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Story Behind The Takbeer Tashreeq

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Takbeer Tashreeq

 

Story behind the Takbeer Tashreeq

 

Takbeer Tashreeq is the recitation of "Allaahu akbar, La ilaaha [illa Allaahu] Wallaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar wa lillaahil hamd" after every fardh salaah commencing from the Fajr of the 9th of Dhul Hijah until after Asr of the 13th of Dhul Hijjah. (Shami vol. 1 pg. 406)

 

When Ibrahim (AS) began moving the knife on his beloved son, Ismaeel (AS), the angels sent by Allah with a ram exclaimed, "Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar (Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest)."

 

Ibrahim (AS) heard the voice of the angels and replied, "La illaah illa Allaahu Wallaahu akbar (There is no god besides Allah, and Allah is the greatest)."

 

His son Ismaeel (AS) heard this conversation and understood that Allah had relieved him from this great trial, thus he replied, "Allaahu Akbar Wa lillaahil hamd (Allah is the greatest, and to Allah belongs all praise)." (Ibid)

 

and Allah Ta'ala Knows Best

 

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

http://www.beautifulislam.net/hajj/takbeer_tashreeq.htm

 

 

 

 

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Some Masaail Pertaining to Takbeer-e-Tashreeq

 

takbeer1.jpg

Q: What is the position of Takbeer-e-Tashreeq inDeen?


A: Takbeer-e-Tashreeq is waajib in Deen[1]

 

Q: When should the Takbeer-e-Tashreeq be recited?


A: It should be recited after every fardh Salaah,whether the Salaah was performed individually or in congregation.[2]

 

Q: How many times should it be recited after every fardh Salaah?


A: It should “only” be recited once.[3]

 

Q: On whom is Takbeer-e-Tashreeq waajib?


A: It is waajib on both baaligh men and women. However, men should recite it audibly and women should recite it softly.[4]

 

Q: If one forgets to recite it after Salaah, then what should be done?


A: If the person remembers whilst seated on the musalla and has not yet spoken to anyone, then he should recite the Takbeer-e-Tashreeq. However, if he has spoken or engaged in any worldly activity, then the Takbeer-e-Tashreeq will fall off. [5]

 

Q: If one intentionally leaves out reciting the Takbeer-e-Tashreeq, will he be sinful?


A: He will be sinful on account of omitting a waajib of Deen.[6]

 

Q: For how many Salaah will the Takbeer-e-Tashreeq be recited?


A: The Takbeer-e-Tashreeq will be recited for twenty three Salaah commencing from the Fajr of the ninth of Zul Hijjah and terminating on the Asr of the thirteenth of Zul Hijjah.[7]

 

Q: In the case where one is making qadha for missed Salaah during the days of Tashreeq, should he recite the Takbeer-e-Tashreeq after the qadha Salaah?


A: The Takbeer-e-Tashreeq will only be recited after those qadha Salaah which were missed during the days of Tashreeq of the same year. [8]

 

Q: Should the Takbeer-e-Tashreeq be recited after the Eid Salaah?


A: It should be recited after the Eid Salaah.[9]

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

 

ويجب تكبير التشريق في الأصح للأمر به (حاشية رد المحتار – باب العيدين 2/177)

وقالا بوجوبه فور كل فرض مطلقا ولو منفردا … إلى قوله: وعليه الاعتماد والعمل والفتوى في عامة الأمصار وكافة الأعصار (حاشية رد المحتار – 2/179)

ويجب تكبير التشريق في الأصح للأمر به مرة (حاشية رد المحتار – 2/177)

وقالا بوجوبه فور كل فرض مطلقا ولو منفردا أو مسافرا أو امرأة … إلى قوله: وعليه الاعتماد والعمل والفتوى في عامة الأمصار وكافة الأعصار ) و على مقتد مسافر أو قروي أو امرأة بالتبعية لكن المرأة تخافت (حاشية رد المحتار – 2/179)

عقب كل فرض عيني بلا فصل يمنع البناء ، قال ابن عابدين تحته: فلو خرج من المسجد أو تكلم عامدا أو ساهيا أو أحدث عامدا سقط عنه التكبير ، وفي استدبار القبلة روايتان ، ولو أحدث ناسيا بعد السلام ، الأصح أنه يكبر ولا يخرج للطهارة ، فتح (حاشية رد المحتار – 2/179)

قال ابن عابدين: وفيه نظر لما قدمناه عنه في بحث سنن الصلاة أن الإثم في ترك السنة أخف منه في ترك الواجب (حاشية رد المحتار – 2/178)

أوله من فجر عرفة وآخره إلى عصر العيد … إلى قوله: وقالا بوجوبه فور كل فرض مطلقا ولو منفردا أو مسافرا أو امرأة لأنه تبع للمكتوبة إلى عصر اليوم الخامس آخر أيام التشريق وعليه الاعتماد والعمل والفتوى (حاشية رد المحتار – 2/179)

أو قضى فيها منها من عامه (حاشية رد المحتار – 2/179)

ولا بأس به عقب العيد ، لأن المسلمين توارثوه ، فوجب اتباعهم وعليه البلخيون (حاشية رد المحتار – 2/180)

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TASHREEQ MADE EASY

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar,

Laillaha illallaah,

wallahu Akbar,

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar,

Walillaahi Hamd

 


This is the Takbeer Tshreeq. It is read after every Fardh Salaat from the 9th Zil Hajj until the 13th Zil Hajj.
 

 

Four aspects need discussion:

1. Order

2. Method

3. Condition

4. Wajib.

 

1) It is Wajib (Compulsory) to read the Takbeer Tashreeq.

2) To read the Takbeer Tashreeq 3 times is better.

3) There are 3 conditions:

a. To be a ‘Muqeen’ (a resident);

b. To be in a town/city;

c. To be read immediately after the Fardh Salaah.

d. [To be well.]

 

4) Takberaat is not Wajib on a traveller, for those in the village, women or those performing Salaat alone.
 

5) If these people follow an Imaam upon whom Takberaat is necessary, they will also follow suit.
 

6) If the ‘Musafir’ (traveller) and/or woman and/or one performing Salaat alone, read it then that is better as per ‘Sahibain’.
 

7) Women should read it softy even if they have made ‘Jamaat Salaat’ on their own.
8) Men recite it audibly.

 

9) If women performed behind an Imaam who made intention of leading them, then it is Wajib for them to read Takberaat.
 

10) Takberaat is not Wajib after a Salaat that is not Fardh Ein (like Witr, Eid Ghah, Nafl, Sunnat, Salaat Janaza, etc.)
 

11) Takberaat is Wajib after Jumuah.
 

12) It is permissible to read after Eid-ul-Adhaa because, according to some, it is Wajib.
 

13) Because it is performed in Jamaat and this action has the status ‘Tawatthur’ (continuity without break) thus to follow this is Waijb.
 

14) It is Wajib on the Mazbooq (latecomer) and Laahiq (one who starts the Salaah, then the Salaah breaks and he misses one or more Rakaats, and then he re-joins the Salaah.)
 

15) The Takberaat will be read after they have completed their Salaat and not with the Imaam when he reads the Takberaat.
 

16) If they read it after the Imaam reads it then their Salaat will be valid for it is ‘Zikr’ and then they do not have to repeat the Takberaat after completion of their own Salaat.
 

17) If a person is performing a Nafl behind an Imaam who is leading a Fardh then it will be Wajib for that person to read the Takberaat.
 

18) If a ‘Muqeem’ is following a ‘Musafir’ then it (the Takberaat) is Wajib on the Muqeem although it is not Wajib on the Masafir Imaam.
 

19) It is not Wajib on a villager or Musafir who follows someone upon whom the Takberaat is Wajib like a Muqeem.
 

20) Also it is not Wajib on the sick to read the Takberaat if they make Jamaat for it is necessary for the Muqeem to be well.

 

TIME:

 

1) This Takberaat is from the Fajr of the 9th Zil Hajj till the Asr of the 13th Zil Hijjah.

2) Thus 23 Salaat in total.

3) This Takbeer has to be said immediately after the Fardh Salaat.

4) Meaning as long as the person does not do such an act that negates ‘Binaa’ e.g. intentionally or mistakenly speaking, intentional breaking Wudhu (going to toilet) or left the Masjid, then the Takberaat does not lapse.

5) If the Imaam leaves out the Takbeer then the followers should read it, for it is Wajib…

6) It is permissible for the follower to commence reading the Takberaat before the Imaam but Mustahab for the Imaam to start.

7) If the Imaam forgets then the followers should read immediately and should not wait for the Imaam to start.

8) The followers should wait for as long as the Imaam does not do an act which will not allow him to do ‘Binaa’ – (see point 4).

9) If one misses any Salaat in the Days of Tashreeq and performs the Qadha of that Salaat within the Days of Tashreeq then one will read the Takberaat.

10) If one misses any Salaat in the Days of Tashreeq and performs the Qadha of that Salaat outside the Days of Tashreeq then one not does read the Takberaat.

 

Al-Islam

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Takbiraat of Tashreeq
 
It is Wajib (compulsory) to recite aloud the Takbiraat of Tashreeq (once only) after every Fardh Salaah, from the Fajr of the 9th Zul-Hijjah  to the Asr of the 13th of Zul-Hijjah, performed with Jamaat or individually.
 
اَللهُ أَكْبَرْ اَللهُ أَكْبَرْ.لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَاللهُ أَكْبَرْ. اَللهُ أَكْبَرُ وَللهِ الْحَمْدُ
 
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Laa ilaaha illallaahu Wallaahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar Walillaahil Hamd.
 
Translation: Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is no deity but Allah & Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the Greatest & all praise belongs to Him.
 
NB. Females should recite the Takbeer in a soft voice.
 
*based on the South African lunar calendar.
 

Jamiatul Ulama (KZN)

Council of Muslim Theologians

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