar (in sin) to breaking the bone of a living person." (Sunan Abi Dawud, Vol. 2, P. 101, HM Saeed) However, it will only be permissible in cases of necessity when it is required by law or in criminal cases. Most of the scholars of the Arab world have approved autopsies for medical science research. This issue was discussed by the Islamic Fiqhi Academy of Makkah Mukarramah in October of 1987 where permissibility was given as long as the following conditions are observed: a) An approval should be obtained from the deceased before his death or his heirs should agree to it after his death. b) The body should not be opened up more than what is necessary. c) Only female doctors should be allowed to a post-mortem of a female body. d) The body should always be buried in the end. (Fiqhi Feslain, P. 183-184, Islamic Fiqhi Academy, India) الإنتفاع بأجزاء الآدمي لم يجز (Fatawa Alamgiree, Vol. 5, P. 354, Rashidiyya) والآدمي مكرم شرعا وإن كان كافرا فإيراد العقد عليه وابتذاله به وإلحاقه بالجمادات إذلال له . أي : وهو غير جائز (Raddul Muhtar, Vol. 5, P. 58, HM Saeed) والآدمي مكرم شرعا وإن كان كافرا فإيراد العقد عليه وإبداله به وإلحاقه بالجمادات إذلال له . (Fathul Qadir, Vol. 6, P. 425, Mustafa Babil Halbi) (Fatawa Mahmudiyya, Vol. 18, P. 336-338, Faruqiyya) And Allah knows best Wassalam Ml. Asif Umar, Student Darul Iftaa Checked and Approved by: Mufti Ebrahim Desai http://askimam.org/public/question_detail/16282
  20. Buying and selling of Bones Question: I am a medical student. Every medical student need human skeleton(bones) for their educational purposes. So I brought a human skeleton(bones) 3 years ago @ of 6500 taka. Now there is no use of these human skeleton (bones) for me. I sold the bones to other medical student in my medical college student & take about 7000 taka. Can I use these money in my own purpose or not? What should I do now? Answer : 150667 Published on: May 18, 2017 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم (Fatwa: 782/742/SD=8/1438) None is the owner of human corpse. Hence it is unlawful and haram to sell and purchase it. Thus, the amount, mentioned there in the question, shall not be lawful for you to use. You should return the amount to the purchaser and take back the corpse and then return it to the person whom you bought it and take back your money. If it is not possible, then surrender the corpse to the heirs, and if you don’t know them then bury it. Allah knows Best! Darul Ifta, Darul Uloom Deoband http://www.darulifta-deoband.com/home/en/Halal--Haram/150667 June 11, 2017 Question: Assalamu alaikum wr Is it permissible to buy real skull and other bones of the body for study purposes? Answer: و علیکم السلام و رحمة الله و بركاته. It is haraam to buy and sell human body parts. If it is a necessity for you to buy for doing your studies, and you cannot get them in any other way, then you can do so, but it will still be haraam. Furthermore, you can not sell them further and you should simply donate them to someone else. Also, you can ask your senior students to give you these bones free of charge, and you will give them a gift for the value of the bones. Allah knows best.. Mufti Ali Munir
  21. TITLE How do we know that failure was because of laziness or Taqdeer? QUESTION How can we determine that behind our failure in a specific task whether our laziness is culpable or Allah's will is responsible? ANSWER In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. We are living in the world of means. [Asbaab]. We are required to adopt means to fulfil our needs. If one sits back and does not adopt means, then the failure is definitely attributed to one’s negligence. When one adopts means, he should not trust in his means, as the means are not effective in themselves. Our belief is Allah is muassire haqeeqi [the real causer of effects]. To place ones trust in ones means is against our belief. Once a person adopts all the necessary means in achieving anything, he should place his trust in Allah and Taqdeer. Whatever happens after that, whether ones objective is fulfilled or not, it is the decision of Allah. If ones objective is not fulfilled, he will still be rewarded for adopting means and submitting to Allah and Taqdeer. The greatest act of worship is to submit to Taqdeer and be happy with the decree of Allah. If this attitude is entrenched in an individual, he will have no grief and regrets for anything. And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best Ridwaan Ibn Khalid Esmail [Kasak] Student Darul Iftaa Katete, Zambia Checked and Approved by, Mufti Ebrahim Desai. http://askimam.org/public/question_detail/37393
  22. Be content with the decree of Allah Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) as saying: A strong believer is better and is more lovable to Allah than a weak believer, and there is good in everyone, (but) cherish that which gives you benefit (in the Hereafter) and seek help from Allah and do not lose heart, and if anything (in the form of trouble) comes to you, don't say: If I had not done that, it would not have happened so and so, but say: Allah did that what He had ordained to do and your" if" opens the (gate) for the Satan. حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَابْنُ، نُمَيْرٍ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ حَبَّانَ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْقَوِيُّ خَيْرٌ وَأَحَبُّ إِلَى اللَّهِ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِ الضَّعِيفِ وَفِي كُلٍّ خَيْرٌ احْرِصْ عَلَى مَا يَنْفَعُكَ وَاسْتَعِنْ بِاللَّهِ وَلاَ تَعْجِزْ وَإِنْ أَصَابَكَ شَىْءٌ فَلاَ تَقُلْ لَوْ أَنِّي فَعَلْتُ كَانَ كَذَا وَكَذَا ‏.‏ وَلَكِنْ قُلْ قَدَرُ اللَّهِ وَمَا شَاءَ فَعَلَ فَإِنَّ لَوْ تَفْتَحُ عَمَلَ الشَّيْطَانِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ Reference : Sahih Muslim 2664 In-book reference : Book 46, Hadith 52 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 33, Hadith 6441 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  23. Is Waraqah bin Nawfal a Sahabi? Question Did Warqah bin Nawfal accept Islam? Answer The scholars have differed on the issue whether Waraqah accepted Islam or not. (Usdul-Ghabah, vol.5 pg.416) However, Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) has chosen to reconcile between the conflicting views in his books, Fath al-Bari (vol.1 pg.36) and al-Isabah (vol.6 pg.476). He has speculated that it is possible that Waraqah lived until the very early stages of Islam. Besides Hafiz Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah), scholars such as Al-Baghawi, ibn Qani’, Tabari and ibnus-Sakan (rahimahumullah) were also of the view that Waraqah was, in fact, a Sahabi (radiyallahu’anhu). (Al-Isabah vol.6 pg.474) And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best Answered by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar
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