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Are Shias Kaafir?

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Are Shias Kaafir?

 

Answer:

 

All Shias are not non Muslim. In fact only those Shias are non Muslim who adhere to the following belief; that Hazrat Ali [RA] is Allah, or that Hazrat Jibreel brought the divine revelation “Wahi” to Nabi Muhammad [sAW] through error, and that the revelation was in fact supposed to go to Hazrat Ali [RA],  that the Qur’an is incomplete,  that alterations were carried out on the present Qur’an,  that the false accusation against Hazrat Aisha [RA] is true, or that Hazrat Abubakr [RA] was not a Sahabi. Thus any Shia holding any of the above beliefs is not a Muslim nor will it be permissible to treat him as a Muslim.

 

Those Shias who do not hold the above mentioned erroneous beliefs but use inappropriate language against the Sahaabah [RA], and show disrespect and undermine the status of Hazrat Abubakr, Umar and Uthmaan [RA] will not be non Muslims according the opinion of the Experienced Ulama though they are in stark misguidance and out of the creed of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaat. Thus having personal or close relationships with them will not be permissible. [Ad-Durrul Mukhtaar, Fataawaa Darul Uloom Deoband]

 

P.S. We would like to apologise for the delay in answering your question as our phone lines were down for quite a while.  Please accept our apologies.

 

And Allah Taala knows best

Mufti Muhammad Ashraf

Darul Iftaa

Jameah Mahmoodiyah

Springs

www.mahmoodiyah.org.za

[email protected]           

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Are all shia Kafir? If not what makes them kafir or how can i identify if he is kafir.

 

I recently found out my friend is a shia he proposed to my wifes cousin and told her family that he has imamat and he is a shia  my wifes cousin is sunni .Since then i decided not to be friends with him i dont talk to him. he and my wifes cousin is not allowed to come to my house and his 1st wife is also not allowed . ive read alot about shia and its alwasy said to 1st find out if they are kafir.

1)Is all shia Kafir .If not what makes them kafir or how can i identify if he is kafir.
2)by cutting myself off  from him and not allowing him to enter my home am i commiting a sin .
3) Someone told me that shias is muslims is this true

 
Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

Firstly, hereunder are the criteria for declaring someone a non-Muslim:

  1. When a person openly calls himself a non-Muslim, i.e. he accepts that he is a Christian, Jew, Hindu, etc.
  2. When a person negates, through his words or actions, something unanimously proven through Quran and Hadith. He will not be regarded a Muslim even though he claims to be one.

Jawahirul Fiqh Vol:1 Pg:23 (Maktabah Darul Uloom Karachi)

Secondly, although the Shias claim that they are Muslims, most of them have beliefs that negate the clear cut principles of Islam. Some of these beliefs are listed below:

 

1.      They regard the Quran to be incomplete, and say that most of the Quran has been changed.

2.      They regard most of the senior Sahabah (Radiyallahu Anhum), including the first three Khalifas, as murtads (those who have left the fold of Islam).

3.      They regard the status of their twelve Imams to be higher than the status of the Ambiya (Alaihim Assalaatu Wassalaam).

Aaapke Masaail aur Unka Hal Vol:1 Pg:188 (Maktabah Bayyinat)

 

Thereafter, Shias are categorised into three groups in regards to the ruling they fall under:

1.      Those about whom it is certain that they negate the principles of Islam. Such Shias will be regarded as non-Muslims even if they do claim otherwise. Shias have the habit of taqiyyah (i.e. they regard it virtuous to lie in order to safeguard their beliefs); therefore, their word will not be accepted, if reliable sources prove otherwise.

It is not permissible to have inter-marriages with such Shias, Janazah Salaah will not be performed upon their deceased, the meat from the animals slaughtered by them will not be halaal and all other laws confined to Muslims will not apply to them.

 

2.      Those who do not negate any principles of Islam, but have a difference of opinion with the Muslims on saying that Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu) was the most superior amongst all the Sahabah (Radiyallahu Anhum). Such Shias will not be regarded as non-Muslims, but they will still be regarded as fasiqs (those who transgress the laws of Islam openly).

The laws confined to Muslims will apply on them, but it will not be advisable to have inter-marriages with them.

 

3.      Those whose beliefs cannot be confirmed. They will not be regarded as Muslims nor will they be regarded as non-Muslims.

As a matter of precaution, inter-marriages with them will not be permissible and the meat from the animals slaughtered by them will not be halaal.

Jawaahirul Fiqh Vol:1 Pg:59-63 (Maktabah Darul Uloom Karachi)

 

As far as ties with Shias are concerned, it is not permissible to have close friendship with them. However, Islam encourages Muslims to have good conduct with them, and show good character.

 

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

 

Ml. M. Jawed Iqbal,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In’aamiyyah

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Are Shias Muslim or Not?

 

Q. Why do Ulama say that Shias are Kaafir? Shouldn't we be more tolerant and promote unity and peace? I have Shia friends who say that they don't believe in the wrong beliefs attributed to the Shias. They say that they are just following another mazhab (school of thought) within Islam. They do admit that there are extremists amongst them just as you would find extremists in other groups as well. Should I consider them as Kaafir even though they claim to be Muslims?
 
(Question published as received)
 
 
A. The criteria for declaring someone a non-Muslim is as follows:
 
a) When a person openly calls himself a non-Muslim, i.e. he accepts that he is a Christian, Jew, Hindu, etc.
 
b) When a person negates, through his words or actions, something from the Daruriyyat of Deen ( a compulsory /core aspect of the Islamic faith) proven through Quran and Hadith. Such a person will not be regarded as a Muslim even though he/she claims to be a Muslim.(Jawahirul Fiqh Vol:1 Page:23)
 
In light of the above kindly take note of the following: 
 
The Shi'a are categorised into three groups in regards to the ruling they fall under:
 
1. Those about whom it is certain that they negate the principles of Islam. Such Shias will be regarded as non-Muslims even if they do claim otherwise. Shias have the habit of taqiyyah (i.e. they regard it virtuous to lie in order to safeguard their beliefs); therefore, their word will not be accepted, if reliable sources prove otherwise.
 
2. Those who do not negate any principles of Islam, but have a difference of opinion with the Muslims on saying that Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu) was the most superior amongst all the Sahabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) and other such issues. Such Shias will not be regarded as non-Muslims, but they will still be regarded as fussaq (those who transgress the laws of Islam openly).
 
3. Those whose beliefs cannot be confirmed. They will not be regarded as Muslims nor will they be regarded as non-Muslims. (Jawaahirul Fiqh Vol:1 Pg:59-63)
 
The Shi'as predominantly found in the world today including Iran are the Ithna Ashari Shi'as who are not Muslims. 
 
Although the Ithna Ashari Shi'as claim that they are Muslims, they have beliefs, as established from their own books, that negate the clear cut principles of Islam.
 
Some of these beliefs are listed below:
 
1. They regard the Quran to be incomplete, and say that much of the Quran has been changed. (Usool al-Kafi Vol:4 Pages: 444/446)
 
2. They regard most of the senior Sahabah (Radiyallahu Anhum), including the first three Khalifas, as murtads (those who have left the fold of Islam). (Ainul Hayāt page:3, aqq al-Yaqīn page: 522)
 
3. They regard the status of their twelve Imams to be higher than the status of the Ambiya Alaihim Assalaatu Wassalaam. (ayāt al-Qulūb vol:3 page:10, Wilāyat al-Faqīh of Khomeini page: 58)
 
These are just a few examples. Many more references can be cited on various aspects of Aqeedah. Due to these and many other such beliefs, the Ithna Ashari Shi'a are not Muslims. 
 
It should be noted that Shi'a have the habit of taqiyyah (i.e. they regard it virtuous to lie in order to safeguard their beliefs). A person should be aware of this fact when interacting with them.
 
The differences between Ahlus Sunnah and the Shi'a are well documented and is in no way similar to the differences of opinion within the four schools of Fiqh (jurisprudence) within the Ahl al-Sunnah. While there would be extremists in all groups as you have alluded to in your question, we are referring to the beliefs of the mainstream Shi'a. Only the canonical works of the Shi'a and the opinions of their chief scholars were relied upon when determining their fundamental beliefs. 
 
We acknowledge your concern for the unity and well-being of the Muslim Ummah. However, as much as one would want to put aside the differences between the Ahl al-Sunnah and the Shia, the fact remains that these differences do exist, and that by their very nature both groups are worlds apart. 
 
We do condemn all forms of extremism and sectarian violence, and also pray for a peaceful end to the conflict in the Middle East, however, at the same time, we do not consider our adherence to the Truth to be detrimental to that aim. 
 
It is an obligation upon each one of us to uphold the pristine purity of the Deen of Islam as established from the Quran and Sunnah and to honour the Ahlul-Bait (the pure family of the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and all of his Noble Sahaabah Radhiyallahu Anhum.

May Allah guide us all and keep us on the straight path. Aameen. 

 
And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Tahir Hansa

Confirmation:
Mufti Ismaeel Bassa

(The answer hereby given is specifically based on the question asked and should be read together with the question asked. Islamic rulings on this Q&A newsletter are answered in accordance to the Hanafi Fiqh.) 
 
 
Fatwa Department

Jamiatul Ulama (KZN) 

Council of Muslim Theologians

223 Alpine Road, Overport
Durban, South Africa

Tel : +27 (0) 31 2077099 

Fax : +27(0) 31 2074163 

Website : www.jamiat.org.za
 
Twitter:@JamiatKZN

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