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Qur'an Reflections - from selected verses from the taraweeh recitation for each night

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Taraweeh Summary 21st Night

 

Hear Mufti A Hoosen Elias audio summary of the 21st night of Taraaweeh

 

22nd Para : Wa May Yakhnuut from 3½ Ruku of Surah Anbaas till 1.7 Ruku of Surah Yaseen.

 

A detailed explanation of issue two from the first verse i.e. Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is not to hated. 

 

A detailed explanation of the third issue.  One can marry the wives of his adopted sons (i.e. after they divorce of course) because they do not become ones real/natural sons.

 

A detailed explanation of the fourth issue Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) understood the interests of the Believers more than they knew themselves.

When these types of qualities were found in Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) then due to his blessings, he understood the interests of the Muslims much more.

 

A detailed explanation of issues five and six. The real wives of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) are the spiritual mothers of the believers. Their veneration and sacredness is like that of a mother and to marry them is eternally forbidden yet they are not your mothers by lineage. For this reason Laws of Hijab are not strictly observed with them.

 

A detailed explanation of issue seven. The Nabis will be questioned on the Day of Judgement if they conveyed the message and what was the outcome thereof.

 

The Ummat should value the Divine Laws now so that on Judgement Day you could testify in their favour.
Then issues eight is stated.

O Muslims! Stay away from hurting your Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) in any way and learn how to discharge your obligations from the Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) himself.

 

 

34. Suratul Saba: The Chapter Of Sheba.

Makkah- 54 Aayats.

 

This Surah in Brief:-
 

The subject matter here is the clarification on the issue of reward and punishment.

The denial of reward and punishment.

 

1) if these people (Kuffar) could become thankful then they would attain leadership like that of Nabis, Dawood (Alayhis Salaam) –plants, mountains and birds used to sing in praise of Allaah with him- and Suliman (Alayhis Salaam)- who understood the speech of birds and animals, jinns were assigned to work for him- and
 

2) if they refuse to do so then they will be deprived from the favour just as the people of Saba were.

If one does not maintain a connection with Allaah due to the fear of reward and punishment then to have a connection with everything else besides Allaah will be of no use too.

 

The dispute between a deviated and the one mislead on the Day of Recompensation is mentioned.

The deviated and misled ones will be disgusted and disappointed with those very objects of worship that they had confidence in.

Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was informed to tell us that he has not personal motive in letting us know of the Day of Recompense.

 

35. Surah Fatir : The Chapter of the Origins of the Creation.

Makkah- 45 Aayats.

 

This Surah in Brief:

 

The necessary warnings are brought through the medium of the Nabis before the Day of Recompensation so that at the time of  assessment it  cannot be said that we were seized uninformed.

 

There is no Creator but Allaah Ta'aala and the promise of seizure is a true one.  Therefore if one desires reformation he should be practical on the teachings he received through the medium of the great Angels i.e. huge angels with wings.

Just as brackish sea water and sweet ocean water cannot be equal likewise a beneficiary of revelation and its rejecter can never be equal.

 

Just as light and darkness, shade and sun, the living and the dead cannot be equal likewise a beneficiary of revelation and its rejecter can never be equal.

 

Just as various tastes, colours and specialties can be achieved from water substance the heart experiences various conditions once the door of Divine Mercy is open unto it. All created to serve humanity, but some call upon useless idols.

 

We (i.e. Allaah) have opened the door of Divine Mercy by making you our vice-regents so if you take benefit then the gain is yours otherwise the loss is yours too.

 

37. Surah Yasin.

Makkah- 83 Aayats

 

This Surah in Brief :-

 

Three issues in brief:

 

1. Prophethood;

2. Tawheed (monotheism – Unity of Allaah);

3. Reward and recompensation i.e. heart of the Quraan.

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Taraweeh Summary 22nd Night

 

Hear Mufti A Hoosen Elias audio summary of the 22nd night of Taraaweeh

 

23rd Para from 1.7 Ruku of Sura Zumoor- (The Throngs)

 

A detailed explanation of the issue on Prophethood.

Quraan is a book full of wisdom. Book from the Merciful. People must take head.

A detailed explanation of the issue on Tawheed.

Look at nature, the things created in plants, living things observe the night and day, the sun and the moon, revelation and heavenly bodies.

A detailed explanation on the issue on recompensation.

After the trumpet is blown the dead will rise up from the graves, no soul will suffer any injustice.

 

A repetition of the 3 issue as a conclusion:

 

1. Prophethood;

2. Tawheed;

3. Recompensation.

 

 

37. Suratus Saffaat : The Chapter of those raised in Ranks.

Makkah- 182 Aayats

 

This Surah in Brief :-

 

An invitation to Tawheed (monotheism)

The reason that people negate recompensation i.e.Jannat and Jahannum is because they do not see the need of Tawheed.

Status of Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, Haroon, Ilyaas, Loot and Yunus are mentioned in quick succession. Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam)’s duaa ‘grant me a pious son’ mentioned.

In addition, a reminder of activities after death is made.

The success of the Muwahideen (monotheists) is mentioned in the last three rukus.

 

38. Surah S_ad . 

Makkah- 88 Aayats.

 

This Surah in Brief :-

 

Revealed during social boycott of Nabi (S.A.W) and his family by the Quraish.

All the past nations were ruined due to them belying the Nabis and had these nations opted respect and had they returned to Allaah through penitence they could have saved themselves.

 

The Kuffar of Makkah regarded the Messenger of Qur'aan as a magician/sorcerer whereas in reality the denial was the very same reason for the destruction of all the previous nations. Mention is made of Ayyub, Ibrahim, Ishaaq, Ya’qub, Ismail, Ilyaas and Dhul Khifl (Alayhis Salaam).

 

Even now if they (Kuffar) are prepared to choose respect and return to Allaah through penitence, the Divine Mercy of Allaah is prepared to enshroud them.

 

Note: these incidents are narrated for us to take a lesson from. From these narrations it is learned that through penitence and seeking forgiveness the Divine Mercy of Allaah returns.

 

The Divine Mercy of Allaah would return if these people can only  choose respect and penitence.

 

Note: After this verse, mention is made of the incident of Suliman (Alayhis Salaam)’s great respect for Allaah.

 

Respect and penitence to Allaah is the transforming Divine Mercy and the opposers should actually opt for this.

The need for returning to Allaah through penitence.

 

39. Suratuz  Zumar : The throngs.

Makkah – 75 Aayats

 

This Surah in Brief:

 

Sincerity in Worship.

 

An invitation is given to sincerity in worship by recalling the bounties of Allaah and the activities to occur after death.

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Taraweeh Summary 23rd Night

 

Hear Mufti A Hoosen Elias audio summary of the 23rd night of Taraaweeh

 

24th from Start of Ruku 3 of Surah Zoomar till 5.2 Ruku of Surah Ha Meem Sijda.

 

An invitation to sincerity in worship and to be grateful to Allaah by a reminder of the visitations of Allaah.

 

Allaah announces Divine Protection for the sincere worshippers.

 

Intercession is not given to the insincere worshippers.

 

The announcement of salvation for the sincere worshippers, who tremble at its wahy, their skins and hearts melt at the rememberance of Allaah.

 

The chastisement of those who abandon sincerity.

 

The consequences of the sincere and insincere ones pertaining to after-life.

 

40. Suratul Mu'min : The Chapter of the Believer.

Makkah – 85 Aayats

 

This Surah in Brief: -

 

All these seven Surah's which begin with the Haa Meerm were revealed in the Makkan period. Each of these Surah's extend an invitation towards the Noble Qur'aan. Nevertheless each one has a distinct mode of approach. A believing relative of Fir’oun speaks in favour of Musa (Alayhis Salaam). Nuh (Alayhis Salaam) is mentioned.

 

Hence, this Surah (Al Mu'min) warns the opposers of the Lofty Qur'aan. Allaah forgives sins and accepts repentance.

The opposers of the Lofty Qur'aan are warned by way of a reminder on the visitation of Allaah about the angels carrying the Arsh of Allaah.

 

A reminder of the events after death.

A reminder of the visitation of Allaah once again.

The visitation of Allaah and on the events after death together in Ruku, people’s hearts will jump up to their throats.

The opposers of the Noble Qur'aan are warned by way of a reminder on events after death once again.

Which of Allaah’s signs did you deny ?

The opposers of the Noble Qur'aan are warned by way of an reminder on events after death once again.

A reminder of the bounties of Allaah and His visitations are mentioned.

 

41. Surah  Haa Meem As Sajdah: the chapter of the Haa Meem, the Prostration (Fussilat: (Revelations well Expanded)

Makkah – 54 Aayats

 

This Surah in brief:

 

An invitation to the Noble Qur'aan. The Qur'aan was revealed on the demand of "Ar-Rahman"  (The compassionate) and "Ar-Raheem (The Most merciful). Stories of Aad and Thamud mentioned.

 

An invitation to The Noble Qur'aan is a continual theme and was designed as an invitation towards Tawheed (monotheism). The skin will testify against man.

 

In addition to this is a reminder of the bounties of Allaah and His visitations too.

In addition to this is a reminder of the events after death. Dead earth revived by rain.

 

In addition to this is a reminder of the events after death.

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Taraweeh Summary 24th Night

 
Hear Mufti A Hoosen Elias audio summary of the 24th night of Taraaweeh

 

25th Para from the 5.2 Ruku of Surah Haa Meem Sijda till end of Surah Jathiya.

 

An invitation to the Noble Qur'aan and the purpose of the Noble Qur'aan itself is an invitation towards Tawheed.

 

42. Suratush Shura: the chapter of the Councel.

Makkah – 35 Aayats 

 

This Surah in brief :-

 

Mutual constitution is a basic social principle.

An invitation to the Noble Qur'aan.  In particular reference is made to the fact that the Revelation of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was similar to the revelation of the past Nabi, hence there is no possibility of them denying anything is mentioned.
 
An invitation to the Noble Qur'aan.  Particularly reference is made to the similarity of the Revelation of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) to other Nabis, like Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa and Isa (Alayhis Salaam).

An invitation to the Noble Qur'aan and a description of the day of Doom.

 

Those who disputed in the signs of Allaah will never be saved. Yes! Those who bring faith will be granted salvation and this is their praiseworthy quality.

 

An invitation to the Noble Qur'aan.

 

43. Suratuz Zukhruf : The chapter of the Ornaments of Allaah.

 

This Surah in Brief:

 

The Noble Qur'aan in plain arabic will not be raised from the earth by you turning away from it.

An invitation to the Noble Qur'aan by a reminder of the visitation of Allaah. Generally gold and silver are a barrier to accept Truth.

 

An answer is given to the Kuffar of Makkah to clear a doubt. Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam), Musa (Alayhis Salaam) and Isa (Alayhis Salaam) mentioned.

 

The result of the teachings of the Noble Qur'aan is the lesson of Tawheed. So whenever the mention of Essa (Alayhis Salaam) is a human being comes then the Kuffar of Makkah used to say that the Noble Qur'aan respects the Lord of the Christians but it abuses our Lords.

 

An answer to the above doubt is given. Allaah’s bondsmen who submitted to Allaah will not fear on the Day of Judgment.

An invitation to the Noble Qur’aan is repeated.

 

44. Suratud  Dukhan : The Chapter of the Smoke.

Makkah – 59 Aayats. 

 

This Surah in Brief :-

 

An invitation to the Noble Qur'aan.

 

The illuminated Book was revealed on the Blessed Night and it is on this Blessed Night the decision of all matters are made in principle. If any one does not follow the Noble Qur'aan then he will not be able to save himself from the worldly and hereafter torments.

 

A reminder of the visitation of Allaah. 

Fir'oun was affiliated with worldly punishments because he turned from the Divine Laws.

A reminder of the visitations of Allaah.

The nation of Tubb'a(the people of Himyar, in Arabic) were annihilated due to their opposition to the Divine Laws.

 

Allaah announces a punishment in the Aakhirat (hereafter) for those who deny the Divine Laws.

 

45. Suratul Jathiyah : The Kneeling down.

Makkah – 37 Aayats
 

 

 

This Surah in Brief:

 

An invitation to the Noble Qur'aan.  A further detailed topic discussed is that honour and respect is limited within the confines of following the Noble Qur'aan.

 

Disgrace is inevitable on those who abandon the following of the Book of Allaah.

 

You should follow that Shariah (code of life) which you received, through the medium of the Qur'aan, and do not pay any attention to the desires of the Kuffar.

 

Sound mindedness is taken away when one abandons the following of the Book of Allaah.

 

Those who mocked the signs of Allaah will be deprived of Divine Mercy on Judgement Day and they will be flung into hell. On the Day of Judgement the whole of humanity will kneel down. For thinking people, the creations, beasts, night, day, rain and winds are signs.

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Taraweeh Summary 25th Night

 

Hear Mufti A Hoosen Elias audio summary of the 25th night of Taraaweeh

 

26th Para from Sura Ah qaaf till 1.5 Ruku of Sura Zaariyaat.

 

46. Suratul  Ahqaaf : The Sand Dunes.

Makkah – 34 Aayats.

 

This Surah in Brief :-

 

The sand dunes of Hadhramout, Yemen, where Hood (A.S) was sent to Aad were destroyed.

Providing a period for contemplations after having presented the invitation (of the truth) is part of the system of Allaah. Show kindness to parents.

The time period of everything is appointed therefore the annihilation of the Kuffar, because of their turning away, is also fixed. Jinn who listened to Nabi (S.A.W) praying became Muslims.

It is part of the system of Allaah to provide a period to repent to the Kuffar after they have turned away (from the truth).

 

The mention of the nation of Aad is made by way of a reminder of the visitation of Allaah.  (i.e. people are afflicted with a punishment due to denying the warning of a warner/inviter). Every Muslim must be an exponent of the Quraan.

 

Those who turn away from the Noble Book will not be able to save themselves at the time when the punishment comes. Nevertheless to provide time for reform is still part of the system of Allaah. Patience must be shown whilst preaching.

 

 

47. Surah Muhammad :  The Chapter of the Nabi Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)

Madinah – 38 Aayats
 

 

 

This Surah in Brief:

 

Islaam is compared against Kufr (i.e. disbelief) and Nifaaq (hypocrisy). War captives should be freed with a condition or after taking ransom.

 

The comparison of Islaam against Kufr. Jannat is described. Rivers of water, milk honey and wine.

 

The comparison of Islaam against Kufr and Nifaaq is made. Believers are encouraged to invoke Allaah for forgiveness. Allaah will expose the malice which the hypocrites have against Muslims.

 

The comparison of Islaam against kufr and Nifaaq is once again done. Asserts have been given as test. Is one prepared to sacrifice. Know the life of this world is nothing but sport and past time. Muslims who guard against evil will be rewarded in abundace.

 

 

48. Suratul Fath : The Chapter of the Conquest (Victory).

Madinah : 29 Aayats

 

This Surah in Brief:
 

 
Glad tidings on the victory of Islaam with the conditions of the victory, via the Treaty of Hudaibiyyah.

 

1. Mention is made of the four qualities of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), one seen by Allaah, a witness, a bearer of good news and warner.
 

2. The Divine Curse upon the hypocrites and  polytheists and the prophecy of their admittance into hell.

Mention is made of those who remained behind and the helpless ones.

 

The consequences of taking a pledge of death.

 

Then,

 

1. A general announcement on the dominance of Islaam
 

2. The followers of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) are persuaded to accept one principle i.e. they should be hard against the disbeliever's and soft amongst themselves.
 

 

49. Suratul Hujaraat : The Chapter of the Apartments (chambers).

Madinah : 18 Aayats

 

This Surah in Brief:

 

The rules and regulations of mutual relations and social ethics amongst the Muslims is stated.

 

1. How should one behave with his Ameer (leader) explained.
 

2. How should one maintain the relationship with those who are based in the headquarters and perchance the relationship is spoiled then how should one rectify the situation stated.

 

Such a mode of conduct should be exercised amongst each other that no tension should be felt.  Personal opinions must not overrule laws of Shariat. Practice justice and seek the truth. Do not degrade anyone nor call any one by a nickname, avoid suspicion and spying. Do not backbite.

 

 

50. Surah  Qaaf : The Chapter of the Cave. 

Makkah – 49 Aayats.

 

This Surah in Brief :

Confirming the issues on Re-compensation.

 

Following points mentioned :-

1. Had these people contemplated over the Noble Qur'aan then amongst themselves no doubt would have remained concerning Prophethood.

2. The actual reason of denial is the denial of the Day of Re-compensation.

3. Had these people pondered over the annihilation of the previous nations, they would realise that the cause of their destruction was in reality belying of the Nabis.

4. These people are the deniers of Re-compensation while the beleivers are preparing for it every moment of time.

5. On that day (i.e. Judgement Day) the deviated ones and the deceivers will blame each other,  this hostility will be futile.

6. It is necessary to respect Allaah and to return to Him through penitence in order to be saved from this punishment.

7. If they continue doing so then you should continuing strengthening your connection with Allaah daily, and
 

8. Continue disciplining the eager ones. 

 

51. Suratuz  Zaariyaat : The Chapter of the Winds. 

 
Makkah – 60 Aayats

 

This Surah in brief:

 

Compensation of every action is certain in the 1st and 3rd ruku. The pious will stay amidst gardens and fountains.

 

Re-compensation will definitely occur. Stories of Ibrahim (A.S) and Musa (A.S) mentioned together with the people of Aad and Thamud.

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Taraweeh Summary 26th Night

 

Hear Mufti A Hoosen Elias audio summary of the 26th of Taraaweeh

 

27th Para from 1.5 of Surah Zaariyaat till end of Surah Hadeed.

 

1. Compensation of actions is certain.

2. The purpose of the creation if Man and Jinn, is to worship Allaah.

 

 

52. Suratul Toor : The Chapter of the Mountain Sinai.

Makkah 49 Aayats.

This Surah in Brief:

 

The punishment of evil actions is certain.

 

The punishment will befall the antagonists of the truth.

 

Allaah Ta'aala commands Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) to
continue propagating the same message which all Ambiyaa did.

Do they think that by them not accepting your directives it will
prevent the forthcoming events. Mt. Sinai is where Moosa (Alayhi
Salaam) received ‘wahy’ and saw Allaah’s glory.

 

53. Suratun Najm : The Chapter of the Stars.

Makkah – 62 Aayats

This Surah in Brief

 

The traditions or sayings of Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) are Divine Revelation too and your (i.e. Kufr) beliefs are based on mental evaluations and are pure mental assumptions and do not be bothered about these.

 

Also

 

1. Do not these people know that every person will be recompensed for their actions.
 

2. Allaah Ta'aala will recompense the people by Himself, therefore
 

3. He ruined Aad, Thamud, the people of Noah (Alayhis Salaam) etc as punishment for their evil actions.
 

4. Meeraj is also mentioned.

 

 

54. Suratul Qamar : The Chapter of the Moon.

Makkah : 55 Aayats

This Surah in brief:-

 

Removing the idea that Qiyaamat (Judgement Day) is a far-fetched thing. Qiyaamat means when the whole universe will be in a condition of turmoil and havoc. The matter regarding the breaking of a heavenly body (i.e. the splitting of the moon) from the universe is a clear proof that the remaining heavenly bodies will also encounter weaknesses and perish.

 

1. Removing the thought that Judgement day is far-fetched.

2. A reminder of the visitations of Allaah in the next 3 rukus.

The story of Nuh (Alayhis Salaam), his call, the rain and the ark. Resting thereafter on Mount Judi, border of Turkey. The statement; “We have made the Quraan easy to remember, but will anyone take heed” appears 4 times.

 

 

55. Suratur Rahmaan : The Chapter of the Compassionate.

Madinah – 78 Aayats

 
This Surah in Brief:

 

This  Surah is an answer to the question "Who is Ar-Rahmaan?" which the Kuffar posed.  Allaah knows best!

A reminder of the bounties of Allaah.

 

1. Everything will definitely perish.

2. That Benefactor who has showed favours upon you will take your reckoning.
 

3. Those who misused the favours will be dealt with severly.

 

Allaah will reward those who use their favours properly by granting them Jannat and its delights and two gardens. The words “then which of Your Rabb’s favours you deny” appears 31 times in this Surah.

 

 

56. Suratul Waqiah : The Chapter of that which must come to pass.

Makkah – 96 Aayats

This Surah in Brief :-

 

On the day of Judgement there will be three categories of people. Those on the right, left and foremost. Two categories, the right and the foremost, will be saved and the third one, the left, will be doomed.

 

1. The categories briefly outlined, the righteousness and those who accepted the truth upon presentation, are the successful.

2. Mention is made of the bounties of the two saved categories will receive.

 

Then :-

1. Mention is made of how Allaah will deal with the Ashabush Shima (i.e. the dwellers of hell).
 

2. Removing the thought that resurrection is far-fetched, by mentioning the natural surroundings.

 

A repetition on how Allaah will deal with all three categories as a conclusion.

 

 

57. Suratul Hadeed : The Chapter of Iron.

Madinah – 29 Aayats.

This Surah in Brief:
 

 

The manner in which to achieve Dominion.

 

1. If one desires respect and authority then one should lay oneself completely to obey the orders of Allaah.

2. Learn how to spend in the path of Allaah.

3. When one spends then in this world his Imaan strengthens and in the Aakhirat (hereafter) he receives Nur  (i.e. celestial light)

4. When one avoids spending (in the path of Allaah) then in this world he acquires hypocrisy and the Nur is snatched away from him in the Aakhirat (hereafter).

 

When one avoids spending in the path of Allaah then he is diseased with vainglory and amassment in wealth and offspring, etc.

 

Allaah has mercy and compassion in sight for His creation. There should be no blending of innovations with these laws revealed from Allaah Ta'aala. The role of Nuh (Alayhis Salaam) and Ibrahim (Alayhis Salaam) as Allaah’s Nabi’s is stated, believers will be rewarded with this nur and pardon.

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Taraweeh Summary 27th Night

 

Hear Mufti A Hoosen Elias audio summary of the night of Taraaweeh

 

28th Para From Sura Mujadalah till end of Mursalaat.

 

58. Surah Mujadalah : She who pleaded.

 

This Surah in brief:

 

Several topics are discussed:

 

1. The obligations of the Muslims Political Party.

2. Their own constitution, in obeying Allaah and His Rasul.

3. The Political Party elect their Head.

4. The execution of the Laws from the point of the leadership.

5. Mention is made of those people who are not worthy of being part of the politic Party.

 

Also to break an old arab custom on divorce. Once a woman divorced she cannot re-marry, if her husband told her “Be on to me like my mothers back”.

 

It is permissible to sit separately with the authorities in order to listen to the grievances.

 

1. The authorities should keep in mind that Allaah Ta'aala is All- Seeing

2. Their constitution in the Quraan and Sunnat.
 

3. The head of the Political Party should be a knowledgeable one.
 

4. Obedience to the Head.

 

Those who keep friendship with the enemies of Islaam cannot be part of counselling body.
 

Status of Sahabah (R.A) mentioned at end “Allaah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Allaah.”

 

 

59. Suratul Hashr : The Chapter of the Gathering.

Madinah – 24 Aayats.

 

This Surah in brief:

 

Five issues are highlighted here:

 

1. The initiation of Muslim Rule, when Nabi(S.A.W) established the Muslim state in Madinah.
 

2. The reasons of survival, obeying Allaah.
 

3. The reasons of destruction, disobeying Allaah.
 

4. It is impossible for one who remains practical on the Qur'aan to be disgraced in the world.
 

5. The conditions of how to take benefit from the Noble Qur'aan.

 

The causes of the Rule collapsing.
 

The explanation is as following:
That whenever hypocrites arise in any people through it may appear as if they are united with the people while secretly they hold good relations with the enemies and at the same time they make all-out effort for the friendship with them, then at this point the decline of the Rule begins. 

 

Therefore in this Surah the Muslims are informed of the conditions of such treacherous people so that the Muslims may take precautions.

 

1. It is impossible for a person to be disgraced in this world when he practises on the Noble Qur'aan.
 

2. The conditions of taking benefit from the Qur'aan i.e. until and unless there is not exclusive firm belief with regards to Allaah Ta'aala in the heart and no estimation of His might and strength then till then no benefit can be derived from the laws and Commands of man.

 

60. Suratul Mumtahinah : The Chapter of the examined One.

Madinah : 13 Aayats.

 

This Surah in brief:

 

Breaking ties with the Kuffar (disbelievers).

The reasons of breaking ties (who) expelled Nabi (S.A.W) from Makkah and waged war against Muslims and harmed Muslims.

 

The categories of Kuffar are two kinds:

 

1. The first category are those with whom reconciliation is not permissible due to their extreme hatred for Muslims.

2. The second category is those with whom fighting is not permissible, who are not actively hostile to the Muslims. Show kindness and friendliness so that they be inclined to Islaam.

 

61. Suratus Saff : The Chapter of the Ranks.

Madinah :14 Aayats

 
 

This Surah in brief:

 

The duties of the Self Sacrificers;

There are three useful groups in any community: namely, the learned ones, the wealthy and the self-sacrificers.

 

If these three groups fulfil their duties i.e unity and fulfilling their pledges, then such a community will strengthen and on the contrary if any one group neglects its duties then this communtiy will be destroyed. 

 

So for this reason Suratul Saff elaborates the duties of the Self-Sacrificers to be ready to spend their wealth for Allaah and Suratul Jumu'ah elaborates the duties of the learned and Suratul Munafiqeen  exhorts the duties of the wealthy.

 

1. The status of the Self-sacrificers in the eyes of Allaah.
 

2. The punishment in the instance of not fulfilling the duties
 

3. The field of discharging these duties.

 

Also Hadhrat Isa (Alayhis Salaam) and Hadhrat Musa (Alayhis Salaam) are mentioned. The prophecy of Hadhrat Isa(Alayhis Salaam) on the advent of Nabi Muhammad (S.A.W) stated, ‘A Nabi that shall come after me, whose name wil be Ahmed”.

 

The reward of the most loved actions to Allaah.

 

62. Surah Jumuah : The Chapter of the Assembly (Friday) Prayer.

Madinah – 11 Aayats

 
 

This Surah in brief:

 

The duties of the learned scholars (noble Ulema) as deputies of Nabi (S.A.W). To purify hearts and convey messages.

 

1. The duties of the learned Scholars.

2. The punishment in the instance of not fulfilling the duties. The with holding of Allaah’s bounties.
 

3. The standard of discharging the duties. No trade or worldy benefit must deter one from duties.

 

Jumuah (Friday) is the day of the propagation of the Noble Qur'aan. For this reason it is incumbent upon every Muslim that he participates in the prayer.

 

63. Suratul Munafiqeen : The Chapter of the Hypocrites.

Madinah – 11 Aayats.

 

This Surah in brief:

 

The duties of the wealthy, to aid the needy, like the Ansaar helped the Muhajireen.

 

The wealthy will be governed by their wealth as Munafiqeen (hypocrites) if they do not spend in the path of Allaah in spite of having the means. The

 

Munafiqeen tried to convince the Ansaar not to spend on the Muhajireen.

 

The Muslims are forced to be alert by giving charity just so that the disease of hypocrisy does not grow from within, for when death comes, not one extra minute to do anything is given.

 

64. Surah Taghaboon : The Chapter of the mutual loss and gain.         

Madinah – 18 Aayats.  

  

This Surah in brief:

 

1. The verses of the souls and universe i.e. that loss is failure in the Aakhirat and gain is salvation in the world compel us to follow Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).

2. The following of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) will result in a great success on the day of Judgement.

 

3. Reasoning of the obstacles.

 

The verses of the souls and universe compels us to follow Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) which will result in a great success on the Day of Judgement.

V2 regarding the souls, V5 regarding the universe, V9 regarding the great success.

 

Many difficulties will be encounted when one strives to follow the Light (Nur) and at these times one should not deviate from the path.

 

The obstacles should be removed. i.e. all these obstacles which may stand in the way of good action and Imaam , like the Prophetic call by saying, “Will mortals be our guides”, spouses and children behave like enemies.

 

65. Suratut Talaq : The Chapter of Divorce.

Madinah: 12 Aayats

 

This Surah in brief:

 

In Huququl Ibaad (i.e. Rights of the people) it is not permissible to amend or abrogate any law.

Issues pertaining to divorce and iddah (waiting time after divorce).

The divine punishment of Allaah Ta'aala also appear’s due to amendment and abrogations of Huququl-Ibaad. Not to harass or make life untolerable for the women in iddah, but to spend on them.

 

66. Suratut Tahreem : The chapter of Holding.

Madinah 12 Aayats.

 

This Surah in brief:

 

Nothing should serve as a hindrance to the standard duty (obligation of man).

 

Even if the pure wives of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)
had to serve as a hindrance to his standard obligations, then he
would have divorced them too.

On the analogy of the above it is duty of the Muslims to save their
kith and kin from Jahannam together with themselves i.e.  people
should not be obstacles to each other in the carrying out of their
standard duties in Islaam.

The good recompense of turning to Allaah genuinely, like the wife
of Fir’oun who prayed “ My Rabb, build for me a house in Jannat, in
Your mist, and deliver me from Fir’oun and his evil actions” and
Hadhrat Maryam (Alayhis Salaam).

Worldly relationships with the Divine do not matter when one is not
any subservient to Allaah, like the wives of Nuh (Alayhis Salaam)
and Lut (Alayhis Salaam).

 

67. Surah  Mulk : The Chapter of Sovereignty.

Makkah – 30 Aayats.

 

This Surah in brief:

 

It is said to the oppressors, accept Allaah Ta'aala as the Sovereign to the system of the universe and give proof of loyalty! Look at His flawless creations.

Allaah Ta'aala is the Sovereign of the entire universe because, He
has created it.

Whosoever rebels against His sovereignty will be flung into prison 
and that prison is Jahannum. It will be roaring and screaming,
bursting with rage.

Whosoever proves loyalty and leaving Allaah will be forgiven and
rewarded tremendously.

He i.e Allaah is capable of inflicting various types of punishments
From the heavens and earths, give thanks to He, who has given us
ears, eyes and a heart.

Your armies (i.e. armies of the opposers) are incompetent in
comparison to His.

 

68. Suratul Qalam : Chapter of the Pen.

Makkah – 52 Aayats.

 

This Surah in brief:

 

If you (i.e. Kuffar) declare this Deen to be fake then you also have pens in your possession so write a Qur'aan similar to this.

These Kuffar made allegations on Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alayhi
Wasallam), Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) will receive countless
rewards for His patience.

Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was told not to accept any of
their matters.

These people will in the end endure losses like the people of the
Orchids (as mentioned in Surah Kahf) who decided to pick fruit the
next morning without saying “If Allaah wills.”

Yes indeed!  The opposers and supporters can never be equal.
Yunus (Alayhis Salaam) is mentioned and that the Quraan is an
admonition to mankind is reiterated.

 

69. Suratul Haaqqah: The Chapter of the Sure Reality.

Makkah – 52 Aayats
 
This Surah in brief:

 

Re-compensations on actions are received both in this world and the hereafter. Everything will be exposed and no secrets concealed. Those who are given the Name – Amal in the right hand will go to Jannat. Whilst those who are given the book in the left hand will know that their wealth avaled them not.

The nations of Aad, Thamud and Fir'oun etc.  received punishment in this world and will still receive more in the hereafter.

 

a. This Noble Qur'aan was brought down by the esteemed messenger (i.e. Jibrael (Alayhis Salaam).

b. It is the Sustainer of the universe who revealed it.

c. Nevertheless, only the Allaah conscious one's will derive benefit.

 

70. Suratul Ma'arij : the Chapter of the Ways of Ascent.

Makkah – 44 Aayats.

 

This Surah in brief:

 

A detailed discription on the Day of Reward and Punishment.
A detailed discription on the Day of Re-compensation, heavens
became like molten brass, mountains like foating wool, sinners will
sacrifice their kith and kin for salvation, but in vain.

The praiseworthy qualities of the Jannaties (i.e. People of
Paradise), who were steadfast in Salaat, gave charity, believed in
the Aakhirat, feared Allaah’s punishment, protected their chastity,
maintained their trusts and fulfilled their promises. Also gave
proper witness.

 

Leave the deniers of Qiyamat in their immoral and vain pursuit for they will be present on Judgement Day, to witness all that they did.

 

71. Suratun Noah : The Chapter of Noah (Alayhis Salaam).

Makkah – 28 Aayats.

 

This Surah in brief:

 

The propagation procedures of the Nabis by stating the example of Nuh (Alayhis Salaam) to his people.

 

The purpose of Tabligh (propagation), pleasuring Allaah, piety and
obedience.

The day and night activities in Tabligh (i.e. propagation), as done
by Nuh(Alayhis Salaam), aloud in public and secretly in private.
The arrangement of excellent results by accepting the commands,
salvation in totality.

 

If the invited ones do not appreciate the sincerity of the inviter like thrusting their fingers in their ears and covering their heads, then the mere pain of the oppressed one's heart is good enough to cause such people to burn (i.e. in hell-fire). The rejectors of Nuh (Alayhis Salaam)’s call were drowned.

 

72. Suratul Jinn : The chapter of the Jinn.

Makkah  - 23 Aayats

 

This Surah in brief:

 

Just as the right-minded human beings are thirsty for the life giving water of the Qur'aan similarly are the right minded Jinn looking forward to this Qur'aan.

 

The righteous Jinn take immediate effect by listening to the
Qur'aan, and they immediately proceed to propagate the message
to their people.

The purpose of Tabligh (propagation) is invitation towards Allaah,
by the Nabi, which is now the duty of Muslims.

The Nabis are not possessors of any one's loss or gain.

Their duty is the propagation of the Divine Laws.

 

73. Suratul  Muzammil : The Chapter of the One Folded in Garments.

Makkah – 20 Aayats

 

This Surah in brief:

 

The principles of a propagator.

 

The propagator prepares himself before the propagation, keeping
vigil at night, reciting the Quraan and keeping in focus the level of
the people.

Time allocation of a propagator;

The connection of propagator with Allaah; because worry is very
difficult and one becomes like a stranger.

The destruction of the opposers after the propagation.

 

The acts of worship have been moderated because the era of the people of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is so much more vast.

 

74. Suratul Muddath’thir : The Chapter of the Wrapped-One.

Makkah – 56 Aayats.
 
This Surah in brief:

 

Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) has to only fulfil the rights of propagation to the creation of Allaah and via him all his followers to warn people of the Aakhirat, and leave the destruction of the opposers to Allaah. Human pride is the major cause and hinderance in recognising the Haqq.

 

If the denial remains perpetual and the aversion from physical and monetary acts of worship continues then entrance to Hell is definite and salvation impossible. Conversation between the dwellers of Jannat and Jahannum reveals that the Jahanamis reached there because

1.) they did not pray or

2.) feed the hungry or

3.) were involved in vain disputes and

4.) denied Aakhirat.

 

75. Suratul Qiyaamah : The Chapter of Judgement Day.

Makkah – 40 Aayats
 
This Surah in brief:

 

The Confirmation of Judgement Day.

 

Confirmation of Qiyaamah by verse of the Souls which states, when
eyesight shall be dazed and the moon and sun brought together.

The harms of denying Qiyaamah, when man will “whither shall I
flee”.

The reasons of denying Qiyaamah, by man bearing witness against
himself.

The various categories of people on Qiyaamah, evil ones to be
punished and pious rewarded.

Removing the thought of Qiyaamah being far-fetched, by stating we have not been sent without purpose. Allaah has created us from nothing and has the Qudraat to give life to the dead.

 

76. Suratul Dahr : The Chapter of Time or Man.

Makkah – 31 Aayats

 

This Surah in brief:

 

Negation of atheism or materialism.

Affirmation of a Creation, from nothing.

Types of Man, those who choose good and those who chose evil.

 

The qualities of those who accept a Creator, are :-

1.) fulfil vows,

2.) fear the Day of Judgment

3.) feed the poor.

 

The rewards of their actions.

The way of those who obey the Creator, by remembering Him at
dawn and in the evening and prostrate at night.

The explanation of the helplessness of the creation, who are
ungrateful to their Rabb and leave behind a sorrow laden day.

 

77. Suratul Mursalaat : The Chapter of Those Sent Forth.

Makkah – 50 Aayats

 

This Surah in Brief:
 

The issue of recompensation, stressed by the words “Oh, woe on the day to the deniers” which appears 10 times in 50 Aayats.

 

A detailed explanation of the Day of Recompensation.

The Dreadful consequences of those who deny the Day of
Recompensation i.e. no shade nor shelter from the blazing flames.

The excellent rewards for those who believe in the Day of

Recompensation, who will stay in cool shades and fountains.

 

A repeated warning, is stated in the Aayat “In which revelation,
after this, will they then believe.”

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Taraweeh Summary 28th Night

 

 

29th Para From Surah Nabaa Till Surah Lail.

 

78. Suratun Naba : The Chapter of the Great News.

Makkah – 40 Aayats

 

This Surah in Brief:

 

The detailed explanation of the Day of Re-compensation is based on the principles of the farmers.

1. Just as the plantation itself is the primary concern and the equipment of farming is supplied accordingly likewise in the system of the entire universe man is the only object of concern and everything else falls secondary.

2. Just as the plantation has a day of harvest whereby the crop and husk is separated, likewise here there is a need for a day of separation wherein the two types of people are distinguished.

 

The Allaah conscious one's (who are like the crop) are rewarded,
with the physical pleasures of Jannat.

Besides their reward they will be additionally gifted. The evildoers
will drink foul things in Jahannum. No intercession even by the
angels will be of benefit for the sinners who will wish they were
dust.

 

 

79. Suratun Naziaat : The Snatchers.

Makkah – 46 Aayats

 

This Surah in Brief:

 

Re-compensation.

 

Removing the thought that Qiyaamah is far-feteched by stating how the winds ‘remove men’s soul’ and all the dead will arise from a ‘single shake’.

 

It is evident in the first example that at the very moment of the last breath everything is out of one's control in one instant. This is a physical change as explained in the story of Musa (Alayhis Salaam) and from one who claimed “I am the Rabb, most High”. Fir’oun was destroyed with his followers.

 

In the second example an immediate spiritual change is evident. Just as we notice daily the physical change occurring likewise an analogy can be made on the universal changes or specific change.

 

There will be two categories of people on Judgement Day :-

 

1.) The transgressers, who loved this world will proceed to Jahannum.

2.) The Allaah fearing, who constrained his souls desire will find home in Jannat.

 

 

80. Surah  Abasa : The Chapter He (Who) Frowned.

Makkah – 42 Aayats

 

This Surah in Brief:

 

Equality in teachings.

 

1. In teaching of Deen (Islaam) the worldly people should not be considered as related in the manner Nabi (S.A.W) treated Abdullaah ibn Umm Makhtum (R.A) the blindseeker of Haqq.
 

2. The eminence of the pages of the Noble Qur'aan, purified and exalted by the hands of the Noble (Sahabah) and pious, saints.
 

3. The beginning of creation and the end of life is mentioned sonot to be ungrateful.
 

4. In the needs of life, the poor and rich derive equal benefits then why should there be no equality in the teachings of Deen.

 

 

81. Suratut Takweer : The chapter of the Folding-up.

Makkah – 29 Aayats

 

This Surah in brief:-

 

The manner in which a Nabi receives knowledge and from where it
comes. Mention of the first ‘wahi’ when Nabi (S.A.W) saw Jibraeel
in his original form. In the beginning a description of the Last hour
given and lastly proclaiming the Quraan is a warning to the
righteous.

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Taraweeh Summary 29th Night

 

Surah Lail till Surah Naas.

 

 

92. Suratul  Lail : The Chapter of the Night.

Makkah – 21 Aayats.

 

The message of this Surah is:-

 

1. Due to different natural forces and effects of extreme elements a definite difference of action is found in mankind.

2. Those with praiseworthy qualities will definitely be saved in this world and the Aakhirat (hereafter).
 

3. Those with immoral qualities will definitely be disgraced in this world and the Aakhirat (hereafter).
 

4. Give charity and have fear of Allaah.

 

 

93. Suratud Duha : The Chapter of the Glorious Morning Light.

Makkah – 11 Aayats

 

The interim period of Revelation is the cause of perfecting the forces of Imaam. Orphans should not be treated injustly. Allaah’s message of hope does not forsake its adherents.

 

94. Surah Alam Nashrah : The Chapter of the Solace.
Makkah – 8 Aayats

 

This surah serves as an appendix to the previous one. Divine revelation ultimately gudies one away from ignorance and superstitious. Resistance to truth causes spread of Islaam. One should accept problems with steadfast patience and use opportunities to expand. Thus after every hardship comes ease.

 

 

95. Suratut Teen : The Chapter of the Fig.

Makkah – 8 Aayats
 
If man fulfils his obligations then he is the best of creation and if not then he is the worst of creation. Allaah has “created mankind in the best form” and granted as qualities to use to perceive the truth. Man is born honoured. Due to sin man descends to the lowest of low.

 

 

96. Suratul Alaq : The Chapter of the Leech like clot.

Makkah – 19 Aayats

 

 

Remain sleepless for the propagation of the Deen (O Nabi
(Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and Hand-over the punishment of the
Kuffar to us (i.e. Allaah). The first 5 Aayats were revealed first,
promoting us learning. We have been created from clot. Those who
reject the truth and prostrate, gain closeness to Him.

 

 

97. Suratul Qadr : The Chapter of the night of Taqdeer.

Makkah – 5 Aayats

 

The Qur'aan descended from the Loh-e-Mahgooz (i.e. the
Preserved Tablet) to the first sky during the night. It is better than
a 1000 months.

Angels and Jibraeel (Alayhis Salaam) descend. Special spiritual
enlightment occurs.

 

 

98. Suratul Bayyinah: The Chapter of the Clear Evidence.

Madinah – 8 Aayats

 

1. The need for sending Rasulullaah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and not an iracle or angel as demanded by disbelievers.

2. The Deen of Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) unites in principles with the previous religions.
 

3. The supporters of the teachings of Islaam are the best of creation and it opposers are the worst. Sahabah (R.A) have been classified “Allaah is pleased with them, and they are well pleased with Him”.

 

 

99. Suratul Zilzal : The Chapter of the Convulsion.

Makkah – 8 Aayats
  
It describes the beginning events of Qiyaamah. When the earth will convulge due to a huge earthquake or the first blowing of the trumpet to herald Qiyaamat. Nothing on earth will survive. Mountains will be reduced to dust and rivers will dry up. Man will see and be recompensed for each atom of good or bad he did.

 

 

100. Suratul  Aadiyaat : The Chapter of the those (horses) that Ran.

Makkah – 11 Aayats

 

Explains the disease of ingratitude which men displays openly
towards Allaah.

Then the cause of the disease of man’s intense love of material
wealth is stated.

The cure of the disease will be administered on the Day of
Qiyaamah.

 

 

101. Suratul  Qariah : The Chapter of the Day of Clamour.

Makkah- 11 Aayats

 

Mentions vividly the catastrophe before Qiyaamah. Then the weighing of men’s actions. The injust will be punished.

 

 

102. Suratut Takathur : The Chapter of the Piling-up.

Makkah – 8 Aayats

 

States when one becomes negligent towards ones obligations then one will be afflicted with the desease of greed, which leads to amassing of wealth. Thus resulting in pride, boastfulness and arrogance. On the Day, one will be questioned about the boons and favours of Allaah.

 

 

103. Suratul Asr : The Chapter of the Time.

Makkah – 3 Aayats

 

The four principles for success in both worlds is mentioned, otherwise man is in total loss. Imaan, performing of righteous acts, encouringing and being steadfast on the truth and exercising patience, tolerance and fortitude is the formula of success.

 

 

104. Suratul Humazah : The Chapter of the Scandal Monger.

Makkah – 8 Aayats

 

Condemnation of those who maliciously try to find and reveal faults in others. A vivid description is mentioned about the severe, painful, punishment, which will be meted out to those who are engaged in amassing wealth and literally worshipping it.

 

 

105. Suratul Feel : The Chapter of the Elephants.

Makkah – 5 Aayats

 

Reference is made to an event when the Ethiopian Christian King, Abraha, who ruled Yemen in the 6th Century intended to destroy the Ka’abah with his army of elephants in A.D. 570, the year of Nabi Muhammad (S.A.W)’s birth. Allaah utterly destroyed them. The one who is intoxicated with materialist power and disgraces any symbol of Allaah or sets himself against the Nabi (S.A.W) or his message will be perpetually humiliated and annihilated.

 

 

106. Suratul Qurash : The Chapter of the Custodians of the Ka'bah.

Makkah – 4 Aayats

 

Allaah destroyed those who attempted to demolish the nucleus of Tauheed, thus facilitating the summer and winter trade journeys of the Quraysh. Thus they should worship Allaah, shun shirk and not be fooled by the love of wealth. Duties of the scholars mystics and every individual are mentioned.

 

 

107. Suratul Ma'oon : The Chapter of the Neighbourly Needs.

Makkah – 7 Aayats

 

It rebukes those who fail to offer neighbouring help or charity, who do not spend on the poor and orphan, as well as those who are neglectful of their Salaat. These are generally the qualities of those who belie Qiyaamah.

 

 

108. Suratul Kauthar : The Chapter of the Abundance.

Makkah – 3 Aayats

 

Nabi (S.A.W) has been given ‘abundance’ (good in both the worlds and the ‘pond’ in the Aakhirat). The principle of defeating the enemies of Allaah, which are stated :-
 

1.) pray to Allaah;
 

2.) make  sacrifices (all forms) for Allaah.
 

 

109. Suratul Kaafiroon : The Chapter of the Disbelievers.
Makkah – 6 Aayats

 

Theme of Tauheed and refutation of Shirk stressed whilst an ultimatum to the Kuffaas is announced strongly. Those who do not take heed should be left to their own abnoxious acts. Basically, severe ties with the Kuffaar.

 

 

110. Suratul Nasr : The Chapter of the Help.

Madinah – 3 Aayats

 

The end of the successful life of Rasulullaah (S.A.W) and the grief of his demise is stated. Victory is granted after announcing disassociatation from the Kuffaar. But victory for believers makes them more humble and even more conscious of their shortcomings.

 

 

111. Suratul Lahab : The Chapter of the Flame.

Makkah – 5 Aayats

 

The Abu Lahab type personality is considered an obstacle in the propagation of truth. But Allaah grants victory to Muslims and destroys the Kuffaar. Surah describes how Abu Lahab and his wife were destroyed.
 

 

112. Suratul Ikhlaas : The Chapter of the Sincerity.

Makkah – 4 Aayats
 
The foundation of Islaam, Tauheed is described from various angles. Kuffaar are generally destroyed by rejecting Tauheed.

 

 

113. Suratul Falaq : The Chapter of the Dawn.

Makkah – 5 Aayats

 

Once Tauheed is make clear and expounded the enemies will use dubious means of magic, sorcery etc, to try to harm Muslims just like they did against Nabi (S.A.W). One is urged to recite these concluding Surahs (Falaq and Naas) to protect one-self from (bodily) harms and effects of dubious attacks by seeking the protection of Allaah.

 

 

114. Suratul Naas : The Chapter of the Mankind.

Makkah – 6 Aayats

 

Men must know:-

1.) Allaah is the only his Nourisher and Provider;

2.) Allaah is the only soverign;

3.) Only Allaah is worthy of worship and to be supplicated to at all times.

 

One is encouraged to recite these surah to protect one self from any spiritual harm caused by evil-doers, both human and occult and from evil temptations and to seek refuge with Allaah, the All Knowing, the All – Protecting.

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