Do not delve too deep in the subject of Taqdeer
By Mufti Shafiq Jakhura
Q.My question is regarding taqdeer (fate): if Allah haswritten the taqdeer for every individual, then why does He punish accordingly,since it is He that has prescribed this . For example the uncle of the Prophet, (Abu Talib) was not able toaccept Islam as Allah did not appoint him with hidayat (guidance). If that wasthe way Allah had prescribed his life, then why should he be punished?
A. The subject of taqdeer is one that isvery delicate and intricate. Delving too deep into this subject is discouragedand has caused many to go astray. However, in order to clarify your concern oneshould understand that Taqdeer does not refer to the command of Allah. Allah hasnot forced nor commanded any person to commit wrong. Rather it refers to theknowledge of Allah. Allah has blessed every person with the ability to choosebetween right and wrong. One does right or wrong of his/her own prerogative.Hence, if a person does evil or commits a sin, he does not do so because he wasforced into it. Rather, he does so out of his own choice. Yes, Allah out of Hisinfinite knowledge knew that this person would choose the wrong path.
Perhaps a simple example would assist in understanding this concept further.If a newspaper announces that the head of State is to travel to South Africa,and thereafter he does indeed travel, he does so out of his own choice and notbecause the newspaper had knowledge thereof or had announced his plans.
Nevertheless, my sincere advice is that you do not delve too deep into thissubject and accept the concept as mentioned above. Remember, every person has achoice. No person is forced to do good or evil.
And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best